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Chapter 2: The Honor System

The Honor Code / The Honor Code Applied to Preparation of Papers / Tests, Examinations, and Other Exercises / Responsibility of the Individual Student / Undergraduate Honor Council / Undergraduate Honor Pledge / Student Advisers of Undergraduate Honor Council / Honor Educators / Faculty Advisers to Undergraduate Honor Council / Procedures of the Vanderbilt Honor Council / Withdrawal from the University Before Hearing / Confidentiality and Disqualification of Council Members / Undergraduate Honor Council Constitution and Bylaws

All students are required to acquaint themselves with the provisions of the Honor System through the information in this Handbook. Students may obtain further information from the dean of each school, from the Honor Council President at Vanderbilt University, VU #351601, 2301 Vanderbilt Place, Nashville, TN 37235-1601, telephone (615) 322-3056, from the Honor Council Web site, or from the Honor Council adviser. Graduate and professional students may obtain information from the office of the dean of their school or college.

Undergraduate students are subject to the jurisdiction of the Undergraduate Honor Council. The policies and procedures of the undergraduate Honor System stated in this Student Handbook apply to all students enrolled in undergraduate courses of all the schools and the Division of Unclassified Studies, whether full-time or part-time, or whether regularly enrolled, transients, or cross-registered from a neighbor institution.

Graduate and professional students are subject to the jurisdiction of the student body that implements the Honor System in the graduate and professional schools-School of Graduate Studies Honor Council, Student Honor Council of the School of Medicine, Honor Council of the Law School, Divinity School Honor Council, Honor Council of the School of Nursing, Owen Graduate School of Management Honor Council, and Peabody Honor Council (for students in professional programs at Peabody College). Graduate and professional students must check with their individual schools or advisers for further regulations beyond procedures cited in this Handbook, which may affect their studies and observances of Honor Codes.

The Vanderbilt Honor System was instituted in 1875 with the first final examinations administered by the University. Dean Madison Sarratt summarized the system as follows: "Let every individual who contemplates entering Vanderbilt University ask himself first this important question: Am I strong enough to give my word of honor and then live up to it in spite of every temptation that may arise? If you can answer this question in the affirmative, Vanderbilt University will welcome you and will promise the cooperation of every person here in helping you realize this ideal of integrity implied in your answer."

A student's personal integrity then, as now, was presumed to be sufficient assurance that in academic matters one did one's own work without unauthorized help from any other source. The Honor System is only one of the elements provided to Vanderbilt students with which each may develop creative thinking and intellectual maturity in a fair and balanced grading environment.

The Honor System presumes that all work submitted as part of academic requirements is the product of the student submitting it unless credit is given with proper footnoting and bibliographic techniques, or as prescribed by the course instructor.

When a student makes use of concepts or words from an outside source, whether in the form of a direct quotation or of paraphrase, credit must be given to the original source for each idea by footnote or other technique acceptable to the instructor. Failure to make such an acknowledgment constitutes plagiarism. (A comprehensive explanation of plagiarism is given, below, under the heading "The Honor Code Applied to Preparation of Papers.")

Faculty members do not routinely monitor tests and examinations to apprehend violators. Instructors who remain in examination rooms are there primarily to give assistance.

Students are responsible for obtaining from their professors an explanation of the freedom they may exercise in collaboration with other students or in use of outside sources, including:

* the student's own work prepared and submitted for another course;

* assignments that permit students to discuss the assignment or to collaborate, including during group study sessions;

* all limitations placed on take-home examinations, including use of class or outside materials or discussion with classmates;

* use of examinations or other materials from previous sections of the class; and

* use of Internet resources, including proper attribution.

In the event that a student does not obtain a clear definition of the application of the Honor Code from a professor in any class, the student must assume that the Honor Council will follow the strictest interpretation of the Honor Code with respect to that class.

Cheating, plagiarizing, or otherwise falsifying results of study is prohibited. The System applies not only to examinations, but also to all work handed in, such as papers, reports, solutions to problems, tapes, films, and computer programs, unless excepted by the instructor. The system also applies to any act that is fraudulent or intended to mislead the instructor, including falsifying records of attendance for class, for events for which attendance is required or for which class credit is given, or for internships or other work service.

Honor Code

Violations of the Honor Code are cause for disciplinary actions imposed by the appropriate honor council.

The following are included as violations:

* Falsifying or cheating on a report, paper, exercise, problem, test or examination, tape, film, or computer program submitted by a student to meet course requirements. Cheating includes the use of unauthorized aids (such as crib sheets, discarded computer programs, the aid of another person on a take-home exam, etc.); copying from another student's work; unauthorized use of books, notes, or other outside materials during "closed book" exams; soliciting, giving, and/or receiving unauthorized aid orally or in writing; or similar action contrary to the principles of academic honesty.

* Plagiarism on an assigned paper, theme, report, or other material submitted to meet course requirements. Plagiarism is defined as incorporating into one's own work the work or ideas of another without properly indicating that source. A full discussion of plagiarism and proper citation is provided in the section below.

* Failure to report a known or suspected violation of the Code in the manner prescribed.

* Any action designed to deceive a member of the faculty, a staff member, or a fellow student regarding principles contained in the Honor Code, such as securing an answer to a problem for one course from a faculty member in another course when such assistance has not been authorized.

* Any falsification of class records or other materials submitted to demonstrate compliance with course requirements or to obtain class credit, including falsifying records of class attendance, attendance at required events or events for which credit is given, or attendance or hours spent at internships or other work service.

* Submission of work prepared for another course without specific prior authorization of the instructors in both courses.

* Use of texts, papers, computer programs, or other classwork prepared by commercial or noncommercial agents and submitted as a student's own work.

* Falsification of results of study and research.

The Honor Code Applied to Preparation of Papers

* Papers are to express the original thoughts of the student. If a topic for a paper has been discussed fully among students prior to an assignment, then the students should consult the instructor about writing on that particular topic.

* Failure to indicate any outside source of ideas, expressions, phrases, or sentences constitutes plagiarism.

* A student may not submit papers substantially the same in content for credit in more than one course, without specific and prior permission of all instructors concerned.

Students often have trouble distinguishing between privileged information and common knowledge. An idea is often considered common knowledge if it is encountered at least three times in separate sources during one's research into a particular subject. (Reprints of one source do not constitute separate sources.)

Students should understand that sources of common knowledge can be plagiarized. Copying or close paraphrasing of the wording or presentation of a source of common knowledge constitutes plagiarism.

Students should realize that an act of plagiarism may include some degree of premeditation or may be the result of carelessness or ignorance of acceptable forms for citation. Regardless of intent or premeditation, the act is plagiarism and is a violation of the Honor Code. Students, therefore, must be conscious of their responsibilities as scholars under the Honor System, to learn to discern what is included in plagiarism as well as in other breaches of the Honor Code, and must know and practice the specifications for citations in scholarly work. The following examples illustrate the kinds of problems that can arise.

