Student Report of Parent's Use of
Last updated: May, 2005
This scale assesses the extent to which a student perceives that his or
her parent (or other family member identified by the student) instructs or
teaches the student during a representative parental involvement activity,
monitoring or helping the student with homework. The scale was adapted from
Martinez-Pons (1996) and reported in Hoover-Dempsey
and Sandler (2005)
. It includes items in the Parental Report of Instruction Scale
altered as appropriate for student perspective and response.
The scale employed a four-point Likert-type scale: 1 = not true, 2 = a little
true, 3 = pretty true, 4 = very true.
The scale achieved an alpha reliability of .86 when administered to a sample
of 358 public school students in grades 4-6 (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler,
Students were asked to respond to the following prompt:
“Dear Student, Families do many different things when they help children
with school. Please think about how your family helps you with school and
fill in the circle that matches what is most true for them. Thank you!”
The person in my family who usually helps me with my homework
|… ways to make my homework
|… how to find out more
about things that interest me.
| … to try the problems
that help me learn the most.
|… to have a good attitude
about my homework.
|… to make sure I understand
one part before I go on to the next.
|… to take a break from
my work when I get frustrated.
|… how to check my homework
as I go along.
| … to go at my own pace
while doing my homework.
|… to keep trying when
I get stuck.
|… to stick with my homework
until I get it all done.
|… to work hard.
|… to ask questions when
I don't understand something.
|… how to get along with
others in my class.
|… to follow the teacher's
|… to talk with the teacher
when I have questions.
Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., & Sandler, H.M. (2005). Final Performance
OERI Grant # R305T010673: The Social Context of Parental Involvement:
Path to Enhanced Achievement.
Presented to Project Monitor,
Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, March 22,
Martinez-Pons, M. (1996). Test of a model of parental inducement
of academic self-regulation. Journal of Experimental Education