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  Parental Knowledge and Skills for Involvement

Parental Perceptions of Personal Knowledge and Skills for Involvement Activities
Last updated: May, 2005

This scale, reported in Walker, Wilkins, Dallaire, Sandler & Hoover-Dempsey (2005) was developed during a three-year study of the parental involvement process (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 2005). It assesses parents’ beliefs about personal knowledge and skills for involvement in the child’s education. Three items focus on parents’ knowledge of involvement events or activities (i.e., knowing about special events, knowing the best ways to contact the teacher) and six focus on parents’ knowledge or skills for engaging in specific activities (i.e., helping out at the school, communicating effectively with the child about the school day).

The Scale employed a six-point Likert-type scale: disagree very strongly = 1, disagree = 2, disagree just a little = 3, agree just a little = 4, agree =5, agree very strongly = 6.

Alpha reliability reported by Walker et al. (2005; see also Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 2005) was .83.

Participants were asked to respond to the following prompt:
“Please indicate how much you AGREE or DISAGREE with each of the following statements. Please think about the current school year as you consider each statement.”

I know about volunteering opportunities at my child’s school.
I know how to communicate effectively with my child about the school day.
I know how to explain things to my child about his or her homework.
I know about special events at school.
I know enough about the subjects of my child’s homework to help him or her.
I know how to communicate effectively with my child’s teacher.
I know how to supervise my child’s homework.
I have the skills to help out at my child’s school.
I know effective ways to contact my child’s teacher.


Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., & Sandler, H.M. (2005). Final Performance Report for
OERI Grant # R305T010673: The Social Context of Parental Involvement: A
Path to Enhanced Achievement.
Presented to Project Monitor, Institute of
Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, March 22, 2005.

Walker, J. M. T., Wilkins, A. S., Dallaire, J. P., Sandler, H. M., &
Hoover-Dempsey, K. V. (2005). Parental involvement:  Model revision through scale development. Elementary School Journal, 106(2); 85-104.

The Family-School Partnership Lab is part of the Psychology and Human Development Department, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University.