A student turned in a paper with the following paragraph:

"The characters in Othello are both allegorical and realistic at once. Characters like Iago and Desdemona are recognizable both as persons and at the same time devils, demigods and forces in nature. It is Shakespeare's achievement as an artist that he is capable of creating visions of life as people live it at the same time that he is able to understand life in terms of social and cosmic symbols. In this paper I will discuss the allegorical elements in the play, the skeleton of ideas and actions with which the characters give meaning to the play."

The instructor gave the paper to the Honor Council, citing this paragraph as evidence of plagiarism. The instructor presented the following paragraph from Introduction to "The Tragedy of Othello" by William Shakespeare, edited by Alvin Kernan. Copyright © 1963 by Alvin Kernan.

"Here is the essence of Shakespeare's art, an ability to create immediate, full and total life as men actually live and experience it; and yet at the same time to arrange this reality so that it gives substance to and derives shape from a formal vision of all life that comprehends and reaches back from man and nature through society and history to cosmic powers that operate through all time and space. His plays are both allegorical and realistic at once; his characters both recognizable men and at the same time devils, demigods and forces in nature. I have discussed only the more allegorical elements in Othello, the skeleton of ideas and formal patterns within which the characters must necessarily be understood. But it is equally true that the exact qualities of the abstract moral value and ideas, their full reality, exist only in the characters."

The instructor delineated four examples of plagiarism:

(1) A change in wording:

STUDENT: The characters in Othello are both allegorical and realistic at once. Characters like Iago and Desdemona are recognizable both as persons and at the same time, demigods, devils and forces in nature.

KERNAN: His plays are both allegorical and realistic at once; his characters both recognizable as men and at the same time devils, demigods and forces in nature.

The instructor explained that this is plagiarism because the ideas presented in both cases are the same, with the student adding only a few of his own words to alter Kernan's original phrasing.

(2) Use of a catchy word or phrase:

STUDENT: In this paper I will discuss the allegorical elements in the play, the skeleton of ideas and actions with which the characters give meaning to the play.

KERNAN: I have discussed only the more allegorical elements in the play, the skeleton of ideas and formal patterns within which the must necessarily be understood.

The instructor stated that this sentence constitutes plagiarism because the student used the catchy phrase "the skeleton of ideas." Again, the student retains Kernan's phrase and his ideas, changing only some of the wording.

(3) Undocumented paraphrasing:

STUDENT: It is Shakespeare's achievement as an artist that he is capable of creating visions of life as people live it at the same time that he is able to understand life in terms of social and cosmic symbols.

KERNAN: Here is the essence of Shakespeare's art, an ability to create immediate, full and total life as men actually live and experience it; and yet at the same time to arrange this reality so that it gives substance to and derives shape from a formal vision of all life that comprehends and reaches back from man and nature through society and history to cosmic powers that operate through all time and space.

This, the instructor said, was paraphrasing, and unless acknowledged, it is also an act of plagiarism. Students must clearly indicate each use of paraphrasing with a footnote or a reference technique suitable to the instructor.

(4) Word-for-word copying:

STUDENT: ...are both allegorical and realistic at once...recognizable...devils, demigods and forces in nature...the allegorical elements in the play, the skeleton of ideas ...

KERNAN: ...are both allegorical and realistic at once...recognizable...devils, demigods and forces in nature...the allegorical elements...the skeleton of ideas...

The instructor noted that had the student put Kernan's words in quotation marks and properly footnoted them, there would have been no offense.

Plagiarism extends to preparation materials as well. For example, should the student forget to note on research cards the source of material and then fail to footnote the source when the paper or report is prepared, the student is still committing a plagiaristic act. Not knowing how or when to footnote is not considered a sufficient excuse.

Proper Footnoting

Students are expected to follow the general rules of footnoting for each discipline. One footnote is not sufficient if additional material from the same source is included in a student's work. Footnotes should express the extent of ideas or expressions of others that are used. All direct quotes must be in quotation marks or in block quote format. Simply providing a footnote without using quotation marks or block quote format is a violation. For further information about footnoting, refer to A Manual for Writers by Kate L. Turabian or the MLA Style Sheet.

A general rule is: when in doubt, always footnote. The following rules outline a proper footnote form:

* Number footnotes consecutively throughout the paper in Arabic numerals.

* First references should include the following information in order given:

1. author's name (first name or initials listed first)

2. title of work (underlined, or in quotation marks if part of a book)

3. name of editor or translator

4. place and date of publication

5. volume number

6. page number(s)

* Subsequent references to works already cited should be abbreviated but clear.

* When it is not necessary to cite author and edition (e.g., in a discussion of an assigned text), page or line references may be incorporated within parentheses in the body of the paper. Proverbs, familiar quotations, line references for short poems or page references for standard works, such as the Bible, need not be acknowledged, unless the material cited appears only in the particular edition used.

All material found on websites or other Internet sources can and should be cited. Consult a citation manual or the course instructor for the appropriate form.

Examples of Footnotes

A Book

1Rene Wellek and Austin Warren, Theory of Literature (New York: Scribner's, 1949), p. 191.

An Article

1Raymond Gram Swing, "Father Coughlin: The Wonder of Self Discovery," The Nation, January 2, 1935, pp. 9-11.

2Swing, p. 12.

Any student uncertain about the application of the plagiarism and citation rules should consult the instructor. A student who plagiarizes out of ignorance is still guilty of an Honor Code violation

Tests, Examinations, and Other Exercises

Students are on their honor not to ask for or give information pertaining to any portion of an examination before or after they have taken it, in such a way as to gain or give an advantage over other students.

The written pledge (see also Undergraduate Honor Pledge) signifies that the work submitted is the student's own and that it has been completed in accordance with the requirements of the course as specified by the instructor. In addition, each student and faculty member is expected to establish a clear understanding of the requirements in each course.

Any student uncertain about the application of the pledge to a particular course requirement should always consult the instructor. The Honor pledge, or an abbreviation, should be included in all written work completed by the student and submitted for a grade. Any work handed in for credit, however, will be considered pledged unless otherwise stated by the professor.

