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Theological Studies


Students in the Theological Studies area must complete 3325: Nineteenth Century Theology and 3327: Contemporary Theology. They must also take 3908: Seminar in Systematic Theology during each of their first two years of course work.


Students concentrating in the Theological Studies area must demonstrate proficiency in two languages of research, as indicated in the general guidelines for the Graduate Department of Religion. In the area of Theological Studies, these languages are normally chosen from among German, French or Spanish. Should the student's area of intended research warrant it, he or she may petition the area faculty to count Latin or Greek as one of the two languages.


The Theological Studies area requires the satisfactory completion of five Ph.D. qualifying examinations. They are: (1) History of Christian Theology; (2) Contemporary Readings in the Nature and Tasks of Theology (a.k.a. "Methods"); (3) Doctrines; (4) Minor Area; and (5) Dissertation Area Research. The last two of these involve individual negotiation between student and area faculty and often take the form of a research paper. Students sit for the first three exams, which are fixed in format and involve standardized reading lists, as specified below.

Protocol for Exams One-Three

  1. Normally, students are expected to read 20-25 texts for each of the three exams. At least three months prior to the scheduled exam period, the student would submit for the three seated exams the number of briefly stated problems of interest specified below for each. Each problem is to be accompanied by a list of 6-8 texts that the student finds especially important to it. Most of those texts must come from the required bibliography for the exam in question; with permission of the area faculty, the student may include 3-5 additional texts of particular relevance. These may include texts from another bibliography.
  2. Upon receiving the students’ draft of problems, the TS Area faculty meets for a 45-minute session with the student to discuss the problems and overall preparation for the exams. After dismissing the student, the faculty will decide who would write questions based on which problems.
  3. The TS Area convener will coordinate assigning and receiving the questions, assuring that a total of six questions per exam would be provided. The Area Coordinator will pair the questions appropriately to allow the student options for selection.
  4. On the scheduled day for the exam, the student selects three from the six questions provided (following whatever restrictions by pairings the instructions may include). The student has a total of six hours to write the three closed-book essays.

Exam One: History of Christian Theology (Beginnings to 1965)

Submit four problems of interest for this exam. Each problem must trace a theological issue across at least three historical periods into the twentieth century.

A. Ancient (read all)

  • Justin Martyr                  First Apology
  • Origen                              On First Principles
  • Athanasius                       On the Incarnation of the Word
  • Gregory of Nyssa           Great Catechetical Treatise
  • Gregory of Nazianzus    Five Theological Orations
  • Augustine                        Confessions, Enchiridion, Spirit and Letter, On the Trinity (8-15)
  • Pseudo-Dionysius         The Divine Names and The Mystical Theology
  • Maximus Confessor      Selected Writings


B. Medieval / Reformation (read Aquinas, Luther, Calvin and select one other author)

  •  Anselm                            Proslogion and Cur Deus Homo
  • Bonaventure                  Breviloquium
  • Thomas Aquinas            Summa Theologiae 
                                              Ia [qq1-13, 43-5]
                                              IaIIae [qq109-14], IIaIIae [qq1-2, 23]
                                              IIIa [qq1, 60, 62, 64]
  • Meister Eckhart             Commentary on John (Prologue) 
                                              German Sermons
  • Julian of Norwich          Showings
  • Nicholas of Cusa            On Learned Ignorance
  • Martin Luther                 Heidelberg Disputation 
                                              Confession Concerning Christ’s Supper (Parts I and III) 
                                              Brief Instruction on Gospels 
                                              Prefaces to OT and NT 
                                              Two Kinds of Righteousness 
                                              Bondage of the Will (Introduction, Part VI and Conclusion) 
                                              Babylonian Captivity (Part I) 
                                              Freedom of a Christian
  • John Calvin                     Institutes (1559) 
                                              Bk I [i-iii, vi-vii, ix, xv-xviii]
                                              Bk II [i, ii.12-18, iii.3-10, v.14-15, vi, ix, xvi, xvii]
                                              Bk III [i, ii, xi, xiv.10-12, xv, xix, xxii]
                                              Bk IV [i-ii, viii, ix.8-13, xiv, xv.14-17, xvii.1-16, 33, xvii.13-17, xx]
  • Teresa of Avila               The Interior Castle
  • René Descartes             Meditations on First Philosophy [not including objections]
  • Blaise Pascal                  Pensées
  • John Locke                     Reasonableness of Christianity
  • Gottfried Leibniz            Theodicy
  • Jonathan Edwards        Two Dissertations
  • John Wesley                   Outler selection (Library of Prot Thought) and "A Plain Account"
  • Gotthold Lessing           Theological Writings
  • David Hume                   Dialogues on Natural Religion
                                              Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Sections X & XI)


