State legislatures across the country have been busy considering various school choice bills. Just last week, both houses of the Maine state legislature passed a bill to establish a charter school program in that state. All that remains is for Governor Paul LePage to sign the bill into law for Maine to become the 41st state to pass charter school legislation since 1991. The Oregon legislature recently passed a package of education bills, including ones to expand virtual charter school enrollment and allow intra-district school choice, on a space available basis. The most recent Choice Center book, School Choice and School Improvement, includes a chapter dedicated to the effects of intra-district school choice transfers. You can see the appendix for the chapter here.
Southern states are also in on this trend. North Carolina Governor Beverly Perdue signed a charter school bill this month. The new law removes the cap on the number of charter schools in the state, which previously stood at 100, and chartering authority continues to be controlled by the State Board of Education. In Tennessee, Governor Bill Haslam recently signed a bill that removes the cap on the number of charter schools as well as restrictions on student eligibility to attend charter schools. State legislators play a key role in the school choice debate. In School Choice Agenda Setting: A National Analysis of Individual State Legislators, researchers Francis Shen and Kenneth Wong explore this role. To find out what political and policy conditions have been found to facilitate charter reform and growth, see another paper by Wong and Shen, Charter Law and Charter Outcomes: Re-Examining the Charter School Marketplace.
With all of the interest in new charter legislation, research is as important as ever. Be sure to visit our research publications page for more on what our studies have found. Particularly relevant to these latest developments is the section on policy and governance. Check out Differences that Make a Difference: An Examination of the Relationship between Charter Law “Strength” and Student Achievement.