Kristin A. Fleschner
2004 -2005Vanderbilt Traveling Fellow

A Journey to Africa:
Exploring Women's Rights in South Africa and Uganda








Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Zulu and English

Bonke abantu bazalwa bekhululekile belingana ngesithunzi nangamalungelo. Bahlanganiswe wumcabango nangunembeza futhi kufanele baphathane ngomoya wobunye.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

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Project Proposal


Throughout modern history, Africa has been plagued with pandemic problems that hinder social, economic, and political development. The AIDS epidemic and violence are two such problems many developing African countries are facing today. War has created an environment across Africa in which violence is accepted. Rape, a common violent crime against women in Africa, is even more devastating to women living in populations where 20-50 percent of the male population tests HIV positive.

Human Rights Watch released a research study in November of 2003 stating that violence and discrimination against women is fueling the African AIDS crisis, citing that in some African countries females are seven times more likely to be HIV positive than males. The World Health Organization reported that two-thirds of HIV positive women in Rwanda became infected as the result of rape. In South Africa an estimated 1.6 million rapes occur per year and the risk of HIV after rape is 40 percent (ALLAFRICA).

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Kristin carrying Sisipho the African way!
Photo Album located on the Photos Page