C. Early Modern (read Hume and three others)

  • René Descartes             Meditations on First Philosophy [not including objections]
  • Blaise Pascal                  Pensées
  • John Locke                     Reasonableness of Christianity
  • Gottfried Leibniz            Theodicy
  • Jonathan Edwards        Two Dissertations
  • John Wesley                   Outler selection (Library of Prot Thought) and "A Plain Account"
  • Gotthold Lessing           Theological Writings
  • David Hume                   Dialogues on Natural Religion
                                              Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Sections X & XI)


D. Nineteenth Century (read Kant, Schleiermacher, Hegel, Troeltsch and two others)

  • Immanuel Kant              Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics 
                                              Critique of Practical Reason
  • Friedrich Schleiermacher       The Christian Faith 
                                              Introduction (paras 1-31)
                                              Part I (paras 32-41, 46-51, 57-58)
                                              Part II/1 (paras 62-72, 75-82)
                                              Part II/2 (paras 86-95, 100-2, 106-7, 109, 113-27,
                                              148-9, 164-72)
  • G. W. F. Hegel                Phenomenology of Spirit (Preface and Introduction) 

                                                    Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion (Parts I & III)

  • Søren Kierkegaard       Philosophical Fragments 
                                             The Sickness Unto Death
  • John Henry Newman   Fifteen Oxford Sermons
  • Horace Bushnell            God in Christ
  • Albrecht Ritschl             Three Essays
  • Wilhelm Herrmann      The Communion of the Christian with God
  • Martin Kähler                So-Called Historical Jesus and the Historic, Biblical Christ
  • Adolf von Harnack       What is Christianity
  • Alfred Loisy                   The Gospel and the Church
  • Maurice Blondel           Letter on Apologetics 
                                             History and Dogma
  • Ernst Troeltsch              “Historical and Dogmatic Method in Theology"
                                             “What Does ‘Essence of Christianity' Mean?"
                                             “Half a Century of Theology: A Review"
                                             “The Significance of the Historical Existence of Jesus for Faith”
                                             “The Dogmatics of the History-of-Religions School"
                                             “The Essence of the Modern Spirit”
                                             “On the Possibility of a Liberal Christianity”

E. Twentieth Century (read Barth, Rahner and two others)

  • Karl Barth                       “Fate and Idea in Theology”, “The Humanity of God”,
                                              “Concluding Postscript on Schleiermacher”,
                                              Church Dogmatics I/1, plus sections 57 and 58 from IV/1
  • Rudolf Bultmann           NT and Mythology and Other Basic Writings
  • Paul Tillich                      Systematic Theology [Vols. 1 and 2]
  • H. Richard Niebuhr       Meaning of Revelation
                                              Radical Monotheism and Western Culture
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer       Creation and Fall and Christ the Center and Ethics
  • Karl Rahner                    Foundations of Christian Faith 
                                              Gerald McCool (ed.), A Rahner Reader
  • Henri de Lubac              Mystery of the Supernatural
  • Vladimir Lossky             Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church
  • Hans Urs von Balthasar      Seeing the Form (Glory of the Lord, vol. I)

EXAM TWO: Contemporary Readings in the Nature & Tasks of Theology

Submit four problems of interest for this exam. The problems need not fall into the bibliographical categories below, but the problems of interest in sum must demonstrate engagement with texts from all of the categories

