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Who Speaks for the Negro? Digital Archive Enhanced

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The Warren Center's digital archive related to Robert Penn Warren's 1965 publication Who Speaks for the Negro? has been greatly enhanced after many years of collaborative work with Vanderbilt University's Jean and Alexander Heard Library as well as libraries at the University of Kentucky and Yale University. The online archive was originally created in 2008 with digitized copies of the tape recordings that Warren made in 1964 with forty-six U.S. Civil Rights leaders in preparation for writing the volume that was published by Random House in 1965. The archive has been greatly enhanced since its original inception and now also contains digitized copies of written materials (including transcripts, letters, and book reviews) related to the project. The original materials are held at the University of Kentucky and Yale University Libraries. Vanderbilt University is indebted to both of these institutions for their willingness to share their collections in order to create a full digital record of Warren's research for the book. Robert Penn Warren's children, Gabriel Warren and Rosanna Warren, have generously given their permission for this material to be made available publicly. The archive, which is completely searchable, will be of great value to scholars, students,and life-long learners with interests in U.S. history and, in particular, the U.S. Civil Rights movement. Warren recorded his interviews with nationally-known figures such as Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, and Stokley Carmichael as well as with men and women working in the trenches of the movement whose names might otherwise be lost to history. We encourage our readers to learn more about this project and to explore the fascinating material within the archive by visiting