Teacher Report of Invitations to Parental Involvement
Last updated: May, 2005
This scale is reported in Hoover-Dempsey, Walker, Jones and Reed (2002).
It was adapted from Epstein, Salinas & Horsey (1994), Epstein (1986),
Stipek (D. Stipek, pers. comm., December 1998) and from a local program-wide
evaluation effort (see Hoover-Dempsey et al., 2002). The scale assesses teachers’
reports of their invitations to parents for involvement during the school
This scale parallels the scale Teacher Beliefs about the Importance of Specific
Involvement Practices. However, the response scale and prompt were changed
as appropriate for the specific task here.
The measure employs a six-point, Likert-type scale: 1=never, 2=once this
year, 3=once each semester, 4=once a month, 5=once every 1-2 weeks, 6=1+
time(s) each week.
Alpha reliability for the scale as reported in Hoover-Dempsey et al. (2002)
was .89 for both pre-test and post-test administrations.
Participants were asked to respond to the following prompt:
“In this section, please indicate HOW OFTEN YOU have done each of the following
|Have a conference with a parent.
|Contact a parent if the child has problems or
|Contact a parent if the child
does something well or improves.
|Involve a parent as a volunteer
in my classroom.
|Tell a parent about the skills
the child must learn in each subject I teach.
|Provide specific activities
for a parent to do with the child in order to improve the child’s grades.
|Give a parent ideas about discussing
specific TV shows with the children.
|Assign homework that requires
a parent to interact with the child.
|Suggest ways to practice spelling
or other skills at home before a test.
|Ask a parent to listen to the
|Ask a parent to help the child
|Encourage a parent to ask the
child about the school day.
|Ask a parent to visit my classroom.
|Ask a parent to take the child
to the library or community events.
|Give a parent ideas to help
him or her become an effective advocate for the child.
|Send home ‘letters’ telling
parents what the children have been learning and doing in class.
Epstein, J.L. (1986). Parents’ reaction to teacher practices of parent
involvement. Elementary School Journal
, 86, 277-294.
Epstein, J.L., Salinas, K.C., & Horsey, C.S. (1994). Reliabilities
and summaries of scales: School and family partnership surveys of teachers
and parents in the elementary middle grades
. Baltimore, MD: Center
on Families, Communities, Schools, and Children’s Learning and Center for
Research on Effective Schooling for Disadvantaged Students, Johns Hopkins
Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., Walker, J.M.T., Jones,
K.P., & Reed, R.P. (2002). Teachers Involving Parents (TIP): An in-service
teacher education program for enhancing parental involvement. Teaching
and Teacher Education
, 18 (7), 843-467.