1. Theology and its Cognate Disciplines

John Cobb, Jr. and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology

Ingolf Dalferth, Theology and Philosophy

Sheila Greeve Davaney, Pragmatic Historicism

David Kamitsuka, Theology and Contemporary Culture

Paul Lakeland, Postmodernity

Bernard Lonergan, Method in Theology

Sallie McFague, Metaphorical Theology

John Milbank, Theology and Social Theory

Wolfhart Pannenberg, Theology and the Philosophy of Science

David Tracy, The Analogical Imagination

Robert Schreiter, Constructing Local Theologies

Kathryn Tanner, Theories of Culture

2.    Sources and Norms: Doctrine, Scripture, Tradition

Paul DeHart, Trial of the Witnesses: The Rise and Decline of Postliberal Theology

Edward Farley, Ecclesial Reflection

Hans Frei, Types of Christian Theology

John Haught, Christianity and Science

Gareth Jones, Critical Theology

Gordon Kaufman, In Face of Mystery (Part One)

David Kelsey, Uses of Scripture in Recent Theology

Nicholas Lash, Theology on Dover Beach and Theology on the Way to Emmaus

George Lindbeck, The Nature of Doctrine

Andrew Louth, Discerning the Mystery

Schubert Ogden, On Theology

Edward Schillebeeckx, Christ: The Experience of Jesus as Lord

Jürgen Moltmann, Experiences in Theology

Geoffrey Wainwright, Doxology: The Praise of God in Worship, Doctrine, and Life: A Systematic Theology

Maurice Wiles, The Remaking of Christian Doctrine

Rowan Williams, On Christian Theology (Prologue, Chs. 1-4) & the essay, “Doctrinal Criticism: Some Questions”

  3.     Contemporary Issues 

Gender, Race/Ethnicity, Sexuality

Marcella Althaus-Reid, Indecent Theology

Ellen T. Armour, Deconstruction, Feminist Theology, and the Problem of Difference: Subverting the Race/Gender Divide

J. Kameron Carter, Race: A Theological Account

Kelly Brown Douglas, Sexuality and the Black Church

Dwight Hopkins, Introduction to Black Theology of Liberation

Ada María Isasi-Díaz, Mujerista Theology

Elizabeth Johnson, She Who Is (Parts One and Two)

Serene Jones, Feminist Theology: Cartographies of Grace

Kwok Pui-lan, Postcolonial Imagination & Feminist Theology

Schneider, Laurel C. Re-Imagining the Divine

Stephanie Y. Mitchem, Introducing Womanist Theology

Economics, Class, Postcolonialism

Clodovis Boff, Theology and Praxis

Gustavo Gutiérrez, A Theology of Liberation, 2nd ed.

M. Douglas Meeks, God the Economist: The Doctrine of God and Political Economy

Johann Baptist Metz, Faith in History and Society

Joerg Rieger, No Rising Tide: Theology, Economics and the Future

Mark Kline Taylor, Remembering Esperanza

Religious Pluralism  

Francis Clooney, Hindu God, Christian God

Jacques Dupuis, Toward a Theology of Religious Pluralism

Jeannine Hill Fletcher, Monopoly on Salvation? A Feminist Approach to Religious Pluralism OR Motherhood as Metaphor: Engendering Religious Dialogue

Paul Knitter, Introducing Theologies of Religion

III: Doctrines

Submit two problems of interest for three of the following doctrines. 

A. Christology

Aulén, Gustaf. Christus Victor: An Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of Atonement.
            New York: Macmillan, 1951.

Boff, Leonardo. Jesus Christ Liberator: A Critical Christology for Our Time. Maryknoll,
            N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1978.

Brunner, Emil. The Mediator. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1947.

Cobb, John B. Christ in a Pluralistic Age. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1975.

Cone, James H. A Black Theology of Liberation. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1986.

Grant, Jacquelyn. White Women's Christ and Black Women's Jesus: Feminist Christology 
              and Womanist Response. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1989.

Griffin, David Ray. Process Christology. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1973.

Haight, Roger.  Jesus Symbol of God. Orbis, 2000.

Jenson, Robert W. Systematic Theology, Vol 1 New York: Oxford University Press 1997.

Johnson, Elizabeth. Consider Jesus. New York: Crossroad, 1990.

Jüngel, Eberhard.  God as the Mystery of the World. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans,

Kasper, Walter. Jesus the Christ.  New York: Paulist Press, 1976.

Moltmann, Jürgen. The Way of Jesus Christ: Christology in Messianic Dimensions.
             Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993.

