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  Parental Time and Energy for Involvement


Parental Perceptions of Personal Time and Energy for Involvement Activities
Last updated: May, 2005
 

This scale, reported in Walker, Wilkins, Dallaire, Sandler & Hoover-Dempsey (2005), was developed during a three-year study of the parental involvement process (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 2005). To create the scale, we identified six common involvement behaviors and asked parents to indicate how much time and energy they perceive they have for engaging in each.

The scale employed a six-point Likert-type response scale: disagree very strongly = 1, disagree = 2, disagree just a little = 3, agree just a little = 4, agree =5, agree very strongly = 6.

Alpha reliability reported by Walker et al. (2005; see also Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler) was .84.

Participants were asked to respond to the following prompt:
“Please indicate how much you AGREE or DISAGREE with each of the following statements. Please think about the current school year as you consider each statement.”  

1.
I have enough time and energy to communicate effectively with my child about the school day.
2.
I have enough time and energy to help out at my child’s school.
3.
I have enough time and energy to communicate effectively with my child’s teacher.
4.
I have enough time and energy to attend special events at school.
5.
I have enough time and energy to help my child with homework.
6.
I have enough time and energy to supervise my child’s homework.

References:

Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., & Sandler, H.M. (2005). Final Performance Report for
OERI Grant # R305T010673: The Social Context of Parental Involvement: A
Path to Enhanced Achievement
. Presented to Project Monitor, Institute of
Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, March 22, 2005.

Walker, J. M. T., Wilkins, A. S., Dallaire, J. P., Sandler, H. M., & Hoover-Dempsey, K. V. (2005). Parental involvement:  Model revision through scale development. Elementary School Journal, 106(2); 85-104.






The Family-School Partnership Lab is part of the Psychology and Human Development Department, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University.