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Studies, Articles, Books Using LAPOP Data

Below is a partial list of works using LAPOP data. If you have an entry to add, please send it to

2015. '¿Quiénes son, qué les divide? Una caracterización del electorado ecuatoriano.' Instituto de Pensamiento Político de MPAIS. Documento de Análisis de Opinión Pública.


Abril, Eulàlia Puig, and Hernando Rojas. 2015. "Silencing Political Opinions: An Assessment of the Influence of Geopolitical Contexts in Colombia." Communication Research. DOI: 10.1177/0093650215616455.


Acuña-Alfaro, Jairo. 2007. Vientos de cambio en la democracia más consolidada de América Latina. Política y Gobierno, 14 (2): n.p.


Aldrich, John H., and Jie Lu. 2015. "How the Public in the US, Latin America, and East Asia Sees an Emerging China." European Review, 23 (2):227-241. DOI: 10.1017/S1062798714000659.


Altman, David. 2012. "Universal Party Primaries and General Election Outcomes: The Case of Uruguay (1999–2009)." Parliamentary Affairs, 66: 834-855. DOI: 10.1093/pa/gss010.


Altman, David, and Rossana Castiglioni. 2009. "Democratic Quality and Human Development in Latin America: 1972-2001." Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique, 42 (2): 297-319. DOI: 10.1017/S0008423909090301. 


Alvarez, Joseph Pozsgai. 2015. "Low-Level Corruption Tolerance: An 'Action-Based' Approach for Peru and Latin America." Journal of Politics in Latin America, 7 (2):99-129.


Alvarez, Linda. 2014. "Political Knowledge of the Poor in Latin America." Claremont Graduate University. Dissertation.


Alves de Aquino, Jakson. 2015. "Do Democratic Institutions Forge a Demand for Democracy? An Investigation of Latin American Citizens Attitudes." Presented at the 73rd Annual Midwest Political Science Association Conference, Chicago, April 16-19, 2015.


Anastario, Michael P., Kelle Barrick, Deborah Gibbs, Wayne Pitts, Rose Werth, and Pamela K. Lattimore. 2015. "Factors Driving Salvadoran Youth Migration: A Formative Assessment Focused on Salvadoran Repatriation Facilities." Children and Youth Services Review, 59 (December):97-104. DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2015.10.019.


Armesto, Alejandra. 2017. "Evaluation of Local Government Performance and Presidential Approval in Mexico." Frontera Norte, 29 (57):155-176. DOI: 10.17428/rfn.v29i57.916.


Armony, Ariel C., and Nicolás Velásquez. 2015. "Anti-Chinese Sentiment in Latin America: An Analysis of Online Discourse." Journal of Chinese Political Science, 20 (3):319-346. DOI: 10.1007/s11366-015-9365-z.


______; 2016. "A Honeymoon with China? Public Perceptions in Latin America and Brazil." Revista Tempo do Mundo, 2 (2):17-34.


Arnold, Jason R. 2012. "Political Awareness, Corruption Perceptions and Democratic Accountability in Latin America." Acta Politica, 47 (1): 67 - 90.


Asencio, Hugo, and Elena Kulikov. 2017. "Threats to Human Security and Migration in Guatemala." Journal of Human Security and Resilience, 1 (1):33-61.


Azpuru, Dinorah. 2007. Construyendo la democracia en sociedades en postconflicto: Guatemala y El Salvador, un enfoque comparado. Edited by Ligia Blanco, Ricardo Córdova Macías, Nayelly Loya Marín, Carlos G. Ramos, and Adrián Zapata. Guatemala: IDRC - F and G Editores.


_____; 2008. "Guatemala 2007: un año de contrastes para la democracia." Revista de ciencia política, 28 (1): 217-224. DOI: 10.4067/S0718-090X2008000100011. 


_____; 2010. "The Salience of Ideology: Fifteen Years of Presidential Elections in El Salvador." Latin American Politics and Society, 52 (2):103-138. DOI: 10.1111/j.1548-2456.2010.00083.x. 


_____; 2017. "Does Gender Make a Difference? The Gender Gap in Latin American Politics." In Women, Politics, and Democracy in Latin America. Ed. Tomáš Došek, Flavia Freidenberg, Mariana Caminotti, and Betilde Muñoz-Pogossian. Palgrave MacMillan. pp. 109-130. DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95009-6_7.