Ogden, Schubert Miles. The Point of Christology. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1982.

Pannenberg, Wolfhart.  Jesus, God and Man. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1977.

Sobrino, Jon. Christology at the Crossroads: A Latin American Approach

Sölle, Dorothee. Christ the Representative: An Essay in Theology after the "Death of 
             God". London: S.C.M. Press, 1967.

Tanner, Kathryn. Jesus, Humanity and the Trinity: A Brief Systematic Theology.Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001.

von Balthazar, Hans Urs. Theo-Drama, vol. III

Wildman, Wesley.  Fidelity with Plausibility: Modest Christologies in the Twentieth 
            Century. Albany: SUNY Press, 1998.

Yoder, John Howard. The Politics of Jesus. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972.

B. Ecclesiology

Baptism, Eucharist and Ministry. Faith and Order Paper No. 111.Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1982.

Doyle, Dennis. Communion Ecclesiology: Visions and Versions. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis,

Dulles, Avery. Models of the Church. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1974.

Evans, G. R. The Church and the Churches: Toward an Ecumenical Ecclesiology. New
           York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Fulkerson, Mary. Places of Redemption: Theology for a Worldly Church. New York: Oxford University Press,


Haight, Roger.  Christian Community in History Vo. 2. (New York: Continuum, 2005), pp. 291-495.

Gunton, Colin and Daniel Hardy, eds. On Being the Church: Essays on Christian 
           Community. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1989.

Healy, Nicholas M. Church, World and the Christian Life: Practical-Prophetic 
           Ecclesiology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Hütter, Reinhard. Suffering Divine Things: Theology as Church Practice.  Grand Rapids:
           Eerdmans, 2000.

Moltmann, Jürgen. The Church in the Power of the Spirit: A Contribution to Messianic 
           Ecclesiology. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993.

Russell, Letty M. Church in the Round. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox, 1993.

Schillebeeckx, Edward. Church: The Human Story of God. New York: Crossroad, 1990.

Segundo, Juan Luis. The Community Called Church. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1973.

Suchocki, Marjorie Hewitt. God Christ Church: A Practical Guide to Process Theology,

Volf, Miroslav. After Our Likeness: The Church in the Image of the Trinity. Grand
           Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998.

Watson, N. K. Introducing Feminist Ecclesiology. New York: Continuum, 2002.

Zizioulas, John D. Being as Communion: Studies in Personhood and the Church.
           Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1985.

C. Eschatology

Balthasar, Hans Urs von. Theology of History New York,: Sheed and Ward, 1963.

Barth, Karl. The Epistle to the Romans. 1921 rev. ed. London: Oxford U. Press, 1968.

Bultmann, Rudolf. History and Eschatology: The Presence of Eternity New York: Harper
            & Brothers, 1957.

Fiddes, Paul S.  The Promised End. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000.

Keller, Catherine. Apocalypse Now and Then: A Feminist Guide to the End of the World 
            Boston: Beacon Press, 1996.

Moltmann, Jürgen.  The Coming God. Tr. Margaret Kohl. Minneapolis: Fortress Press,

_____. Theology of Hope: On the Ground and the Implications of a Christian 
            Eschatology. London: SCM Press, 1967.

Pannenberg, Wolfhart. Systematic Theology, vol. 3 Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998.

_____. Basic Questions in Theology I. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1970.

Peters, Ted. God the World's Future, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1992.

Polkinghorne, John and Michael Welker, eds., The End of the World and the Ends of 
            God. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2000.

Sauter, Gerhard. What Dare We Hope? Reconsidering Eschatology. Harrisburg, PA:
            Trinity Press International, 1999.

Schweitzer, Albert. The Quest of the Historical Jesus. New York: Macmillan, 1961.

Schwarz, Hans. Eschatology. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000.

Weiss, Johannes. Jesus' Proclamation of the Kingdom of God. Philadelphia: Fortress
             Press, 1971.

Williams, Rowan.  Resurrection. Harrisburg, Pa.: Morehouse, 1994.

D. Doctrine of God (Trinity and Creation)

Karl Barth, Church Dogmatics, vol. III/1 (§41, subsections 2 & 3)

Boff, Leonardo. Trinity and Society. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1988.

