Ludwig Beethoven J. Noya is a Ph.D. student in Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel in its Ancient Near Eastern context. He is minoring in New Testament while also pursuing the graduate certificate in Jewish Studies. Ludwig holds an M.T.S. in Hebrew Bible and Ancient Near East from Boston University, an M.Th. in Biblical Theology from Jakarta Ecumenical Theological Seminary, and an S.Fil. (bachelor’s degree) in Applied Theology from the Adventist University of Indonesia. His additional study includes several Classical Hebrew and Biblical Studies courses at Harvard University and Boston College, and also funded by Biblical Archaeology Society to study Archaeological Studies at Tel Aviv University, Israel. Ludwig is interested in reading texts through the conversation with the postcolonial approach, political reading, materialist reading, ideological criticism, socio-rhetorical criticism, intersectionality, and ancient Near Eastern civilizations. Before coming to the United States, Ludwig served as an adjunct faculty in Jakarta Ecumenical Theological Seminary, while also teaching in an elementary and junior high school.