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Minor Requirements

Minor in Earth & Environmental Sciences:

The minor in EES provides students with a broad background in earth processes, systems, and history, and an introduction to environmental issues. This background is highly relevant to many different fields of endeavor. The minor does not, however, prepare students for graduate studies or employment as earth scientists. The minor consists of at least five courses (at least 17 hours; EES 1510/1510L and 1030/1030L each count as one course). Although EES 1510 (with 1510L) and 1030 (with 1030L) are highly recommended, students are encouraged to choose courses based on their interests and career plans and to discuss course selection with the director of undergraduate studies. No more than two 1000- level courses count toward the minor. Two courses with labs are required; one must be at the 2000 or higher level. No credit toward the minor is given for EES 3841-3842 or 3851-3852.


Minor in Environmental Science:

The interdisciplinary minor in environmental science requires a minimum of 15 hours. Environmental science is the study of how the earth’s natural environmental processes work, how they have been or can be modified by humans and society, and how such modifications impact on the biosphere, at the levels of individuals through ecosystems. An environmental science minor provides students the opportunity to expand their education to include a coherent program in the scientific aspects of how we interact with and modify the earth’s environment.

Students who want to minor in environmental science must take a minimum of five courses chosen from the courses listed below and approved by an adviser. Two must be from the core environmental science list (A), and at least two others must be from either the environmental science list (C) or the core environmental science list (A). No more than one 1000- level course may be counted toward the minor. Not more than two courses can come from the student’s major department, recognizing that such courses cannot be counted simultaneously for both a major and a minor.



Anthropology: ANTH4154 Environmental Anthropology

Biological Sciences: BSCI2218 Introduction to Plant Biology; BSCI2219 Introduction to Zoology; BSCI2238 Ecology; BSCI3273 Molecular Mechanisms of Environmental Toxins

Environmental Engineering: ENVE4600 Environmental Chemistry

Earth and Environmental Sciences: EES4600 Geochemistry



Anthropology: ANTH4154 Environmental Anthropology

Engineering Science: ES157 Technology and the Environment

Sociology: SOC3315 Human Ecology and Society



Biological Sciences: BSCI2205 Evolution; BSCI2210 Principles of Genetics; BSCI2210L Genetics Laboratory; BSCI2520 Biochemistry;  BSCI3270 Statistical Methods in Biology; BSCI4265 Nucleic Acid Transfers

Chemistry: CHEM2100 Introduction to Analytical Chemistry; CHEM2221-2222 Organic Chemistry; CHEM3120 Instrumental Analytical Chemistry

Civil Engineering: CE3700 Fluid Mechanics

Environmental Engineering: ENVE4610 Biological Unit Processes; ENVE4707 Solid and Hazardous Waste Management; ENVE4710 Hydrology

Earth and Environmental Sciences: EES1030 Oceanography; EES1510 The Dynamic Earth: Introduction to Geological Sciences; EES3220W Life through Time; EES6200 Aqueous Geochemistry (with special approval)

Mathematics: MATH2821 Introduction to Applied Statistics



Philosophy: PHIL3616 Philosophy and the Natural Sciences; PHIL3611 Environmental Philosophy