_____; 2017. "Is U.S. Influence Dwindling in Latin America? Citizens' Perspectives." The Latin Americanist, 60 (4):447-472. DOI: 10.1111/tla.12092.


Azpuru, Dinorah and Elizabeth J. Zechmeister. 2013. "Latin American's Perception of the United States and China." Americas Quarterly - AQ Web Exclusive.


Baker, Andy, and Vania Ximena Velasco-Guachalla. 2018. "Is the Informal Sector Politically Different? (Null) Answers from Latin America.” World Development, 102 (February):170-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.09.014.


Baquero, Marcello. 2008. "Democracia formal, cultura política informal e capital social no Brasil." Opinião Pública, 14 (2):380-413.


Bateson, Regina. 2012. "Crime Victimization and Political Participation." American Political Science Review, 106 (3): 570 - 587. DOI: 10.1017/S0003055412000299.


Berens, Sarah. 2015. "Preferences on Redistribution in Fragmented Labor Markets in Latin America and the Caribbean.” Journal of Politics in Latin America, 7 (3):117-156.


Berens, Sarah, and Armin von Schiller. 2016. "Taxing Higher Incomes: What Makes the High-Income Earners Consent to More Progressive Taxation in Latin America?" Political Behavior, 39 (3):703-729. DOI: 10.1007/s11109-016-9376-2.


Berk-Seligson, Susan, and Mitchell A. Seligson. 1978. "The Phonological Correlates of Social Stratification in the Spanish of Costa Rica." Lingua, 46:1-28.


Blanco, Luisa R. 2013. "The Impact of Crime on Trust in Institutions in Mexico." European Journal of Political Economy, 32 (December): 38-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2013.06.004.


Boehm, Frédéric, and Erika Sierra. 2015. The Gendered Impact of Corruption: Who Suffers More--Men or Women? U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre. U4 Brief, August 2015:9.


Bohn, Simone R.  2008. "Women for President of Brazil? Gender and Policy in View of Brazilian Voters." Opinião pública, 14 (2):352-379.


______; 2012. "Corruption in Latin America: Understanding the Perception - Exposure Gap." Journal of Politics in Latin America, 4 (3): 67-95.


Bonifácio, Robert, and Rafael Paulino. 2015. "Corruption and Political Participation in the Americas and the Caribbean.” Brazilian Political Science Review, 9 (2): 54-80. DOI: 10.1590/1981-38212014000200011.


Booth, John A. 2000. "Global Forces and Regime Change: Guatemala in the Central American Context." Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, 42 (4):59-87.


______; 2014. "Communal Groups, Civil Conflict, and Democratization in Latin America." In Conflict, Democratization, and the Kurds in the Middle East: Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria.  Ed. David Romano and Mehmet Gurses. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN: 978-1-137-40999-7.


Booth, John, and Mitchell A. Seligson. 1979. "Peasants as Activists. A Reevaluation of Political Participation in the Countryside." Comparative Political Studies, 12 (1):29-59.


______; 1984. "The Political Culture of Authoritarianism in Mexico: A Reexamination." Latin American Research Review, 19 (1):106-124.


______; 2005. "Political Legitimacy and Participation in Costa Rica: Evidence of Arena Shopping." Political Research Quarterly, 58 (4):537-550. DOI: 10.1177/106591290505800402.


______; 2009. The Legitimacy Puzzle in Latin America: Political Support and Democracy in Eight Nations. New York: Cambridge University Press.


Booth, John A., and Patricia Bayer Richard. 1996. "Repression, Participation and Democratic Norms in Urban Central America." American Journal of Political Science, 40 (4):1205-1232.


______; 1998. "Civil Society and Political Context in Central America." American Behavioral Scientist, 42 (1):33-46. DOI: 10.1177/0002764298042001004. 


______; 1998. "Civil Society, Political Capital, and Democratization in Central America." Journal of Politics, 60 (3):780-800. DOI: 10.2307/2647648. 


______; 2001. "A formação do capital social na América Central: violência política, repressão, dor e perda." Opinião Pública, 7 (1):75-99.