Tips for Success:

* Students should read the course syllabus, and follow all policies, guidelines, or instructions outlined in the course syllabus

* Students should make sure that they are aware of any guidelines or restrictions on specific class assignments or examinations. Students should get any instructions from the instructor if they miss a class

* Students should ask their instructors before collaborating on any assignment with a classmate

* Students should ask their instructors if a tutor or other individual may help you with any assignment

* When unsure whether or not to cite a phrase or fact, students should cite

* Students should ask their instructors or consult a citation manual to learn how to cite online sources

* If an instructor tells students not to use outside sources, they should not (and should not take the instruction as an excuse not to cite sources if they are used)

* Students should ask their instructors before sharing lab reports, results, or other data with classmates or a lab partner

* Students should ask their instructors before reviewing tests administered for the same course in a previous semester

* Students should not turn in an assignment from a previous course without the permission of both instructors involved

* Students should not assume that whatever they are doing is okay. If they cannot say with complete certainty that any particular conduct is permissible, they need to consult the course instructor

Responsibility of the Individual Student

Without the support and cooperation of the entire student body, the Honor System will not work. Students must insist on the absolute integrity of themselves and their fellow students. It is the obligation of every student who suspects an honor violation to take action in one of the following ways, determining the choice of action by the flagrancy and/or certainty of the violation.

If a student has reason to suspect that a breach of the Honor Code has been committed, he or she must:

1. Issue a personal warning to the suspect, or

2. Report the incident to the Honor Council for action by the president, or

3. Inform the instructor in the course of the suspicions and identify, if possible, the person(s) suspected.

Undergraduate Honor Council

The Honor Council is an organization of students that seeks to preserve the integrity of the Honor Code at Vanderbilt University. It aims to secure justice for any student under suspicion of dishonesty, to vindicate his or her name if innocent, and, if guilty, to protect the honor and standing of the remaining students by his or her punishment as set forth in the bylaws (from the constitution of the Undergraduate Honor Council).

The members of the Honor Council are selected from all the classes in all the undergraduate schools. Members are chosen by a joint system of a student committee and class elections. All Honor Council representatives must maintain at least a C average.

The Honor Council elects its own officers during the last general body meeting of the fall semester. The officers include a president, two vice-presidents, two recording secretaries, a corresponding secretary, and a public affairs officer. The president must have served for at least one full year as a member of the Honor Council.

Summer Council: Each spring the regularly selected Honor Council has the authority to transfer jurisdiction over all infractions of the Honor System during the summer session to the Summer Council, which has the same authority as the regular Honor Council. The Summer Honor Council's procedures are described in Article V of the Honor Council bylaws.

Undergraduate Honor Pledge

The pledge to be signed on all tests, quizzes, and similar work is: "I pledge my honor that I have neither given nor received aid on this examination."

All students are subject to the jurisdiction of the Honor Council. Examinations must be taken in intact blue books or on test materials designated by the professor.

Any student taking a course or courses in the College of Arts and Science, Peabody College, the School of Engineering, or Blair School of Music, regardless of where registered, is to this extent under the jurisdiction of the Honor Council and subject to any penalties it may impose.

Student Advisers of Undergraduate Honor Council

Student advisers are appointed by the Honor Council. An adviser is appointed for each accused student to explain the procedures of the Honor Council regarding investigations and hearings and the penalties that may be assigned. Advisers do not investigate cases or sit on hearing panels. The accused student's adviser may attend all meetings that the accused student may have with investigators. The adviser may also be present in the hearing room with the accused student; however, the adviser may not question witnesses or address the panel. The adviser's role in a hearing is to provide support to the accused student as well as advice and information regarding hearing procedures and the Honor Code.

A list of advisers will be given to the accused student, and he or she may also select one other than the one assigned by the Council to serve as adviser during the investigation, hearing, and appeal. The accused may also select an individual not on the list from the University community: faculty, staff, or student. However, current Honor Council members or persons with formal legal training are not eligible to serve as advisers.

An adviser may also answer questions about the Honor Code or help students understand responsibilities under the Code. If a student is not sure what constitutes a violation or does not understand what actions to take after witnessing a violation, an adviser may help. Student advisers may vote in Honor Council elections and on amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws.

Honor Educators

In order to instill a spirit of integrity and to define behavior that is acceptable among Vanderbilt students, the Honor Council appoints Honor Educators. Educators serve the Vanderbilt community and foster a positive learning experience. Their primary objective is to educate students regarding the Honor Code policies and sanctions. Since complete understanding of the Code as it applies to course work is difficult to achieve without experience, Honor Educators promote discussion and reflection for Vanderbilt undergraduates throughout their four years at the University. Educators articulate both the letter and the spirit of the Honor Code through presentations, campaigns and discussion forums as well as through informal meetings with students and faculty members. Educators encourage students not only to follow the Code, but also to take pride in the high academic standards of their institution. All Honor Educators will have served at least one year as an Honor Council member or adviser before they may be selected to serve as an Honor Educator.

Faculty Advisers to Undergraduate Honor Council

Thirty faculty members appointed by the Chancellor make up the Board of Faculty Advisers. One faculty member serves as chair. The chair or the Honor Council Adviser assigns one faculty adviser to attend every hearing. In a full panel hearing, the faculty adviser may ask questions and participate in the discussion but does not have a vote in the outcome. The faculty advisers do have a vote in the outcome of a small panel hearing. After the hearing, he or she submits a written report.

At year's end, the Honor Council officers and the Board of Faculty Advisers may meet to review and discuss the cases decided that year. The Board of Faculty Advisers or the Honor Council Adviser may submit a report of the year's events to the Faculty Senate.

Procedures of the Vanderbilt Honor Council

Investigation

1. When an alleged violation of the Honor Code is reported to the first vice president of the Honor Council, he or she will immediately appoint two investigators.

2. The investigators shall interview, without undue delay, the accuser, and later, persons other than the accused who might have been a part of, or witness to, the alleged violation. They will collect all available physical evidence. Having assembled their findings, they will prepare a statement of the charge against the accused.

3. The statement includes, in addition to the specific charge, an explanation of the possible consequences if the accused student is found guilty of a breach of the Vanderbilt Honor Code. This statement must be prepared in duplicate, one for the accused and one for the Honor Council's files.

4. The investigators shall meet with the accused, explain that they are there on Honor Council business, present him or her with the written statement of charges, and give the accused a copy of the Honor System procedures set forth in the Student Handbook. The accused is required to respond to the investigators' inquiries within a reasonable period of time, and the Honor Council may send a notice to the Registrar's office to enter an Incomplete on the accused's transcript, along with the notation "Honor Council investigation pending," if the accused is not compliant or if the investigation or hearing will continue past the end of the semester. The accused will be informed at the meeting with the investigator of all the available evidence in the case and of the procedures that will be followed.

5. The investigators will ask the accused to sign the Statement of Charges indicating that he or she understands the charge, possible penalties if found guilty, and the procedures to be followed. Signing the Statement of Charges does not imply or acknowledge guilt.

6. The investigators will ask the accused to explain his or her own account of the events surrounding the alleged violation. The accused may choose not to make any statement at the time of the first meeting, but rather to defer making any statement until an agreed upon time prior to the hearing.

