Click to return to the VINSE homepage
REU
Browse by Category:

Lukehart, Charles M.
Professor of Chemistry

Research Information

The Lukehart group discovers and develops new synthesis strategies for the preparation of inorganic materials that exhibit desired chemical reactivity or interesting physical properties. There is a special focus on the preparation of nanocomposite materials in which nanoparticles of a guest substance are highly dispersed either on a solid support or throughout a solid matrix. For many applications, single-source molecular precursors are used to control the elemental composition of nanoparticle substances. Instrumental methods used by the Lukehart group for the characterization of the resulting nanocomposite materials include transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning probe microscopy, thermogravimetric, surface-area analysis, and property-specific measurements.
Specific research projects under active investigation include the following:

  • Extending Confined-Plume Chemical Deposition to the use of available table-top lasers as a synthesis method for preparing very hard or superhard ceramic coatings or metal nanoparticles directly on hard or soft supports.
  • Use of single-source or dual-source molecular precursors for the synthesis of metal or metal alloy/carbon nanocomposites for testing as supported catalysts in PEM fuel cells.
  • Use of single-source or dual-source molecular precursors for the synthesis of superparamagnetic or ferromagnetic nanoparticles.
  • Synthesis of graphitic carbon nanofibers (GCNFs) materials including GCNF pellets, GCNF/Si wafer mats, superhydrophobic GCNF/carbon felt mats, and metal/GCNF intercalates.
  • Synthesis and characterization of graphitic carbon nanofiber and nanodiamond hybrid nanocomposite materials in which surface-modified GCNFs and nanodiamond particles, including polymer brushes, are covalently incorporated into organic polymer or ceramic matrices or function as senors.


Selected Publications

Multifunctional FePt Nanoparticles for Radiation-Guided Targeting and Imaging of Cancer. Hariri, G; Wellons, MS; Morris, WH; Lukehart, CM; Hallahan, DE, ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 39, 946-952 , (2011)

Capture and release of alkyne-derivatized glycerophospholipids using cobalt chemistry. Milne, SB; Tallman, KA; Serwa, R; Rouzer, CA; Armstrong, MD; Marnett, LJ; Lukehart, CM; Porter, NA; Brown, HA, NATURE CHEMICAL BIOLOGY, 6, 205-207 , (2010)

Confined-Plume Chemical Deposition: Rapid Synthesis of Crystalline Coatings of Known Hard or Superhard Materials on Inorganic or Organic Supports by Resonant IR Decomposition of Molecular Precursors. Ivanov, BL; Wellons, MS; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 131, 11744-11750 , (2009)

Carbon nanofibers "Spot-Welded" to carbon felt: A mechanically stable, bulk mimic of lotus leaves. Li, J; Sambandam, S; Lu, WJ; Lukehart, CM, ADVANCED MATERIALS, 20, 420-+ , (2008)

Graphitic carbon nanofiber-poly(acrylate) polymer brushes as gas sensors. Li, L; Li, J; Lukehart, CM, SENSORS AND ACTUATORS B-CHEMICAL, 130, 783-788 , (2008)

Synthesis and characterization of potassium metal/graphitic carbon nanofiber intercalates. Michel, JA; Robinson, VS; Yang, L; Sambandam, S; Lu, WJ; Westover, T; Fisher, TS; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 8, 1942-1950 , (2008)

Synthesis and solid-state structure of a Pt-Ru-P ternary metal phosphide (PtRuP2) as a carbon nanocomposite. King, WD; Kwiatkowski, KC; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 8, 3146-3152 , (2008)

Carbon nanofibers "Spot-Welded" to carbon paper by carbothermal reduction: A Nano/Micron-Scale hierarchical architecture having low contact resistance. Li, J; Steigerwalt, ES; Sambandam, S; Lu, W; Lukehart, CM, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 19, 6001-6006 , (2007)

Direct synthesis and size selection of ferromagnetic FePt nanoparticles. Wellons, MS; Morris, WH; Gai, Z; Shen, J; Bentley, J; Wittig, JE; Lukehart, CM, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 19, 2483-2488 , (2007)

Mechanical characterization of nanofiber-reinforced composite adhesives. Xu, LR; Li, L; Lukehart, CM; Kuai, HC, JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 7, 2546-2548 , (2007)