Bulgakov, Sergius. The Bride of the Lamb, Part I

Cobb, John B. Christian Natural Theology.

Cone, James. God of the Oppressed (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1975, 1997).

Farley, Edward. Divine Empathy. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1996.

Gunton, Colin. The One, the Three, and the Many: God, Creation, and the Culture of 
             Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1993.

Johnson, Elizabeth A. She Who Is: The Mystery of God in Feminist Theological 
            Discourse. New York: Crossroads, 1992.

Jüngel, Eberhard. God as the Mystery of the World.Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983.

Kaufman, Gordon. Theological Imagination: Constructing the Concept of God (1981).

Keller, Catherine. Face of the Deep: A Theology of Becoming. New York: Routledge, 2003.

LaCugna, Catherine Mowry. God for Us: The Trinity and Christian Life. San Francisco:
           Harper Collins, 1991.

Marion, God Without Being. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

McFague, Sallie. Models of God: Theology for an Ecological, Nuclear Age. Philadelphia:
           Fortress, 1987.

____________, The Body of God: An Ecological Theology. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1993.

Moltmann, Jürgen. The Trinity and the Kingdom: The Doctrine of God. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1981.

_____. God in Creation: A New Theology of Creation and the Spirit of God. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1985.

Lash, Nicholas. Easter in Ordinary. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1990.

Pannenberg, Wolfhart. Systematic Theology. Vol. 1.

Rahner, Karl. The Trinity. New York: Herder & Herder, 1997.

Schneider, Laurel. Beyond Monotheism: A Theology of Multiplicity. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Tanner, Kathryn. God and Creation in Christian Theology: Tyranny or Empowerment? 

Tillich, Paul. Systematic Theology Vol. 1. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Delores Williams,  Sisters In The Wilderness: The Challenge Of Womanist God-Talk 
           (Maryknoll NY: Orbis Books, 1993).

Zizioulas, John D. Being as Communion (1985).

E. Anthropology/Soteriology

Armour, Ellen T. Signs and Wonders

Barth, Karl. Church Dogmatics III/2.

Cone, James. God of the Oppressed New York: The Seabury Press, 1975.

Coakley, Sarah. Powers and Submissions. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.

Copeland, Shawn. Enfleshing Freedom: Body, Race and Being. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2010.

Comblin, Joseph. Retrieving the Human: A Christian Anthropology (1990).

Farley, Edward.  Good and Evil: Interpreting a Human Condition (1990).

Heim, S. Mark. The Depth of Riches: A Trinitarian Theology of Religious Ends (Grand
            Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001).

Hopkins, Dwight N. Down, up, and Over: Slave Religion and Black Theology.
            Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2000.

Jones, Serene. Feminist Theory and Christian Theology: Cartographies of Grace 
            Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002.

Keller, Catherine. From a Broken Web: Separation, Sexism, and Self (1986)

McFadyen, Alistair I. The Call to Personhood: A Christian Theory of the Individual in 
           Social Relationships (1990).

Milbank, John. Being Reconciled: Ontology and Pardon (New York: Routledge, 2003).

Niebuhr, Reinhold. The Nature and Destiny of Man, 2 vols. (1951)

Pannenberg, Wolfhart. Anthropology in Theological Perspective. Philadelphia:
           Westminster Press, 1985.

Pauw, Amy Plantinga and Serene Jones, eds. Feminist and Womanist Essays in Reformed 
           Dogmatics. Louisville:Westminster John Knox Press, 2006.

Ray, Darby.  Deceiving the Devil: Atonement, Abuse and Ransom.Cleveland: Pilgrim
           Press, 1998.

Ricoeur, Paul. Oneself as Another (1992)

Tillich, Paul. Systematic Theology Vol. II Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

F. Pneumatology

Betcher, Sharon. Spirit and the Politics of Disablement. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2007.

Buckley, James J. and David S. Yeago, eds. Knowing the Triune God: The Work of the Spirit  
            in the Practices of the Church. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001.

Bulgakov, Sergius. The Comforter. Eerdmans, 2004.

Congar, Yves. I Believe in the Holy Spirit.