7. The investigators will inform the accused of his or her right to obtain material witnesses. The accused is required to notify the investigators of the witness(es) before the hearing has been scheduled so that the investigators may contact the witness(es) and prepare a statement for inclusion in the investigative report. No witness will be allowed to testify at the hearing unless he or she has previously given a statement to the investigators. The investigators will also inform the accused student of his or her right to obtain one character witness to testify at the hearing. The investigators will not interview the character witness and it is the responsibility of the accused student to notify the character witness of the time and place of the hearing and to ensure his or her attendance. In addition, the accused may have one faculty, student, or staff adviser, who may not have had formal legal training, present with him or her during the presentation of testimony, and who may speak with the accused, but who may not speak directly with Honor Council members on the hearing panel. An accused may obtain professional legal representation, advice, and counsel. However, an attorney may not participate in or be present during an Honor Council interview or hearing. The Honor Council is a student tribunal untrained in the law. An attorney representing an accused is encouraged to work directly with the Office of the General Counsel.

8. The investigators should explain the procedures of the hearing in full detail to each witness and the accused. They should explain to the accused the importance of honesty in the proceedings and inform him or her that he or she will be called on to enter a plea of guilt or innocence. The investigators will also inform each as to the place and time of the hearing; however, the accused student is responsible for arranging the attendance of his or her character witness. The hearing should not be held earlier than seventy-two hours after the investigators initially have met with the accused unless an earlier time is agreed to by the accused.

9. The investigators are to arrange any details necessary for conducting the hearing, such as reserving rooms where the witnesses and the accused may be placed during the hearing.

10. The investigators will assemble the evidence and testimony in a concise, logical report. At least twenty-four hours before the hearing, the accused student will be presented with a copy of the investigators' report so that he or she may comment at the hearing on any corrections or clarifications the accused student feels are necessary or appropriate.

11. The investigators will provide the investigative report to the president of the Honor Council, who will determine whether sufficient evidence exists to warrant a hearing by the Council. If the president determines that a hearing is necessary, he or she will also determine whether the charges will be heard by a large panel or a small panel.* If the student pleads not guilty or if the student has a previous Honor Council conviction, a large panel hearing is required. Guilty pleas typically will be heard by small panels, unless substantial factual issues exist or the violation is sufficiently serious that a penalty greater than one semester suspension may be appropriate. Cases involving more than one student must be heard by a large panel if one of the students involved pleads not guilty.

*Please Note: Although a student who admits guilt during an investigation has the right to request a small panel hearing, since a decision by a small panel must be unanimous, and since the president of the Honor Council is a member of the small panel, the president may determine that a case should be referred for a full panel hearing without the necessity of a small panel hearing.

Large Panel Hearing

Prehearing

A twelve-member hearing panel (consisting of the president and eleven members appointed by the president) will hear the evidence in the case. The hearing panel conducts a prehearing to determine whether there is sufficient evidence to justify conducting a full hearing. The accused student will be present during the prehearing; the accused student and the investigators will then leave the hearing room while the panel votes on whether to proceed.

1. Presentation of investigator's report.

a. Investigators are sworn in by the second vice-president.

b. Evidence is presented: the interviews with witnesses are reported briefly and impartially; the material evidence is presented and explained without opinion.

c. The investigators read the statement of charges issued to the accused and any statement written by the accused.

d. The Honor Council may question the investigators. At no time do the investigators express their opinion(s) concerning the guilt or innocence of the accused.

2. Determination whether to proceed to hearing. By simple majority vote, the Honor Council decides whether or not there is sufficient evidence to conduct a hearing.

Hearing

1. Testimony. The accused student is allowed to be present during the presentation of all testimony. The accuser is allowed to be present during the testimony of the accused student and any material witnesses. If the accuser and witnesses are to testify in person (as opposed to through written documents), they will appear separately and await their appearances alone. When called, each (with the exception of the character witness) is sworn in by the second vice president.

a. Accuser. If the accuser testifies in person, the president will invite a general account of the events in question. Then the Honor Council may direct its questions to the accuser. The investigators may question the accuser, waiting until the Honor Council has concluded its questioning, to clarify points that may have been obscured. In the case of the accuser's absence, the Honor Council will proceed to the testimony of the witness(es) and/or the accused student.

b. Material Witnesses. First, the president invites a general account of the events in question. Then the Honor Council may direct its questions to the witness. The investigators may question material witnesses, waiting until the Honor Council has concluded its questioning, to clarify points that may have been obscured.

c. Character Witness. One character witness may answer questions concerning the background of the accused. A character witness is not allowed to testify or express an opinion concerning the alleged offense. Discretion will be exercised to avoid questions that a character witness is not allowed to answer.

d. Accused Student. The president presents to the accused the charges and asks if he or she is familiar with the charges, the evidence, and the possible penalties if found guilty. The accused student enters his or her plea of guilt or innocence. The president asks the accused to state his or her account of the events in question. At this time, discrepancies in testimony, contradictions, and specific charges are brought forth. The president should detail the facts and charges in light of the testimony that has been introduced in support of the charges. The investigators may question the accused, waiting until the Honor Council has concluded its questioning, to clarify points that may have been obscured.

2. Recall. Witnesses may be recalled if the Honor Council so desires.

3. Deliberations Regarding Guilt. When the Honor Council is satisfied that all pertinent testimony has been received, the accused student, the student adviser, and the investigators leave the hearing room so that the panel may deliberate. The panel will proceed to discuss and decide the question of guilt or innocence. The proof that a person is guilty of a charge must be clear and convincing to the Honor Council. Ten of the twelve members must vote "guilty" to find the accused guilty. Investigators do not vote.

4. Deliberations Regarding Sanction. If the accused is found guilty, the Honor Council determines a fitting penalty based upon (a) the flagrancy of the violation, (b) premeditation involved in the offense, (c) the truthfulness of the accused throughout the investigation and the hearing, and (d) whether the accused intended to violate the Honor Code, if relevant. The first three factors are ranked on a scale of low, medium, or high. The intent to gain an unfair advantage is not ranked, but only determined to be present or absent. The presumptive sanction for a first offense is failure in the course. The presumptive penalty for a second offense is expulsion.

When asserting that a lesser penalty is appropriate due to lack of intent to gain an unfair advantage, the student will bear the burden of demonstrating that the violation of the Code was not intentional. The panel will take into account the circumstances surrounding the incident and whether they are consistent with the student's testimony claiming lack of intent.

When the absence of intent is based on ignorance of the applicable rules or standards, such as a lack of understanding of plagiarism or citation rules or the student's failure to obtain a clear definition of the application of the Honor Code from the professor, the panel should also consider the degree of fault on the part of the student when determining the appropriate sanction. If the student's ignorance was unreasonable, a penalty lower than the presumptive sanction should not be approved.