Properties of a reactive-graphitic-carbon-nanofibers-reinforced epoxy. Zhamu, A; Hou, YP; Zhong, WH; Stone, JJ; Li, J; Lukehart, CM, POLYMER COMPOSITES, 28, 605-611 , (2007)

Synthesis and thermionic emission properties of graphitic carbon nanofibres supported on Si wafers or carbon felt. Li, J; Robinson, VS; Liu, Y; Lu, WJ; Fisher, TS; Lukehart, CM, NANOTECHNOLOGY, 18, 325606 , (2007)

Formation of FePt nanoparticles having high coercivity. Rutledge, RD; Morris, WH; Wellons, MS; Gai, Z; Shen, J; Bentley, J; Wittig, JE; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 128, 14210-14211 , (2006)

Graphitic carbon nanofiber hybrid materials: Nanocomposites and intercalates. Lukehart, CM; Li, JA; Li, L; Michel, JA; Zhong, WH, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 231, , (2006)

Nanodiamond/polymer brushes: Synthesis, characterization and application. Li, L; van der Ende, AE; Davidson, JL; Lukehart, CM, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 231, , (2006)

Size-controlled surfactant-directed growth of FePt nanoparticles. Morris, WH; Lukehart, CM, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 231, , (2006)

Surface functionalization of nanodiamond particles via atom transfer radical polymerization. Li, L; Davidson, JL; Lukehart, CM, CARBON, 44, 2308-2315 , (2006)

Synthesis of hydrophobic and hydrophilic graphitic carbon nanofiber polymer brushes. Li, L; Lukehart, CM, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 18, 94-99 , (2006)

Enhanced mechanical robustness and chemical resistance of GCNF/SiC/carbon felt nanocomposites as field-emission materials. Li, J; Lu, WJ; Robinson, VS; Fisher, TS; Lukehart, CML, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 229, U914-U914 , (2005)

Shape control of colloidal PT nanoparticles.. Michel, JA; Lukehart, CM, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 229, U1106-U1106 , (2005)

Surface functionalization and characterization of graphitic carbon nanofibers (GCNFs). Li, J; Vergne, MJ; Mowles, ED; Zhong, WH; Hercules, DM; Lukehart, CM, CARBON, 43, 2883-2893 , (2005)

Surfactant-confined growth of face-centered-cubic FePt nanoparticles. Morris, WH; Lukehart, CM, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 230, U1102-U1102 , (2005)

Synthesis of poly (n-butyl acrylate) brushes on the surface of graphitic carbon nanofibers by atom transfer radical polymerization.. Li, L; Lukehart, CM, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 229, U1040-U1040 , (2005)

Synthesis of Pt-Mo/Carbon nanocomposites from single-source molecular precursors: A (1 : 1) PtMo/C PEMFC anode catalyst exhibiting CO tolerance. Kwiatkowski, KC; Milne, SB; Mukerjee, S; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF CLUSTER SCIENCE, 16, 251-272 , (2005)

Zirconium tungstate (ZrW2O8)/polyimide nanocomposites exhibiting reduced coefficient of thermal expansion. Sullivan, LM; Lukehart, CM, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 17, 2136-2141 , (2005)

Carbothermal transformation of a graphitic carbon nanofiber/silica aerogel composite to a SiC/silica nanocomposite. Lu, WJ; Steigerwalt, ES; Moore, JT; Sullivan, LM; Collins, WE; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 4, 803-808 , (2004)

Formation of graphitic carbon nanofiber (GCNF)/silica gel composites using surface-functionalized GCNFs and sol-gel processing. Li, J; Lukehart, CM, COMPOSITE INTERFACES, 11, 525-535 , (2004)

Graphitic carbon nanofiber (GCNF) polymer materials. I. GCNF epoxy monoliths using hexanediamine linker molecules. Zhong, WH; Li, J; Xu, LYR; Michel, JA; Sullivan, LM; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 4, 794-802 , (2004)

Mechanical property characterization of a polymeric nanocomposite reinforced by graphitic nanofibers with reactive linkers. Xu, LR; Bhamidipati, V; Zhong, WH; Li, J; Lukehart, CM; Lara-Curzio, E; Liu, KC; Lance, MJ, JOURNAL OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS, 38, 1563-1582 , (2004)

