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  Statement of Use

We thank you for your interest in our research.  On behalf of Kathy Hoover-Dempsey and Howard Sandler, you have permission to use and/or modify any of these scales. We ask that you cite the following:

Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., & Sandler, H.M. (2005). Final Performance Report for OERI Grant # R305T010673: The Social Context of Parental Involvement: A Path to Enhanced Achievement. Presented to Project Monitor, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, March 22, 2005. (click here to view)

If you use any of the scales at Level 1 in the model-based graphic (including Parental
Role Construction
Parental EfficacyGeneral School InvitationsSpecific School InvitationsSpecific Child InvitationsTime and Energy , Knowledge and Skills), please cite also:

Walker, J. M., Wilkins, A. S., Dallaire, J., Sandler, H. M., & Hoover-Dempsey, K. V. (2005). Parental involvement: Model revision through scale development. Elementary School Journal, 106(2); 85-104.
[click here to view pdf]

If you use the Parent Efficacy for Helping Children Succeed in School, please cite also

Hoover-Dempsey, K. V., Bassler, O. C., & Brissie, J. S. (1992). Explorations in parent-school relations. Journal of Educational Research, 85 (5), 287-294.
[click here to view pdf]

If you use either the Teacher Self-Efficacy for Teaching scale or the Teacher Perceptions of Parent Efficacy for Helping Children Succeed in School scale, please also cite:

Hoover-Dempsey, K. V., Bassler, O. C., & Brissie, J. S. (1992). Explorations in parent-school relations. Journal of Educational Research, 85 (5), 287-294.
[click here to view pdf]

Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., Walker, J.M.T., Jones, K.P., & Reed, R.P. (2002). Teachers Involving Parents (TIP): An in-service teacher education program for enhancing parental involvement. Teaching and Teacher Education, 18 (7), 843-467.
[click here to view .doc]

We wish you all the best with your research and encourage you to send us your findings.
The Family-School Partnership Lab is part of the Psychology and Human Development Department, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University.