The sanctions of Reprimand or Reprimand plus recommendation of failure on the assignment must be approved by a vote of at least nine of the twelve panel members. In rare circumstances, the panel may suspend the presumptive sanction; suspension of the sanction must be approved by a vote of at least ten or the twelve panel members. Expulsion must be approved by a vote of at least ten of the twelve panel members; all other penalties require only a simple majority vote of the twelve members.

If, at the discretion of the Honor Council president, mitigating circumstances exist with regard to the commission of the violation in question, then the president may introduce those circumstances to be considered in the discussion of penalty. Such circumstances may not relate to the possible ramifications of the panel's decision.

5. Decision. The accused, student adviser, and investigators are brought back into the hearing room for presentation of the Honor Council's decision. After stating the decision, the president (and others) may talk with the accused. At this time it should also be explained to the accused that he or she has the right of appeal.

Small Panel Hearing

During the course of an investigation, an accused student who wishes to plead guilty may request a small panel hearing of his or her case. A case may proceed to a small panel hearing only if no facts surrounding the violation are in dispute and if the president determines that the likely penalty involves no more than one major semester suspension. A guilty plea does not guarantee that the case will proceed to a small panel. If there are two or more students involved in a single case, all must plead guilty and request a small panel hearing in order for one to be conducted. If one of the accused students requests a small panel hearing and others do not, a full hearing must be conducted for all the students involved.

If an accused student informs the investigators that he or she would prefer a small panel hearing, the investigators will inform the Honor Council president of the accused student's request. The president will review the investigative report and determine whether a small panel hearing would be appropriate. If a small panel would be appropriate, a date, time, and location will be chosen for the hearing.

A small panel will comprise the Honor Council president or another member of the Honor Council Executive Board, one other Honor Council member, and a member of the Board of Faculty Advisers. At the hearing, the three panel members will be present, along with the investigators, the accused student, his or her adviser, and a character witness for the accused if he or she so desires.

1. Investigators. The investigators will first present their report and any pertinent evidence; material witnesses may be called to testify if necessary. After the evidence has been presented, the investigators may answer any questions from the panel members.

2. Character Witness. If the accused student desires the support of a character witness, the witness will testify before the accused student speaks.

3. Accused Student. At the conclusion of the investigators' report, the accused student will be given the opportunity to describe the events in question. Panel members will then have an opportunity to question the accused student about his or her testimony and the evidence before them.

4. Deliberations Regarding Penalty. At the conclusion of all questioning, the panel will adjourn for a discussion of penalty. The appropriate penalty will be assigned on the basis of four criteria: (a) flagrancy of the violation, (b) premeditation involved in the offense, (c) truthfulness of the student throughout the investigation and the hearing, and (d) whether the accused intended to violate the Honor Code, if relevant. The first three factors are ranked on a scale of low, medium, or high. The intent to gain an unfair advantage is not ranked, but only determined to be present or absent.

When asserting that a lesser penalty is appropriate due to lack of intent to gain an unfair advantage, the student will bear the burden of demonstrating that the violation of the Code was not intentional. The panel will take into account the circumstances surrounding the incident and whether they are consistent with the student's testimony claiming lack of intent.

When the absence of intent is based on ignorance of the applicable rules or standards, such as a lack of understanding of plagiarism or citation rules or the student's failure to obtain a clear definition of the application of the Honor Code from the professor, the panel should also consider the degree of fault on the part of the student when determining the appropriate sanction. If the student's ignorance was unreasonable, a penalty lower than the presumptive sanction should not be approved.

If, at the discretion of the Honor Council president, mitigating circumstances exist with regard to the commission of the violation in question, then the president may introduce those circumstances to be considered in the discussion of penalty. Such circumstances may not relate to the possible ramifications of the panel's decision.

At the conclusion of the discussion, a penalty will be assigned by the panel. A small panel can assign a penalty no greater than failure in the course and suspension for one semester. In rare circumstances, the panel may suspend the presumptive penalty of failure in the course. Each penalty requires a unanimous vote of the panel. In the event that the panel cannot reach a unanimous decision or the small panel concludes that the penalty should be more severe than prescribed above, the case is sent to a full panel hearing.

5. Decision. The accused student will be informed of the small panel's decision.

Attendance of the Hearing by the Accused Student

All students, including the accused student, are required to cooperate with investigations and at hearings conducted by the Honor Council. In the event an accused student refuses to participate in, or cooperate with, an Honor Council investigation or hearing, the hearing may take place without the participation of the accused student. All reasonable efforts will be made to inform the accused student of the time and place of the hearing and the results of that proceeding. In addition, the accused student may inform the Council that he or she will not attend the hearing and submit a written statement regarding the charges.

After the Hearing

1. At the conclusion of the hearing, the Honor Council president will gather all the material evidence, investigative reports, notes, and other records of the investigation and hearing and place them on file in the Office of Student Conduct and Academic Integrity

2. If the accused is found guilty or pleads guilty, written notice of the decision is sent to the following parties: (a) the accused, (b) the dean of the school in which he or she is enrolled, (c) the registrar of the school in which he or she is enrolled, (d) the University registrar and assistant registrar, and (e) other relevant University administrators when suspension or expulsion from the University is involved. A copy of the notice also will be placed in the Honor Council files maintained by the Honor Council Adviser in the Office of Student Conduct and Academic Integrity.

3. A summary of the proceedings will then be prepared by a member of the Honor Council Executive Board.

4. The accused student may file an appeal from a large or small panel decision with the Honor Council adviser or the adviser's designee, but must do so within ten class or exam days of the hearing date or within two calendar weeks if school is not in session for ten days after notification. Requests for extensions of time must be submitted to the Honor Council Adviser prior to the end of this time period. The appeal petition will be sent to the Chair of the Appellate Review Board who will determine if there are sufficient grounds for an appeal based on the criteria delineated in the appeal procedures. If the Chair affirms that there is sufficient reason for an appeal, the student's petition is sent to the Honor Council president who will draft a response to the student's appeal upon receipt of the appeal from the Honor Council adviser's office. This response will be sent to the accused student for review and additional written comment or reply if he or she wishes. The appeal, the Honor Council response, the student's reply or additional comments, and copies of all appropriate evidence are then sent to the Appellate Review Board. (For more information on grounds for appeal and the procedures of the Appellate Review Board, see the discussion of "Appeals" in Chapter 7 of the Student Handbook.)

5. Records of Honor Council proceedings and investigations are maintained by the Honor Council Adviser in the Office of Student Conduct and Academic Integrity. Records of convictions and penalties will not be released outside the University absent a written release from the convicted student or unless otherwise required by law in accordance with the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). However, students should be aware that they may be required to sign such a waiver when applying to graduate or professional schools or in the course of any employment or governmental background check. If a student receives failure in the course as a sanction, the student may retake the course (in accordance with the rules of the student's school or college) and replace the failure in his or her GPA. However, the original failure will continue to appear on the student's transcript (although nothing will appear on the transcript indicating that the failure was attributable to an Honor Council conviction).

