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  Scale Descriptions

In this section, we describe the scales we have used in studies preceding and following publication of our model of the parental involvement process (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 1995, 1997). In the first section below, we describe all scales developed and used during the course of our recent three-year study of the parental involvement process (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 2005). All of these scales may be accessed through the model-based graphic below. In the second section, we describe scales used in previous work (these are not included in the model-based graphic, but may be accessed through links included in the second section).

Scales based on the model of the parental involvement process
All of these scales are described more fully and included in:
Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., & Sandler, H.M. (2005). Final Performance Report for OERI Grant # R305T010673: The Social Context of Parental Involvement: A Path to Enhanced Achievement. Presented to Project Monitor, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, March 22, 2005.
Scales at Level I of the model-based graphic below are described much more fully in:
Walker, J.M., Wilkins, A.S., Dallaire, J., Sandler, H.M., & Hoover-Dempsey, K.V. (2005). Parental involvement: Model revision through scale development. Elementary School Journal, 106(2); 85-104
Please take a moment to read the permission policy for using these scales in our Statement of Use.

Please note also that the model-based graphic below conforms to some extent to our original model of the parental involvement process (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 1995, 1997) but incorporates some changes in the model suggested by our work during the OERI/IES-funded study of parental involvement (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 2005; Walker et al., 2005).

 
Level V
 
Level IV
 
Level III

Mediated by Child Perceptions of Parent Mechanisms (Student Report)

Encouragement  Modeling
Reinforcement Instruction
 
Level II

Parent Mechanisms of Involvement (Parent Report)

Encouragement
Modeling
Reinforcement
Instruction
 
 

Level I
 
***All measures underwent face and content validity evaluations by a panel of five persons who had expert knowledge of the constructs being evaluated. The experts were presented with the scales and a description of the constructs, and asked to evaluate how well the scale assessing the constructs matched the construct definitions. Satisfactory face and content validity were attained for all scales.***


The full Questionnaires used in the final study of the OERI/IES-funded project (OERI Grant # R305T010673: The Social Context of Parental Involvement: A Path to Enhanced Achievement) are available below:

Download a spanish copy of the Study 4 parent questionnaire:    pdf     excel

Download an english copy of the Study 4 parent questionnaire:    pdf    excel

Download an english copy of the Study 4 student questionnaire:  pdf    excel
    * Note that there is no spanish version of this questionnaire.

Download an index of scale item numbers:  doc


Other scales we have used in previous work that are not included in the model-based graphic above

We include here related scales that have been developed and used in prior work.


Parent Scales:

Thinking About Helping My Child with Homework

Parental Role Construction for Involvement (Categorical Approach)

Student Scales:

Thinking About My Homework

Teacher Scales:
The Family-School Partnership Lab is part of the Psychology and Human Development Department, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University.