______; 2006. "Revolution's Legacy: Residual Effects on Nicaraguan Participation and Attitudes in Comparative Context." Latin American Politics and Society, 48 (2):117-140.


______; 2009. "Descifrando el capital social en las democracias de América Latina." In Perspectivas para la democracia en América Latina, edited by L. Heras Gómez, and John A. Booth. Toluca, Mexico: Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México.


______; 2015. Latin American Political Culture: Public Opinion and Democracy. SAGE Publishing. ISBN: 978-1-452-22789-4.


Borraz, Fernando, Cecilia Chouhy, and Máximo Rossi. 2010. "Victimización y justicia por mano propia en Uruguay: Una visión comparativa con América Latina." Documentos de Trabajo, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República. Documento No. 17/10, Octubre 2010.


Botero, Felipe and Méndez, María Lucía. 2008. "¿Reír o llorar?: El drama del conflicto y la resiliencia de la economía en Colombia, 2007." Revista de ciencia politica, 28 (1):121-145.


Bowen, Rachel E. 2017. The Achilles Heel of Democracy: Judicial Autonomy and the Rule of Law in Central America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 978-1-107-17832-8.


Canache, Damarys. 2002. Venezuela: Public Opinion and Protest in a Fragile Democracy. Coral Gables, FL.: North-South Center Press at the University of Miami. ISBN: 1574540866. 


______; 2012. "Citizens' Conceptualizations of Democracy: Structural Complexity, Substantive Content, and Political Significance." Comparative Political Studies, 45 (9): 1132 - 1158. DOI: 10.1177/0010414011434009. 


Carlin, Ryan E. 2011. "Distrusting Democrats an Political Participation in New Democracies: Lesson from Chile." Political Research Quarterly, 64 (3): 668 - 687. DOI: 10.1177/1065912910370692. 


Carlin, Ryan E., and Mason Moseley. 2015. "Good Democrats, Bad Targets: Democratic Values and Clientelistic Vote Buying." The Journal of Politics, 77 (1): 14-26. DOI: 10.1086/678307.


Carlin, Ryan E. and Matthew M. Singer. 2011. "Support for Polyarchy in the Americas." Comparative Political Studies, 44 (11): 1500 - 1526. DOI: 10.1177/0010414011407471. 


Carreras, Miguel. 2013. “The Impact of Criminal Violence on Regime Legitimacy in Latin America.” Latin American Research Review, 48 (3):85-107. 


______;  "Outsider Presidents, Institutional Performance, and Governability in Latin America." University of Pittsburgh. Dissertation.


______; 2016. "Compulsory Voting and Political Engagement (Beyond the Ballot Box): A Multilevel Analysis." Electoral Studies, 43 (September):158-168.DOI: 10.1016/j.electsud.2016.04.005.


______; 2016. "High-Profile Female Executive Candidates and the Political Engagement of Women: A Multilevel Analysis." Political Research Quarterly, 70 (1):172-183. DOI: 10.1177/1065912916680034.


Carreras, Miguel, and Néstor Castañeda-Angarita. 2012. "Voters' Resources and Electoral Participation in Latin America." Debate, Belo Horizonte, 4 (3): 11- 24.


______; 2012. "Who Votes in Latin America? A Test of Three Theoretical Perspectives." Comparative Political Studies, 47 (8): 1079-1104. DOI: 10.1177/0010414013488558. 


Casas-Zamora, Kevin. 2013. "The Besieged Polis: Citizen Insecurity and Democracy in Latin America." Latin America Initiative at Brookings. June 2013.


Casell, Kaitlen J., John A. Booth, and Mitchell A. Seligson, Vanderbilt University. Statistical Appendix for "Support for Coups in the Americas," paper presented at the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting. Philadelphia, PA, September 1-4, 2016.


Caspi, Dan, and Mitchell A. Seligson. 1983. "Toward an Empirical Theory of Tolerance: Radical Groups in Israel and Costa Rica." Comparative Political Studies, 15 (4): 385-404. DOI: 10.1177/0010414083015004001. 


Castano, Gabriel, and Freddy Osorio Ramirez. 2007. "The Quality of Colombian Democracy: Perspectives and Limitations." America Latina Hoy, 45: 47-68.