Withdrawal from the University Before Hearing

If a student who has been reported for a suspected violation of the Honor Code withdraws from the University before a hearing has been conducted, the fact will be recorded by the Honor Council. A letter will be sent to the accused stating that he or she is suspected of an Honor Code violation, that an investigation has been or will be conducted, and that a hearing may be held.

The accused may respond in one of three ways: return to the campus for a hearing, waive the right to give testimony personally, thereby acknowledging that the hearing may proceed in his or her absence, or waive the right to appear and send a written, signed statement to be presented on his or her behalf at the hearing. Failure by the accused to respond will be considered a waiver of the right to appear.

During the time prior to the hearing, a notation will be placed on the transcript of the accused stating that an Honor Council case is pending. A letter will also be sent to the University registrar and to the registrar of the school in which the accused was enrolled indicating that an Honor Council case is pending. If the accused attempts to re-enroll before the case is heard, the registrar will notify the president of the Honor Council. The case must be resolved before the accused may re-enroll.

If a case cannot be heard before the end of the grading period, the instructor will submit a grade of "I" until the Honor Council can act on the matter. A notation will be placed on the transcript of the accused stating that an Honor Council case is pending.

Confidentiality and Disqualification of Council Members

1. During the investigation and throughout the entire course of the Honor Council's proceedings, Honor Council members must express no opinion concerning the offense to witnesses, the accused, or members of the community at large.

2. Council members and investigators may not participate in cases where their relationship with the accused, the accuser, or a material witness raises a reasonable inference of prejudice on their part. Examples of such relationships include close friendship, kinship, Greek, club or other organizational affiliation, or evidence of past prejudice.

3. Council members are not allowed to serve as character witnesses in any cases.

Undergraduate Honor Council Constitution and Bylaws

CONSTITUTION

(Adopted by the Student Body, May 23, 1945; amended April 27, 1949; May 15, 1957; February 11, 1959; March 14, 1962; April 26, 1967; January 28, 1971; March 3, 1971; March 8, 1972; October, 1974; April, 1975; February 28, 1978; September 25, 1979; February 24, 1981; January 8, 1986; January 14, 1988; January 8, 1990; February 25, 1997; December 13, 2000; and February 16, 2001.)

All academic work at Vanderbilt University is conducted under the Honor Code. For the successful operation of the honor system, the cooperation of the whole student body is essential. It is the duty of each member of the student body to show his or her appreciation of the trust placed in him or her under this system, not alone by his or her own conduct, but by his or her insistence on the absolute honesty of others in his or her class. It should be a point of honor among the various classes to hold their members to the standard of the University, and all students should be ready to report to the Honor Council anyone who may violate this trust, immediately and without discrimination. For the purpose of encouraging honesty and investigating cases of alleged dishonesty on the part of the students, an Honor Council is established with the following Constitution.

ARTICLE I

Name

The name of the council shall be the Undergraduate Honor Council of Vanderbilt University. The Undergraduate Honor Council of Vanderbilt University shall hereinafter be referred to as the Honor Council.

ARTICLE II

Purpose

The Honor Council is an organization of students that seeks to preserve the integrity of the Honor Code at Vanderbilt University. It aims to secure justice for any student under suspicion of dishonesty, to vindicate his or her name if innocent, and, if guilty, to protect the honor and standing of the remaining students by his or her punishment as shall be set forth in the Bylaws. It proposes to do this in accordance with the procedures, rules, and organization hereinafter set forth.

ARTICLE III

Scope

Section 1. The Honor Council shall take cognizance of the giving or receiving of aid by any student without the knowledge or consent of the instructor concerned.

This applies to all tests, themes, term papers, and examinations, and to any other work unless specifically designated by an instructor not to be under the Honor Code.

Section 2. Any student taking a course or courses in the College of Arts and Science, Peabody College, the School of Engineering, or Blair School of Music, regardless of where registered, is, to this extent, under the jurisdiction of the Honor Council and subject to any penalties it may impose.

Section 2. The following pledge shall be signed on all work: "I pledge my honor that I have neither given nor received aid on this examination."

ARTICLE IV

Membership and Elections

Section 1. The membership of the Honor Council shall normally consist of fifty representatives and seven officers. At the beginning of each academic year, the representatives shall be as follows:

Arts and Science

Five representatives from the senior class

Fifteen representatives from the junior class

Ten representatives from the sophomore class

Peabody

One representative from the senior class

Three representatives from the junior class

Two representatives from the sophomore class

Engineering

Two representatives from the senior class

Five representatives from the junior class

Three representatives from the sophomore class

Blair

One representative from the senior class

One representative from the junior class

One representative from the sophomore class

In addition to the fifty representatives provided for above, membership of the Honor Council shall also include those representatives who have completed their two-year terms on the Honor Council in good standing and who have chosen to serve one final year on the Honor Council.

Section 2. In January of each year, immediately following the election of new officers, representatives shall be either elected or appointed, as the case may be, from among the schools as follows:

(i) In the spring of each year the public affairs officer shall announce that applications for the Honor Council may be submitted by any member of the undergraduate student body qualified to hold office.

(ii) A committee consisting of the newly elected president, the immediate past president, and the Honor Council adviser (or the adviser's designee), shall evaluate those members of the undergraduate student body who have applied for membership on the Honor Council. The committee shall present to the Honor Council's public affairs officer a list of not more than 23 sophomores, i.e., rising juniors (12 Arts and Science, 4 Peabody, 2 Blair, and 5 Engineering), and 19 freshmen, i.e., rising sophomores (11 Arts and Science, 3 Peabody, 2 Blair, and 3 Engineering). The public affairs officer shall immediately schedule an election publicizing the names of the candidates recommended by the committee for the purpose of electing representatives.

(iii) An election shall be held to select 15 representatives (8 Arts and Science, 3 Peabody, 1 Blair, and 3 Engineering) from the sophomore class and 13 representatives (7 Arts and Science, 2 Peabody, 2 Blair, and 2 Engineering) from the freshman class.

(iv) Candidates must receive votes from a minimum of 20 percent of the voting student body in order to be elected to the Honor Council. If there is not a sufficient number of candidates elected to fill the available positions on the Honor Council, the committee shall fill such vacant positions based upon the committee's previous evaluation process.

(v) An Honor Council member must maintain an overall C average to remain eligible to serve on the Honor Council.

ARTICLE V

Vacancies

At the end of the first full year of an Honor Council member's term, he/she will have the option to resign his/her membership.

In case a vacancy occurs on the Honor Council, it shall be filled at the next scheduled selection. The person selected will serve only for the unexpired term.

