The Samuel H. Kress Collection

The paintings that constitute the Samuel H. Kress Study Collection at Vanderbilt University represent a selection of fourteenth- through sixteenth-century Renaissance works of art from northern and southern Italy. The subject matter of these paintings comprises religious narratives as well as saintly images, serving to demonstrate how strong both official and popular pietism were during the age. Yet, in spite of the constancy of devotional spirit underlying the collection, there are a variety of styles and interpretations. It is just such variety which lends value to these painted panels as major components of a university museum collection.

The pieces in the Kress Study Collection range from the Crucifixion by the Bolognese painter, Jacopo di Paolo, to the Virgin and Saints by a Lombard artist, Girolamo Giovenone. They show the transition from the polished tempera-and-gold-leaf surfaces of the Trecento to the deeper resonances of oil painting in the Mannerist style of the mid-sixteenth century. By way of contrast, the Virgin and Child with St. Anne, attributed to Goswyn van der Weyden, provides a Flemish perspective on Renaissance painting that shows Italianate connections to the art of the early sixteenth century in northern Europe.

Viewed as a whole, the Kress pictures demonstrate the attention to craftsmanship and detail that still prevailed in an artistic environment of thriving workshops and competitive commissions. One is immediately struck by the high standards adhered to by artists of limited renown. As these paintings so well illustrate, Renaissance masters had a remarkable sensitivity to both decorative and figural design, as well as a long-standing familiarity with standard subject types. These works, on long-term loan to Vanderbilt, provide an unparalleled opportunity for direct contact with our artistic heritage.

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Andrea di Bartolo
Italian (active after 1389 –1428)
The Crucifixion with the Virgin, Mary Magdalene and St. John the Evangelist, ca. 1400
Tempera on panel
17 1/4″ x 16″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0649P

kress

Jacopo di Paolo,
Italian (active 1380–1426)
The Crucifixion with the Virgin Mary, St. Mary Magdalene, St. John the Evangelist, and a Female
Saint, ca. 1400
Tempera on panel
27 7/16″ x 12 1/4″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0653P

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Lorenzo di Bicci
Italian (active 1370–1427)
Madonna and Child with the Holy Trinity and the Annunciation; Anonymous Martyr Saint; Resurrection, “Noli me tangere,” ca. 1400
Tempera on panel
28 1/2″ x 19 3/8 ”
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0652P

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Vittore Crivelli,
Italian (active ca. 1481–1502)
St. Louis of Toulouse, ca. 1490
Tempera on panel
46 1/8″ x 16 1/4″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College,
Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0651P

kress

Pietro Orioli (Pietro di Francesco degli Orioli),
Italian (1458–1496)
Madonna and Child, 15th century
Tempera on panel
15″ x 11 1/2″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University
1979.0650P

Liberale da Verona (Liberale di Jacopo dalla Biava)
Italian (1445–1525/29)
St. Sebastian, ca. 1525
Tempera on panel
26 5/8 ” x 19 1/2 ”
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0656P

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Giovanni Augustino da Lodi (formerly Pseudo Boccino)
Italian (Milanese); flourished ca. 1467–1524/5
Madonna and Child , ca. 1520
Tempera on panel
20 5/8 ” x 15 1/4″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0654P

 1979.0655P_webtile

Master known as the Pseudo Granacci
Central Italian (1475–1525)
St. Sebastian, ca. 1510
Tempera with oil on panel
19 5/8 ” x 16 1/8 ”
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0655P

kress

Gerolamo Giovenone
Italian (1490–ca. 1557)
Madonna and Child with Apollonia and Another Female saint, ca. 1525–1530
Tempera on wood panel
51 1/8″ x28″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0659P

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Bonifacio di Pitati, called Bonifazio Veronese,
Italian (1487–1553)
Madonna with Three Saints and John, ca. 1530
Tempera on wood panel
25 1/2″ x 34″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0657P

kress

Goswyn van der Weyden
Southern Netherlandish (ca. 1465– after 1538)
Madonna and Child with St. Anne, date unknown
Pigment on oak panel
19″ x 12 3/4″
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0658P

kress

Amico Aspertini
Italian (1474/5–1552)
A Baptismal Ceremony , ca. 16th century
Tempera on panel
24 1/2″ x 29 1/2 ”
The Samuel H. Kress Collection, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0648P