Castillo, Juan C.,Diego Palacios, Alfredo Joignant, and Maximiliano Tham. 2015. "Inequality, Distributive Justice and Political Participation: An Analysis of the Case of Chile.” Bulletin of Latin American Research: Journal of the Society for Latin American Studies, 34 (4):486-502. DOI: 10.1111/blar.12369.


Castorena, Oscar, and Elizabeth J. Zechmeister. 2017. "Representing the National Economic Agenda in Latin America: Variation by Fat and Lean Times and Party Brands." Electoral Studies, 45 (February):208-218. DOI: 10.1016/j.electstud.2016.10.005.


Centellas, Miguel. 2017. "Does 'Ethnic' Voting Explain Electoral Support for the MAS? A Multivariate Analysis Using Municipal-Level Data." Revista Boliviana de Ciencia Política, 1 (1):51-78.


Clavijo, Sebastián Riomalo. 2016. "Conflicting Approaches to Peacebuilding? Explaining Political Attitudes towards Armed Conflict Issues in Colombia through Ideas and Interests." Colombia Internacional, 89:81-108. DOI: 10.7440/colombiaint89.2017.03.


Cohen, Mollie J. 2017. "Protesting via the Null Ballot: An Assessment of the Decision to Cast an Invalid Vote in Latin America." Political Behavior. DOI: 10.1007/s11109-017-9405-9.


Córdova, Abby, and Jonathan Hiskey. 2015. "Shaping Politics at Home: Cross-Border Social Ties and Local-Level Political Engagement." Comparative Political Studies,       48 (11): 1454-1487. DOI: 10.1177/0010414015581683.


Córdova, Abby, and Matthew L. Layton. 2016. "When is 'Delivering the Goods' Not Good Enough?: How Economic Disparities in Latin American Neighborhoods Shape Citizen Trust in Local Government." World Politics, 68 (1):74-110. DOI: 10.1017/S0043887115000441.


Córdova, Abby, and Mitchell A. Seligson. 2009. "Economic Crisis and Democracy in Latin America." PS: Political Science & Politics, 42 (4):673-678. DOI: 10.1017/S1049096509990114. 


______; 2010. "Economic Shocks and Democratic Vulnerabilities in Latin America and the Caribbean." Latin American Politics and Society, 52 (2):1-35. 


______; 2010. "La gobernabilidad y el apoyo a la democracia estable en Latinoamérica: resultados del Barómetro de las Américas 2008." Journal of Democracy en Español, 2 (July):28-46.


Córdova, Ricardo M., and Mitchell A. Seligson. 2001. "Cultura política, gobierno local y descentralización: I. América Central." San Salvador: FLASCO.


Cornell, Agnes, and Marcia Grimes. 2015. "Institutions as Incentives for Civic Action: Bureaucratic Structures, Civil Society, and Disruptive Protests." The Journal of Politics, 77 (3):664-678. DOI: 10.1086/681058.


Corrêa, Diego Sanches, and José Antonio Cheibub. 2016. "The Anti-Incumbent Effects of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs." Latin American Politics and Society, 58 (1):49-71. DOI: 10.1111/j.1548-2456.2016.00296.x.


Crow, David, and Clarisa Pérez-Armendáriz. 2017. "Talk without Borders: Why Political Discussion Makes Latin Americans with Relatives Abroad More Critical of Their Democracies." Comparative Political Studies. DOI: 10.1177/0010414017710253.


Cruz, José Miguel. 2015. "Police Misconduct and Political Legitimacy in Central America." Journal of Latin American Studies, 47 (2):251-283. DOI: 10.1017/S0022216X15000085.


Cruz, José Miguel, Rosario Queirolo, and María Fernanda Boidi. 2016. "Determinants of Public Support for Marijuana Legalization in Uruguay, the United States, and El Salvador." Journal of Drug Issues, 46 (4). DOI: 10.1177/0022042616649005.


Cruz, José Miguel, Maria Fernanda Boidi, and Rosario Queirolo. 2016. "Saying No to Weed: Public Opinion towards Cannabis Legislation in Uruguay." Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy. DOI: 10.1080/09687637.2016.1237475.