ARTICLE VI

Officers

The Honor Council shall elect from its number the following officers:

* A president, who must be either a junior or a senior and shall have served one year previously as a member of the Honor Council;

* Two vice presidents;

* Two recording secretaries;

* A corresponding secretary; and

* A public affairs officer.

Both men and women may be represented in these offices.

ARTICLE VII Duties of Officers

Section 1. It shall be the duty of the president to preside at all meetings of the Honor Council, to arrange for the hearing of any student accused, and to perform all duties common to this office, including preparing and submitting an annual summary of the year's events to the Faculty Senate. The president shall administer the new members the following oath:

"I do solemnly promise to uphold the Constitution and Bylaws of the Honor Council and to perform the duties of my office to the best of my ability."

Section 2. The first vice president shall supervise all investigations.

Section 3. The second vice president shall administer to all witnesses and accused the following pledge: "I, ____, will tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth in relation to the inquiry about which I am to give evidence."

Section 4. The recording secretaries shall keep full minutes of all meetings and the proceedings of all hearings. They must be kept in permanent files.

Section 5. The corresponding secretary shall notify members of all hearings, meetings, and retreats and perform any other related duties.

Section 6. The public affairs officer shall be responsible for publishing at least twice a semester in the campus newspapers a report of recent Honor Council decisions, coordinating the selection of new members, and carrying out all related duties.

ARTICLE VIII

Board of Faculty Advisers

Section 1. The Chancellor shall appoint a board of advisers to advise the Honor Council during hearings and investigations.

Section 2. The board of advisers shall consist of 30 faculty members who shall serve at the pleasure of the Chancellor.

Section 3. The board shall elect its own chair who shall be responsible for coordinating and assigning all duties in consultation with the president of the Honor Council.

Section 4. The chair of the board, along with the president of the Honor Council, shall mail an annual report to the Faculty Senate on the status of the Honor System.

ARTICLE IX

Meetings

Section 1. Regular meetings of the Honor Council shall be held at the discretion of the president.

Section 2. It shall be the duty of each Honor Council member to attend all meetings and hearings as requested. Each member is entitled to a number of absences; the president shall set this number.

Section 3. All meetings shall be conducted according to Robert's Rules of Order, Newly Revised.

ARTICLE X

Quorum

Two-thirds of the members then serving shall always constitute a quorum of the Honor Council, except in case of a hearing, when twelve members shall constitute a quorum.

ARTICLE XI

Hearings

Section 1. No one shall be competent to sit on the Honor Council if he or she is related by blood or marriage to an accused, or is a member of the same fraternity or sorority as the accused. The Honor Council may, by a majority vote, declare any member incompetent for other grounds.

Section 2. All cases shall be heard privately.

Section 3. All hearings shall require the presence of a member of the board of advisers to proceed. This faculty member shall file a written report with the secretary and chair of the board of advisers after each hearing.

Section 4. In case of a hearing, the verdict shall be "guilty" or "not guilty," and ten votes out of the twelve shall be necessary to convict the accused. The presiding officer must vote in all decisions. Written notice of the decision will be sent to the accused, the registrar of the school in which he or she is enrolled, the University registrar, the instructor concerned, and, with the permission of the accused, the parents, and the accuser not later than two days after the hearing has been held. Also, a copy must be kept in the permanent files of the Honor Council. Announcement of the facts and results of the case shall be made in the Hustler, but any facts which might tend to identify the student or students involved shall be withheld.

Section 5. The president may appoint a faculty member as an expert witness.

Section 6. All business conducted on investigations, hearings, business meetings, retreats, and other official Honor Council functions shall be held in strictest confidence among the members of the Honor Council. In addition, all information concerning investigations and hearings shall be so held by the individual members of the Honor Council then present; they may not discuss this information with other persons, including other Council members who are not on that particular case. However, information of a nonconfidential nature may be made available by the Honor Council president to the student body through the campus newspaper, radio station, et cetera.

ARTICLE XII

Small Panel Hearing

Section 1. In the event that an accused student admits guilt during an investigation, that student shall have the right to request a small-panel hearing rather than the regular panel hearing.

Section 2. A small-panel hearing shall consist of a member of the board of advisers, the president of the Honor Council, and one additional member chosen by the president.

Section 3. Any decision reached by the panel must be unanimous. If the panel is unable to reach a unanimous decision, the case must be referred to a full hearing.

Section 4. If the panel decides that the penalty for the accused student should be more severe than suspension for one semester or that consideration by the regular panel is desirable, the case should be referred to a full hearing.

ARTICLE XIII

Impeachment

The Honor Council shall have the power to impeach, suspend, or otherwise discipline its own members as shall be prescribed in the Bylaws.

ARTICLE XIV

Awareness

Each new student entering the University will be informed by the Honor Council as to the functions of the honor system and his or her obligations to the Honor Code and will be provided with a copy of the Constitution and Bylaws of the Honor Council on request and will be bound by the honor system upon registration.

ARTICLE XV

Miscellaneous Provisions

Section 1. In case a student withdraws from the University after a charge has been made against him or her by another student or by the Honor Council and before the hearing, the facts shall be recorded by the Honor Council just as if the accused had been present. The president will place a notation on the transcript of the accused, who will not be allowed to reenter the University until he or she has had a hearing before the Honor Council. Notice of such hearings will be sent to the student at his or her home or other known address.

ARTICLE XVI

Amendments

Amendments to this constitution shall require for their adoption the approval of two-thirds of the total membership of the Honor Council and ratification by a majority of the voting student body.

BYLAWS

ARTICLE I

Responsibility of Students

If a student has reason to suspect that a breach of the Honor Code has been committed, he or she must:

1. Issue a personal warning to the suspect, or

2. Report the incident to the Honor Council for action to the acting president:

a. An official warning will be issued by the Honor Council to the suspect.

b. An investigation will be held by the Honor Council, or

3. Inform the instructor in the course of the suspicions and identify, if possible, the person(s) suspected.

ARTICLE II

Investigations

The first vice-president shall appoint a committee of two or three members to investigate each case and report its findings to the Honor Council. In case of a hearing, this committee shall present evidence to the Honor Council and shall be ineligible to serve as members of the Honor Council in this case. The president shall decide whether or not there is sufficient evidence to hold a hearing on the case in question. In all cases, the reporting party shall be notified fully of he Honor Council's action.

ARTICLE III

Penalties

Penalties given to those declared guilty will be decided upon by the Honor Council and shall conform to the limits herein set forth:

1. For the first offense and any succeeding offenses of any undergraduate student, the penalty may include Honor Council Reprimand, a recommendation to the instructor that the student fail the assignment or examination at issue, failure in the course, suspension, or expulsion. The presumptive sanction for a first offense shall be failure in the course.