Cooke, Bernard. Power and the Spirit of God. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Del Colle, Ralph.  Christ and the Spirit 1994.

Hodgson, Peter. Winds of the Spirit: A Constructive Christian Theology. Minneapolis:
           Fortress, 1994).

McIntyre, John. The Shape of Pneumatology: Studies in the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit.

Moltmann, Jürgen. The Spirit of Life. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1992.

Pannenberg, Wolfhart. Systematic Theology. Vol. 3. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998.

Rahner, Karl. Spirit in the World.New York: Herder and Herder, 1968.

Tillich, Paul. Systematic Theology Vol. 3.

Victorin-Vangerud. The Raging Hearth: Spirit in the Household of God. Chalice Press,

Wallace, Mark. Fragments of the Spirit: Nature, Violence, and the Renewal of Creation.
            Trinity Press International, 2002.

Welker, Michael. God the Spirit. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1999.

G.  Sacraments

Berger, Teresa. Women’s Ways of Worship: Gender Analysis and Liturgical History. Collegeville
                  Pueblo Books, 1999.

Bradshaw, Paul and Maxwell Johnson. The Eucharistic Liturgies: Their Evolution and Interpretation.
                 Collegeville: Pueblo Books, 2012.

 Bradshaw, Paul. The Search for the Origins of Christian Worship, rev. ed. New York: Oxford
                  University Press, 2002.

Chauvet, Louis-Marie. Symbol and Sacrament: A Sacramental Reinterpretation of Christian

Existence, trans. Patrick Madigan and Madeleine Beaumont. Collegeville: Pueblo Books, 1995.

 Collins, Mary. Worship: Renewal to Practice, Parts 1 & 2, pp. 3-132. Washington, DC: The Pastoral
                  Press, 1987.

Cooke, Bernard. The Distancing of God: The Ambiguity of Symbol in History and Theology.
                  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1990.

__________. Sacraments & Sacramentality, rev. ed. Mystic: Twenty-Third Publications, 1994.

 Costen, Melva. African American Christian Worship, 2nd ed. Nashville: Abington Press, 2007.

 Hoffman, Lawrence. Beyond the Text: A Holistic Approach to Liturgy, Jewish Literature & Culture.
                    Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

 Johnson, Maxwell. The Rites of Christian Initiation: Their Evolution and Interpretation, rev. ed.
                    Collegeville: Pueblo Books, 2007.

 __________. Sacraments and Worship: The Sources of Christian Theology. Louisville: Westminster
                     John Knox Press, 2012.

 Lathrop, Gordon. Holy Things: A Liturgical Theology. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993.

Morrill, Bruce. Anamnesis as Dangerous Memory: Political and Liturgical Theology in Dialogue.
                     Collegeville: Pueblo Books, 2000.

 __________. Divine Worship and Human Healing: Liturgical Theology at the Margins of Life and Death.
                     Collegeville: Pueblo Books, 2009.

Power, David N. Sacrament: The Language of God’s Giving. New York: Crossroad, 1998.

 Rahner, Karl. The Church and the Sacraments, trans. W.J. O’Hara. Quaestiones Disputate 9.
                      Freiburg: Herder, 1963.

Ramshaw, Gail. Reviving Sacred Speech: The Meaning of Liturgical Language. Akron: OSL, 2000.

 Ross, Susan. Extravagant Affections: A Feminist Sacramental Theology. New York: Continuum,

 Schillebeeckx, Edward. Christ the Sacrament of the Encounter with God. New York: Sheed & Ward,

 Schmemann, Alexander. For the Life of the World: Sacraments & Orthodoxy. Crestwood: St
                        Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1973.

 __________. Introduction to Liturgical Theology, trans. Ashleigh Moorehouse. Crestwood: St. Vladimir’s
                         Seminary Press, 1966.

Wainwright, Geoffrey. Eucharist & Eschatology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.

 Yarnold, Edward. The Awe-Inspiring Rites of Initiation, rev. ed. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1994.


NOTE: This description of requirements supplements The Bulletin of Vanderbilt University Graduate School and "The Guidelines of the Graduate Department of Religion." Students are expected to meet all of the common requirements of the graduate program as described in those publications.

Students in Theological Studies are eligible for fellowships in Theology and Practice.