Preparation of Pt-Re/Vulcan carbon nanocomposites using a single-source molecular precursor and relative performance as a direct methanol fuel cell electrooxidation catalyst. Anderson, AD; Deluga, GA; Moore, JT; Vergne, MJ; Hercules, DM; Kenik, EA; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 4, 809-816 , (2004)

Surface attachment of bifunctional molecules to graphitic carbon nanofibers for GCNF/silica gel composites via sol-gel processing.. Li, J; Lukehart, CM, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 228, U806-U806 , (2004)

Surface functionalization of graphitic carbon nanofibers toward GCNF/polymer composites.. Li, J; Vergne, MJ; Zhong, WH; Hercules, DM; Xu, LR; Lukehart, CM, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 227, U1302-U1302 , (2004)

Synthesis and characterization of V2O3/silica xerogel nanocomposites.. Sullivan, LM; Lukehart, CM, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 227, U1455-U1455 , (2004)

Formation of Bi-Sb, Bi-Sn, and Bi-Sb-Sn nanoclusters in silica xerogel matrices from mixed-metal oxide precursors. Moore, JT; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF CLUSTER SCIENCE, 14, 75-83 , (2003)

Pt-Ru and Pt-Ru-P/carbon nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterization, and unexpected performance as direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) anode catalysts. King, WD; Corn, JD; Murphy, OJ; Boxall, DL; Kenik, EA; Kwiatkowski, KC; Stock, SR; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 107, 5467-5474 , (2003)

Rapid preparation of Pt-Ru/graphitic carbon nanofiber nanocomposites as DMFC anode catalysts using microwave processing. Steigerwalt, ES; Deluga, GA; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 3, 247-251 , (2003)

Synthesis and characterization of a Pt3Ru1/Vulcan carbon powder nanocomposite and reactivity as a methanol electrooxidation catalyst. Moore, JT; Corn, JD; Chu, D; Jiang, RZ; Boxall, DL; Kenik, EA; Lukehart, CM, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 15, 3320-3325 , (2003)

Hexagonally shaped Bi-Te nanocrystals and Bi or Bi-Te/ceramic nanocomposites of high metal loading from mixed-metal oxide precursors. Moore, JT; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, 12, 288-290 , (2002)

Preparation of graphitic carbon nanofibers with the use of water-soluble supports. Steigerwalt, ES; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 2, 25-28 , (2002)

Pt-Ru/carbon fiber nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterization, and performance as anode catalysts of direct methanol fuel cells. A search for exceptional performance. Steigerwalt, ES; Deluga, GA; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 106, 760-766 , (2002)

Synthesis and characterization of PtSn/carbon and Pt3Sn/carbon nanocomposites as methanol electrooxidation catalysts. Jones, FE; Milne, SB; Gurau, B; Smotkin, ES; Stock, SR; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 2, 81-87 , (2002)

Synthesis of PtSn/carbon nanocomposites using trans-PtCl(PEt3)2(SnCl3) as the source of metal. Boxall, DL; Kenik, EA; Lukehart, CM, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 14, 1715-1720 , (2002)

A Pt-Ru/graphitic carbon nanofiber nanocomposite exhibiting high relative performance as a direct-methanol fuel cell anode catalyst. Steigerwalt, ES; Deluga, GA; Cliffel, DE; Lukehart, CM, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 105, 8097-8101 , (2001)

Preparation of Bi and Bi alloy nanocomposites from mixed-metal gel precursors.. Moore, JT; Lukehart, CM, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 222, U631-U631 , (2001)

Preparation of Os/Carbon and Os1Pt1/Carbon nanocomposites as direct methanol fuel cell anode catalysts.. Moore, JT; Lukehart, CM; Deluga, G; Chu, D, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 222, U630-U630 , (2001)

Rapid synthesis of a Pt1Ru1/carbon nanocomposite using microwave irradiation: A DMFC anode catalyst of high relative performance. Boxall, DL; Deluga, GA; Kenik, EA; King, WD; Lukehart, CM, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 13, 891-900 , (2001)

Rapid synthesis of Pt or Pd/carbon nanocomposites using microwave irradiation. Boxall, DL; Lukehart, CM, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 13, 806-810 , (2001)


Phone: 615-322-2935
Email: charles.m.lukehart@vanderbilt.edu
Website: Click to Visit

 
Vanderbilt University