Reprimand or Reprimand plus recommendation of failure on the assignment must be approved by a vote of at least nine of the twelve panel members. Expulsion must be approved by a vote of at least ten of the twelve panel members. Other penalties require only a majority vote of the twelve members. The guidelines that should be considered in deciding the penalty are the following: the flagrancy of the violation, the degree of premeditation, intent to gain an unfair advantage, and the truthfulness of the accused throughout the investigation and the hearing.

When asserting that a lesser penalty is appropriate due to lack of intent to gain an unfair advantage, the student will bear the burden of demonstrating that the violation of the Code was not intentional. When the absence of intent is based upon a lack of understanding of plagiarism or citation rules or the student's failure to obtain a clear definition of the application of the Honor Code from the professor, the panel should also consider the degree of negligence on the part of the student when determining the appropriate sanction.

A student who is suspended by the Honor Council will have a note attached to his or her transcript indicating this action. At the end of the period of suspension, the note will be removed from the transcript, and letters to the University registrar and the registrar of the school in which the student was enrolled at the time of the violation will be removed from the student's files in those offices and placed in the permanent Honor Council files in the office of the Honor Council adviser.

The presumptive sanction for a student previously found guilty of an Honor Code violation is expulsion. The minimum penalty for a student found guilty a second time is suspension for at least one major semester.

2. If the presiding officer questions whether a penalty for a violation of the Honor Code is warranted under the particular circumstances of the case, he or she may open discussion among members concerning suspension of the penalty. The Honor Council may, by a vote of ten out of twelve members, elect to suspend the penalty. However, suspension of the sentence shall in no way serve to alter the finding of guilt under the Code.

3. Failure to cooperate with the Honor Council in providing information about an alleged offense shall constitute a conduct violation. If a personal warning is not issued, failure to report a known or suspected violation of the Honor Code shall also constitute a conduct violation.

ARTICLE IV

Impeachment

Any undergraduate student may bring a charge to impeach, suspend, or otherwise discipline members of the Honor Council for negligent or incompetent performance of their responsibilities as Honor Council members by contacting an Honor Council officer. Officers of the Honor Council may make similar charges on their own or on behalf of a member of the faculty, student body, or Honor Council. The president or acting presiding officer shall appoint two investigators to investigate the charge, and a seven-member committee to hear the case. A majority of the hearing committee is required to find the member guilty and to impose discipline, including impeachment.

ARTICLE V

Summer Honor Council

Section 1. Transfer of Power: The regularly elected Honor Council shall have the authority to transfer jurisdiction over all infractions of the Honor Code during the summer sessions to the Summer Honor Council. This Summer Council shall have the same authority as set forth in the constitution except that it may not vote on proposed amendments to the constitution.

Section 2. Membership: The Summer Council shall consist of all regular members present during the summer.

Section 3. Officers: The president will appoint as necessary.

Section 4. Hearings: Hearings shall be constituted according to Article XI of the constitution, except that summer hearings shall consist of four members and one member of the Board of Faculty Advisers. Each member of this panel has one vote; conviction requires four or five members to vote guilty.

Section 5. Penalties: Penalties shall be determined pursuant to Article I of these Bylaws except that penalties must be approved by a vote of at least three of the five members. If the panel decides that the regular panel is desirable, the case will be referred to a full panel for decision at the beginning of the fall semester.

Section 6. Final report: At the end of his or her term, the president shall leave a full report of the summer's activities for the regular president.

ARTICLE VI

Appointment of Committee Chairs

Each spring and fall semester, the president shall appoint, from members of The Honor Council, chairs of the following standing committees: Elections Committee, Faculty Relations Committee, and Orientation Committee. These chairs shall be eligible for reappointment for succeeding semesters.

ARTICLE VII

Honor Educators

Section 1. The Honor Educators serve to inform the Vanderbilt community about the Honor System and to foster positive relationships between the Honor Council and the rest of the Vanderbilt campus. The Honor Educators shall be a part of the Honor System and shall work under the supervision of the Honor Council President.

Section 2. The Honor Educators shall be composed of two separate committees: The Faculty Relations Committee and the Student Relations Committee. Each year, the newly elected Honor Council President will consult with the outgoing President and Chairs of both the Faculty Relations Committee and Student Relations Committee to appoint new Chairs for both committees To be eligible to become an Honor Educator Chair, a student must have at least one year of experience as an Honor Council member or adviser. The responsibilities of the Chairs of Faculty Relations and Student Relations shall include setting a campus education agenda, facilitating its progress, and attending meetings of the Honor Council officers. While the Educator Chairs' primary audiences are different, it is in the best interest of the Council for the two Chairs to work together when improving the academic integrity of the entire Vanderbilt community. Therefore, the Chairs are to collaborate in all education events that seek to educate both the faculty and student body.

Section 3. The Honor Educator selections process shall take place after the regular Honor Council member and adviser selections process. Any member or adviser is eligible to become an Honor Educator. The Honor Council officers will meet to appoint Honor Council members and advisers to the position of Honor Educator.

Section 4. Honor Educators each shall serve a one-year term, with the option of serving a additional terms. Each will continue to serve as a member, or adviser, while fulfilling the responsibilities of Honor Educator.

ARTICLE VIII

Board of Student Advisers

Section 1. The Student Advisers of the Undergraduate Honor Council serve to support accused students during the investigatory and hearing process and to educate accused students about the Honor Code. Advisers will explain to an accused student the procedures of the Honor Council, the hearing, and the penalties that may be assigned.

An adviser may also answer questions about the Honor Code or help students understand responsibilities under the Code. If a student is not sure what constitutes a violation or does not understand what actions to take after witnessing a violation, an adviser may help.

Section 2. Every accused student will be assigned a Student Adviser. However, a list of all Student Advisers also will be given to the accused student, and he or she may select one to serve as adviser during the investigation, hearing, and appeal. The accused also may select an individual not on the list from the University community, including faculty, staff, or students. Current Honor Council members or persons with formal legal training are not eligible to serve as advisers.

The accused student's adviser may attend all meetings that the accused student may have with investigators. The adviser also may be present in the hearing room with the accused student; however, the adviser may not question witnesses or address the panel. The adviser's role in a hearing is to provide support to the accused student and advice and information regarding hearing procedures and the Honor Code.

Section 3. Advisers will be appointed each year during the same process used to select Honor Council members. The Honor Council President and the Chair of the Student Advisers will consult in determining the number of new advisers to appoint each year. Each year, the newly-elected Honor Council President will consult with the outgoing President and Chair of the Student Advisers in appointing a new Chair of the Student Advisers.

Section 4. Advisers may vote each year on the election of officers and also may vote on other Honor Council issues, including amendments to the Constitution or Bylaws. Advisers may not serve on hearing panels or as investigators.

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