Daude, C., H. Gutiérrez and Á. Melguizo. 2015. "Political Attitudes of the Middle Class: The Case of Fiscal Policy." In Latin America's Emerging Middle Classes: Economic Perspectives. Ed. Jeff Dayton-Johnson. Palgrave MacMillan. DOI: 10.1057/9781137320797.


Díaz-Domínguez, Alejandro. 2013. "Religión, adevrsidad y libre comercio en América Latina." Revista de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Iberoamericana, 8 (15): 131 - 155.


______; 2013. "Iglesia, evasión e involucramiento político en América Latina." Política y gobierno, 20 (1): 3 - 38.


______; 2012. "Iglesia católica y valores morales: un posible mecanismo causal para América Latina." La Gaceta de Ciencia Política, 9 (1): 11 – 27.


Díez, Jordi, and Michelle L. Dion. 2014. "Support for Same-Sex Marriage in Latin America." Prepared for the 2014 meeting of the International Political Science Association, Montreal, QC, July 19-24.


Dion, Michelle L., and Jordi Díez. 2017. "Democratic Values, Religiosity, and Support for Same-Sex Marriage in Latin America." Latin American Politics and Society, 59 (4):75-98. DOI: 10.1111/laps.12034.


Duryea, Suzanne and Melissa Morales. 2011. "Effects of the Global Financial Crisis on Children's School and Employment Outcomes in El Salvador." Development Policy Review, 29 (5): 527 - 546. DOI:10.1111/j.1467-7679.2011.00545.x.


Easton, Malcolm R., and Gabriella R. Montinola. 2016. "Remittances, Regime Type, and Government Spending Priorities." Studies in Comparative International Development, 52 (3):349-371. DOI: 10.1007/s12116-016-9233-7.


Eguizábal, Cristina, Matthew C. Ingram, Karise M. Curtis, Aaron Korthuis, Eric L. Olson, and Nicholas Phillips. 2015. Crime and Violence in Central America's Northern Triangle: How U.S. Policy Responses are Helping, Hurting, and can be Improved. Ed. Eric L. Olson. Latin America Program, Wilson Center. Woodrow Wilson Center Reports on the Americas #34.


Escobar-Lemmon, María, and Ashley D. Ross. 2013. "Does Decentralization Improve Perceptions of Accountability? Attitudinal Evidence from Colombia." American Journal of Political Science, 58 (1): 175-188. Online version published on July 8, 2013. DOI: 10.1111/ajps.12043.


España-Nájera, Annabella. 2016. "Party Manifestos in Newer Party Systems: El Salvador and Guatemala." Party Politics. DOI: 10.1177/1354068816678891.

Espinal, Rosario, and Shanyang Zhao. 2015. "Gender Gaps in Civic and Political Participation in Latin America." Latin American Politics and Society, 57 (1):123-138. DOI: 10.1111/j.1548-2456.2015.00262.x.


Esteve, Albert, A. Carolina Saavedra, Julián López-Gay, and Ron J. Lesthaeghe. 2016. "The Boom of Cohabitation in Colombia and in the Andean Region: Social and Spatial Patterns." In Cohabitation and Marriage in the Americas: Geo-historical Legacies and New Trends. Ed. Albert Esteve, and Ron J. Lesthaeghe. Springer. pp. 187-215. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31442-6.


Fraile, Marta, and Raul Gomez. 2015. "Why Does Alejandro Know More about Politics than Catalina? Explaining the Latin American Gender Gap in Political Knowledge." British Journal of Political Science, 47 (1):91-112. DOI: 10.1017/S0007123414000532.


Fuks, Mario, Gabriel Avila Casalecchi, Guilherme Quaresma Gonçalves, and Flávia Felizardo David. 2016. "Qualificando a adesão à democracia: quão democráticos são os democratas brasileiros?" Revista Brasileira de Ciência Política, 19 (2016): 199-219.


González-Ocantos, Ezequiel. 2015. "Evaluations of Human Rights Trials and Trust in Judicial Institutions: Evidence from Fujimori's Trial in Peru." The International Journal of Human Rights, 20 (4):445-470. DOI: 10.1080/13642987.2015.1107051.


