Parental Report of Instruction
Last updated: May, 2005
This scale assesses parent self-reports of instructional behaviors with children
during the course of involvement activities. The scale was adapted from Martinez-Pons
(1996) and was used during our recent three-year study of the parental involvement
process (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 2005
The scale employed a six-point Likert-type response scale: 1 = not at all
true, 2 = a little bit true, 3 = somewhat true, 4 = often true, 5 = mostly
true, 6 = completely true.
Alpha reliability for the scale when used with a sample of 358 parents of
public school students in grades 4-6 was .92, as reported in Hoover-Dempsey
& Sandler (2005).
Parents were asked to respond to the following prompt:
“Parents and families do many different things when they help their children
with schoolwork. We would like to know how true the following things are
for you and your family when you help your child with schoolwork. Please
think about the current school year as you read and respond to each item.”
We teach this child …
|… to go at his or her
own pace while doing schoolwork.
|... to take a break from
his or her work when he or she gets frustrated.
|... how to check homework
as he or she goes along.
|... how to get along with
others in his or her class.
|... to follow the teacher’s
|... how to make his or
her homework fun.
|... how to find out more
about the things that interest him or her.
|... to try the problems
that help him or her learn the most.
|... to have a good attitude
about his or her homework.
|... to keep trying when
he or she gets stuck.
| ... to stick with his
or her homework until he or she finishes it.
|... to work hard.
|... to talk with the teacher
when he or she has questions.
|... to ask questions when
he or she doesn’t understand something.
|... to make sure he or
she understands one part before going onto the next.
Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., & Sandler, H.M. (2005).
Final Performance Report for
OERI Grant # R305T010673: The Social Context of Parental Involvement:
Path to Enhanced Achievement.
Presented to Project Monitor,
Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, March 22, 2005.
Martinez-Pons, M. (1996). Test of a model of parental inducement
of academic self-regulation. Journal of Experimental Education