African, Pre-Columbian, Latin American and Oceanic Art

African Art | Pre-Columbian Sculpture & Applied Arts | Latin American Graphic Arts

Due in large part to the generosity of Marjorie and Leon Marlowe, Vanderbilt’s holdings in African, Oceanic, and Pre-Columbian art have significantly increased in recent years. The relatively unfamiliar aesthetics of these cultures now join and complement those of the West and East Asia as represented in the collection. In contrast to the more well-known traditions of western art, works from these regions served a variety of key functions within a specific social structure, as exemplified by the twin cult statues from the Yoruba people of West Africa. Moreover, the objects convey the distinct ancestral artistic traditions that in some cases have endured with little variation over centuries in these civilizations. The expressive force and history of each artifact serve to challenge standard western notions of art’s purpose, the artist-as-genius, and visual representation.

20th Century works from Latin America are also featured in the collection and are represented by such artists as Josë Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and Oswaldo Guyasamin.

African Art

African Art | Pre-Columbian Sculpture & Applied Arts | Latin American Graphic Arts

[Click on images below to enlarge view]

Anonymous,
African (Nigeria)
Ere Ibeji, carved male twin figure embellished with
cowrie shells, date unknown
Wood, shells
8 1/8″ x 3 1/4″ x 3 1/4″
Gift of Marjorie and Leon Marlowe
1994.352

Anonymous,
African
Mbuya (initiation mask), date unknown
Wood and vegetable fiber
11″ x 12 1/2″ x 13″
Gift of Marjorie and Leon Marlowe
1994.518

Pre-Columbian Sculpture & Applied Arts

African Art | Pre-Columbian Sculpture & Applied Arts | Latin American Graphic Arts

[Click on images below to enlarge view]

Anonymous
Western Panama & adjoining areas of Costa Rica
Eagle pendant
Pre-Columbian, ca. 600 B.C. –
1600 A.D
Gold
3 3/8″ x 3 7/8″
Gift of Douglas P. and Cynthia A. Sandell, in memory of Mr. and Mrs. Donald J. Erickson
2006.010

Anonymous
Western Panama & adjoining areas of Costa Rica
Frog pendant
Pre-Columbian, ca. 600 B.C. –
1600 A.D
Gold
2 7/16″ x 2 3/16″
Gift of Douglas P. and Cynthia A. Sandell, in memory of Mr. and Mrs. Donald J. Erickson
2006.012

Anonymous
Diquis Head Band, ca. 600 B.C. –
1500 A.D.
Gold
1 3/16″ x 20 7/8″
Gift of Douglas P. and Cynthia A. Sandell, in memory of Mr. and Mrs. Donald J. Erickson
2006.014

Anonymous
Peruvian
Stirrup-spout vessel, depicting an old mountain god
Pre-Columbian, Intermediate Period (250–700 A.D.)
Ceramic
9 5/8″ x 6″ x 8 1/4″
Gift of Marjorie and Leon Marlowe
1994.507

Latin American Graphic Arts

African Art | Pre-Columbian Sculpture & Applied Arts | Latin American Graphic Arts

[Click on images below to enlarge view]

José Clemente Orozco
Mexican (1883–1949)
Crusaders, 1945
Lithograph
19 1/2″ x 14 1/2″
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Otto Billing
1969.075

David Alfaro Siqueiros,
Mexican (1896–1974)
Illustration for Mexican Suite, date unknown
Lithograph
21 1/8″ x 15 7/8″
Vanderbilt Art Association Acquisition Fund
1973.003

Pablo Estaban O’Higgins
Mexican (1904–1983)
Los Ladrilleros (The Bricklayers), 1946
Lithograph
17 9/16″ x 15 3/16″
Vanderbilt Art Association Acquisition Fund
1976.021

Rufino Tamayo
Mexican (1899–1991)
Capítulo III de Apocalypse de St. Jean (Chapter III of the Apocalypse of St. John), 1959
Lithograph
13 5/8″ x 20 3/4″
The Peabody College Collection, Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery
1979.0377P