Gordon, Sara, and Fiorella Mancini. 2014. "Typologies of Democrats in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis of Political Attitudes and Democratic Consolidation in Mexico, Chile, Costa Rica." Paper presented at 23rd World Congress of Political Science. July 19-24, 2014. Montreal, Canada.


Greene, Meghan. 2017. "The Reawakening of the Student Movement in Chile: A Discussion of the Incorporation of Protest as a Manifestation of Citizenship Through the Lens of Public Opinion Data.” Middle Atlantic Review of Latin American Studies: A Journal of the Middle Atlantic Council of Latin American Studies, 1 (1):58-82.


Gundelach, Birte. 2015. "Economic Development and Civic Engagement in Latin America: A Comparative Study." Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 45 (2):238-260. DOI: 10.1177/0899764015578287.


Haime, Agustina. 2017. "What Explains Voter Turnout in Latin America? A Test of the Effect of Citizens' Attitudes towards the Electoral Process." Revista de Ciencia Política, 37 (1):69-93. 


Handlin, Samuel. 2016. "Mass Organization and the Durability of Competitive Authoritarian Regimes: Evidence from Venezuela." Comparative Political Studies, 49 (9):1238-1269. DOI: 10.1177/0010414016628186.


Harbers, Imke. 2014. "Taxation and the Unequal Reach of the State: Mapping State Capacity in Equador." Governance, 28 (3):373-391. DOI: 10.1111/gove.12117.


Harbers, Imke, Catherine E. de Vries, and Marco R. Steenbergen. 2012. "Attitude Variability Among Latin American Publics: How Party System Structuration Affects Left/Right Ideology." Comparative Political Studies, 46 (8):947-967. Online version published on September 9, 2012. DOI: 10.1177/0010414012454409.,]


Harbers, I., R. Jaffe, and V.J.N. Cummings. 2016. "A Battle for Hearts and Minds? Citizens' Perceptions of Formal and Irregular Governance Actors in Urban Jamaica." Política y Gobierno, 23 (1):97-123.


Hawkins, Darren, Lucas Brook, Ian Hansen, Neal Hoopes, and Taylor Rawson. 2015. "Transparency and System Support in Peru." AidData. Working Paper 14.


Hernández Huerta, Víctor A. 2014. Disputed Elections in Presidential Democracies: Challenging Electoral Outcomes as a Negotiation Strategy. Kellogg Institute for International Studies, University of Notre Dame.


Herrero, Martin Santiago, and Fernando Hiraldo del Castillo. 2015. Atlas de Desarrollo Humano Local: Panamá 2015. Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo. Report.


Heywood, Paul M., ed. 2015. Routledge Handbook of Political Corruption. New York: Routledge. ISBN: 978-1-315-73917-5.


Holdo, Markus. 2014. “Field Notes on Deliberative Democracy: Power and Recognition in Participatory Budgeting." Uppsala University. Dissertation.


Hiskey, Jonathan T. 2003. "Generic vs. Name-Brand: Regime Labels and the Meaning of Public Support for Democracy in Nicaragua." International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 15 (3):285-299. DOI: 10.1093/ijpor/15.3.285. 


Hiskey, Jonathan T., and Mason W. Moseley. 2017. “Severed Linkages: Distorted Accountability in Uneven Regimes.” Comparative Political Studies, 1-37. DOI: 10.1177/0010414017740603. 


Hiskey, Jon, and Mitchell A. Seligson. 2003. "Pitfalls of Power to the People: Decentralization, Local Government Performance, and System Support in Bolivia." Studies in Comparative International Development, 37 (4):64-88. DOI: 10.1007/BF02686272.


Holzner, Claudio A. 2007. "Voz y voto: Participación política y calidad de la democracia en México." America Latina Hoy, 45 (April): 69-87.


Homan, Mirya R., Jennifer L. Merolla, and Elizabeth J. Zechmeister. 2016. "Terrorist Threat, Male Stereotypes, and Candidate Evaluations." Political Research Quarterly, 69 (1): 134-147. DOI: 10.1177/1065912915624018.


Hyun, Ki Deuk, and Soo Jung Moon. 2014. "News Media's Role in the Issue-Voting Process." Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 91 (4): 687-705. DOI: 10.1177/1077699014550095.


