The Enuma Elish

The Enuma Elish is the Babylonian creation story.  It is written on seven tablets, each with between 115 and 170 lines of text, and was composed no later than the twelfth century B.C.E.  The creating is done on the first six tablets; the creation and the creator are then exalted on the seventh tablet.

The story involves many gods, initially.   The story largely concerns a great conflict between the parents (the god Apsu and the goddess Tiamat) and their children .  In the decisive battle, the god Marduk defeates  his mother Tiamat to become the supreme god.  Marduk then proceeds to create the world and humans.

There are many parallels with the Genesis and Exodus texts.

The following links take you to different on-line translations of the Enuma Elish:

  1.  translation by N. K. Sandars
  2.  translation by L.W. King
  3.  translation from the theology website