Nano Bio/Medicine: Improving therapeutics and diagnostic technology
Nanobiology seeks to use nanotechnology to understand biological phenomena. Examples of nanobiology in VINSE include include using nanofabricated electrodes to understand neurotransmitter diffusion in the brain, the development of nano-scale imaging technologies to study molecular mechanisms governing cellular communication, and the use of ligand-conjugated nanocrystals to elucidate molecular mechanisms of mental illness.
Nanomedicine is the use of nanotechnology in medicine. Examples of nanomedicine being developed in VINSE include a variety of nanoscale drug delivery platforms, engineered nanovaccines, inexpensive diagnostics employing nanomaterials, artificial blood vessels, and an implantable artificial kidney that exploits nanotechnology.