Isaacs, Anita. 2010. "Trouble in Central America: Guatemala on the Brink." Journal of Democracy, 21 (2):108-122. 


Justino, Patricia, and Bruno Martorano. 2016. "Inequality, Distributive Beliefs and Protests: A Recent Story from Latin America." Institute of Development Studies. Working Paper, Volume 2016 No 467.


Kelly, Monique D.A., and Stanley R. Bailey. 2017. "Racial Inequality and the Recognition of Racial Discrimination in Jamaica."  Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation, and Culture, pp. 1-19. DOI: 10.1080/13504630.2017.1381835.


Kereval, Yann P., and Lonna Rae Atkeson. 2015. "Reducing Stereotypes of Female Political Leaders in Mexico." Political Research Quarterly, 68 (4):732-744. DOI: 10.1177/1065912915607637.


Khemraj, Tarron. 2016. "The Political Economy of Guyana's Underdevelopment."               The Review of Black Political Economy, 43 (3-4):325-342. DOI: 10.1007/s12114-016-9239-4.


Kiewiet de Jonge, Chad P. 2014. "Is Support for 'Democracy' Overreported? Abstraction, Meaning, and Social Desirability Bias." Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económias (CIDE), México City.


______; 2015. "Who Lies About Electoral Gifts?: Experimental Evidence from Latin America." Public Opinion Quarterly, 79 (3):710-739. DOI: 10.1093/poq/nfv024.


______; 2016. "Should Researchers Abandon Questions about 'Democracy?’: Evidence from Latin America." Public Opinion Quarterly, 80 (3):694-716. DOI: 10.1093/poq/nfw008.


Klesner, Joseph L. 2009. "Who Participates? Determinants of Political Action in Mexico." Latin American Politics and Society, 51 (2):59-90. DOI: 10.1111/j.1548-2456.2009.00048.x. 


Kutiyski, Yordan K., and André Krouwel. 2014. "Narrowing the Gap: Explaining the Increasing Competitiveness of the Venezuelan Opposition." Latin American Politics and Society, 56 (4): 71-97. DOI: 10.1111/j.1548-2456.2014.00249.x.


Layton, Matthew L., and Amy Erica Smith. 2015. "Incorporating Marginal Citizens and Voters: The Conditional Electoral Effects of Targeted Social Assistance in Latin America." Comparative Political Studies, 48 (7): 854-881. DOI: 10.1177/0010414014565889.


______; 2017. "Is It Race, Class, or Gender? The Sources of Perceived Discrimination in Brazil." Latin American Politics and Society, 59 (1):52-73. DOI: 10.1111/laps.12010.


Layton, Matthew L., Maureen M. Donaghy, and Lúcio R. Rennó. 2017. "Does Welfare Provision Promote Democratic State Legitimacy? Evidence from Brazil's Bolsa Família Program." Latin American Politics and Society, 59 (4):99-120. DOI: 10.1111/laps.12035. 


Lehoucq, Fabrice. 2008. "Bolivia's Constitutional Breakdown." Journal of Democracy, 19 (4):110-124. 


Luna, Juan Pablo and Rodrigo Mardones. 2010. "Chile: Are the Parties Over?" Journal of Democracy, 21 (3):107-121. DOI: 10.1353/jod.0.0180. 


Machado, Fabiana, and Giselle Vesga. 2016. Water and Sanitation Sector: A Colombian Overview. Inter-American Development Bank. Technical Note N° IDB-TN-713.


Madrid, Raul L. 2005. "Critical Debates: Indigenous Parties and Democracy in Latin America." Latin American Politics and Society, 47 (4):161-179. DOI: 10.1353/lap.2005.0048. 


______;. 2008. "The Rise of Ethnopopulism in Latin America." World Politics, 60 (3):475-508.


Madrid, Raúl L., and Matthew Rhodes-Purdy. 2016. "Descriptive Representation and Regime Support in Latin America.” Political Studies, 64 (4). DOI: 10.1177/0032321715617772.


Magaloni, Beatriz, Alberto Díaz-Cayeros, and Vidal Romero. 2014. "Presidential Approval in Hard Times: Mexico's War on Crime." Instituto Technológico Autónomo de México. Working Paper #2014-003.


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