Shipments & Exports
International shipping of items is perhaps the most traditional contemplation of an export. Physical items shipped abroad may require an export license and are not eligible for the Fundamental Research Exclusion (FRE). Further, all international shipments should be reviewed prior to shipment to ensure they are not being exported to a denied or restricted entity or individual.
Before each shipment, it is important to consider:
- What are you shipping and is it export-controlled?
- Where is the item going?
- Who is the end-user and what is the intended end-use?
By completing an International Shipments Form, Vanderbilt Export Compliance (VEC) can help determine export licensing requirements for your shipment; this form is an export review only and not a shipping service . If you think your item may be controlled, please contact VEC early to allow adequate time for the proper export determinations; we recommend five (5) business days prior to your anticipated shipping date.
Most items and technologies are controlled to some degree, and the degree of control varies per item. In order to determine degrees of control, it is important to properly classify the item or technology by identifying the Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) or ITAR Category that controls it. If you do not know this information, the most reliable source is the manufacturer or sponsor of the item or technology. For self-classification assistance, contact email@example.com..
Just because it is not labeled does not mean it is not controlled. Just because you bought it commercially does not mean it is not controlled.
You can find examples of controlled technologies here. Remember that while almost every item located in the United States is subject to export controls, most do not require an export license.
Once you determine your item's classification number you'll need to determine where it is controlled or restricted to. Certain destinations are comprehensively sanctioned or embargoed and virtually all interactions with these are prohibited without an authorized export license from the U.S. Government.
Comprehensively Sanctioned Countries
Office of Foreign Assets Control Regulations (OFAC) and Export Administration Regulations (EAR):
Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria, Venezuela, Crimea Region of Ukraine
Targeted Sanctions Countries
Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya, Lebanon, Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Belarus, Iraq, Yemen, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Russia/Ukraine, Zimbabwe, Balkans, Venezuela
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) Prohibited Countries:
Afghanistan, Belarus, Central African Republic, China, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Fiji, Haiti, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Myanmar, North Korea, Rwanda, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Republic of the Sudan (Northern Sudan), Syria, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.
Countries with Restricted Parties on the EAR Entity List :
China, Canada, Germany, Iran, India, Israel, Pakistan, Russia, Egypt, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Kuwait, Lebanon, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, United Arab Emirates the United Kingdom.
It is important to consider who is receiving the item (and their associated entity). Some companies and individuals are denied or blocked parties and we are prohibited from doing business with them without a license. Always perform a Restricted Parties Screening (RPS) on the recipient, or end-user, and their associated entity to ensure they are not on one of the government maintained lists. You can perform a restricted parties screening by completing a Restricted Parties Screening Request or searching on export.gov.
In addition, consider what the recipient is going to do with the item. Any end-use (ultimate purpose) that has a military or space application or any end-use that is contrary to national security requires extra review.
Special note: The U.S. Government restricts the shipping of bacteria, fungi, toxins, or viruses. For a list of controlled biological agents see the Restricted Biological Agents guide and for a list of controlled chemicals see the Controlled Chemicals guide.
Other Shipping Resources
Vanderbilt Environmental Health and Safety, VEHS (biological agents, chemicals, toxins, etc.)
Shipping Vendors - Exports and Imports
FedEx is Vanderbilt's approved international carrier. Please see the Vanderbilt Finance Gold Guide for updated vendor representative contact information. There may be duties and fees associated with a foreign shipment, and it may take several business days to secure the proper information. Please schedule and budget accordingly.
For more guidance on how to ship internationally with FedEx, refer to FedEx About EEI or contact FedEx customer service at 800-247-4747.
For all imports and other shipments which may require the expertise of a dedicated customs broker, V. Alexander is Vanderbilt's approved vendor. Please see the Vanderbilt Finance Gold Guide for updated vendor representative contact information. For more guidance on how to ship internationally with V. Alexander, refer to their website or contact the vendor representative.
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) also requires that export-controlled items shipped to an entity (company, organization, university, contact, etc.) in the United States be reviewed prior to shipment to ensure they are not being exported to an entity on the Denied Persons Lists (DPL). For more information on sending items or information internationally, please visit USPS webpage International Mail Delivery Services. In addition, the USPS Publication 613 "Shipping International Packages" is available at USPS locations as a resource.
When mailing to a foreign country, exporters may be asked to complete:
- Postal Service form 2976-A Customs Declaration and Dispatch Note , or
- Postal Service form 2976 Customs Declaration CN 22 - Senders Declaration.
Some international shipments may not require a specific form; however, the individual mailing the letter or package is still responsible to ensure compliance with export control laws and regulations.
To contact a Vanderbilt Post Office please click here.