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Fair Play: Notes on the Algorithmic Soccer Referee

Posted by on Friday, April 9, 2021 in Articles, Volume 23, Volume 23, Issue 2.

Michael J. Madison | 23 Vand. J. Ent. & Tech. L. 341 (2021)

The soccer referee stands in for a judge. Soccer’s Video Assistant Referee (VAR) system stands in for algorithms that augment human deciders. Fair play stands in for justice. They are combined and set in a polycentric system of governance, with implications for designing, administering, and assessing human-machine combinations.

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Michael J. Madison