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  General Invitations to Involvement from the School

Parental Perceptions of General Invitations for Involvement from the School
Last Updated: May, 2005
The scale, reported in Walker, Wilkins, Dallaire, Sandler & Hoover-Dempsey (2005; see also Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler, 2005), was adapted from Griffith’s (1996) measure of parent satisfaction, which includes several subscales (i.e., school climate, school empowerment, school peer social environment, student recognition, school-parent communication, academic instruction, overall parent satisfaction). From these, we selected three scales: school climate, school empowerment of parents, and school-parent communication.

Pilot work (n = 889 children in grades K-6, 11 items, alpha = .88) suggested that the number of items in the scale could be reduced. Factor analyses confirmed that the items tapped one factor: parent perceptions of general invitations for involvement from the school. Thus, the scale as adapted assesses parents’ perceptions of general invitations from the school for their involvement in their children’s education. 

The measure employs a six-point Likert-type response scale: disagree very strongly = 1, disagree = 2, disagree just a little = 3, agree just a little = 4, agree =5, agree very strongly = 6.

Alpha reliability for the scale as reported by Walker et al. (2005; Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 2005) was .83.

Participants were asked to respond to the following statement:
“Please indicate how much you AGREE or DISAGREE with each of the following statements. Please think about the current school year as you consider each statement.”

Teachers at this school are interested and cooperative when they discuss my child with me.
I feel welcome at this school.
Parent activities are scheduled at this school so that I can attend.
This school lets me know about meetings and special school events.
This school’s staff contacts me promptly about any problems involving my child.
The teachers at this school keep me informed about my child’s progress in school.


Griffith, J. (1996). Parent & student satisfaction with elementary schools in Montgomery County. Montgomery County Public Schools, MD: Department of Educational Accountability.

Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., & Sandler, H.M. (2005). Final Performance Report for
OERI Grant # R305T010673: The Social Context of Parental Involvement: A
Path to Enhanced Achievement
. Presented to Project Monitor, Institute of
Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, March 22, 2005.

Walker, J. M. T., Wilkins, A. S., Dallaire, J. P., Sandler, H. M., &
Hoover-Dempsey, K. V. (2005). Parental involvement:  Model revision through scale development.Elementary School Journal, 106(2); 85-104.

The Family-School Partnership Lab is part of the Psychology and Human Development Department, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University.