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Exodus of physicians to America causing ‘brain drain’ in Africa

Dec. 11, 2013—The past decade has seen a dramatic rise in the number of physicians trained in sub-Saharan Africa emigrating to the United States—40 percent overall when compared to the last decade—resulting in a “brain drain” on nations in the greatest need for affordable and accessible health care. This conclusion was put forth by Akhenaten Tankwanchi, Phd’12,...

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Group prenatal care leads to improved birth outcomes

Dec. 11, 2013—Women with access to group prenatal care had improved birth outcomes, including longer gestational periods and higher birth weight, in a study conducted by researchers at the Peabody Research Institute. The most striking finding was that group prenatal care had “statistically and clinically significant beneficial effects on very low birth weight and fetal demise relative...

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Positive interactions vital to pre-K classrooms

Dec. 11, 2013—Positive interactions in a pre-kindergarten classroom may be equally or more important to the future academic development of 4-year-olds than learning letters and numbers, according to Dale Farran, senior associate director of the Peabody Research Institute and co-author of a new study. It shows that young children improve self-regulation skills in classrooms where teachers exhibit...

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Early spatial reasoning predicts later creativity and innovation

Dec. 11, 2013—Exceptional spatial ability at age 13 predicts creative and scholarly achievements more than 30 years later, according to results from a longitudinal study led by David Lubinski, professor of psychology. The study provides evidence that early spatial ability—the skill required to mentally manipulate 2D and 3D objects—predicts the development of new knowledge, and especially innovation...

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New evaluation process offers better outcomes for juvenile offenders

Dec. 11, 2013—Peabody researchers are partnering with juvenile justice systems around the country to evaluate the potential of delinquency intervention programs to reduce recidivism in hopes of improving outcomes for young offenders. Mark Lipsey, research professor in human and organizational development and director of the Peabody Research Institute, is the lead researcher on the Juvenile Justice Reform...

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NSF grant yields insights on math teaching

Dec. 11, 2013—A grant of $200,000 from the National Science Foundation will enable Peabody researchers Thomas Smith and Paul Cobb to collaborate with Chinese researchers to identify instructional supports that lead to higher levels of mathematics achievement. Smith, associate professor of public policy education and director of graduate studies in leadership, policy and organizations, and Cobb, professor...

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$10M grant establishes center for special education

Dec. 11, 2013—The National Center for Special Education Research has awarded $10 million to a team of researchers led by Doug and Lynn Fuchs, the Nicholas Hobbs Professors of Special Education and Human Development, to develop new math and reading strategies aimed at improving student success. The five-year grant, which establishes an Accelerated Academic Achievement Research Center,...

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Recent Peabody research news releases

Jun. 28, 2013—Do popular education reforms demoralize teachers? Three widely implemented practices intended to strengthen teaching actually do more to undermine professionalism and demoralize teachers, according to Richard Milner, associate professor of education. In a policy brief,  Milner pinpoints evaluations of teachers based on annual gains in students’ standardized test scores, fast-track teacher preparation and licensure programs,...

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Talk to kids about television

Jul. 5, 2012—Children learn more from television viewing when parents participate than they would during book reading, new research from Peabody finds. In a first-of-its-kind study, children showed significant gains in vocabulary and comprehension when parents asked them questions about the content, rather than simply parking them in front of the screen. “There is a lot of...

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Higher ed, federal government ‘intimately connected’

Jul. 5, 2012—Where would American higher education be without government support for research and student aid? Not where it is today, says Peabody College researcher Christopher Loss, who examines the history of the crucial relationship between the government and higher education in his new book, Between Citizens and the State: The Politics of American Higher Education in...

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