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  Scale Descriptions > Measures by Study


Parent Data Level 1

Parent's Perceptions of Self-Efficacy For Helping the Child Succeed in School:
11 items, alpha = .80


Parent's Role Construction: 22 items, alpha = .69

Parent's Perceptions of General Invitations for Involvement from the School: 11 items, alpha = .88

Parent Perceptions of General Invitations for Involvement from the Child: 4 items, alpha  = .60

Parent Data Dependent Variable

Dependent Variable: Decision to Become Involved: 13 items, alpha = .89

Teacher Data

Teacher's Self-Efficacy for Helping Children Succeed in School: 11 items, alpha = .86

Teacher's Perceptions of General Invitations for Involvement from the School: 11 items, alpha = .93



Parent Data Level 1

Parent's Perceptions of Self-Efficacy for Helping Child Succeed in School: 7 items, alpha = .75

Parent's Role Construction Beliefs: 11 items, alpha = .61

Parent's Role Construction Hypothetical Behaviors:  13 items, alpha = .92

Parent's Perceptions of General Invitations for Involvement from the School:  6 items, alpha = .88

Parent's Perceptions of General Invitations for Involvement from the Child: 3 items, alpha = .61

Child's Attributes that Invite Involvement: 5 items, alpha = .56

Parent Data Level 2

Parent's Enjoyment of Involvement Activities: 6 items, alpha = .77

Parent's Knowledge and Skills for Involvement Activities: 9 items, alpha = .83

Parent's Time, Energy and Resources for Involvement Activites: 8 items, alpha = .84

Parent's Perceptions of Specific Child Demands/Invitations for Involvement: 6 items, alpha = .70

Parent's Peceptions of Specific Teacher/School Demands/Invitations for Involvement: 6 items, alpha = .81

Parent Data Dependent Variable

Dependent Variable: Types of Involvement: 13 items, alpha = .78

Teacher Data

Teacher's Self-Efficacy For Helping Children Succeed in School: 7 items, alpha = .72

Teacher's Perceptions of General Invitations for Involvement from the School: 11 items, alpha = .82

Collective Teacher Efficacy: 18 items, alpha = .89

Teacher's Perceptions of Parents' Involvement Level: 6 items, alpha = .84

Teacher's Specific Invitations for Involvement: 6 items, alpha = .77

Teacher's Perceptions of Parent Efficacy for Helping Child Succeed in School: 6 items, alpha = .91


Parental Involvement Project (PIP)
 Parent and Student Questionnaires: Study 3
*First Iteration with original subscales
(Microsoft Word Format, Entire Document)

Student Scales

Student Perceptions of Parents' Modeling Behavior: 10 items, alpha = .69

Student Perceptions of Parents' Instructional Behavior: 15 items, alpha = .92

Student Perceptions of Parents' Reinforcement Behavior: 13 items, alpha = .87

Student Perceptions of Parents' Encouragement Behavior: 5 items, alpha = .69

Student Self-Report of Attributes Conducive to Achievement: 13 items, alpha = .82

Student Self-Report of Social Self-Efficacy for Relating to Peers: 4 items, alpha = .62

Student Self-Report of Social Self-Efficacy for Relating to Teachers: 6 items,
alpha = .69


Parent Scales

Parent Self-Reported Use of Modeling: 5 items, alpha = .81

Parent Self-Reported Use of Encouragement: 5 items, alpha = .84

Parent Self-Reported Use of Reinforcement:  5 items, alpha = .89

Parent Self-Reported Use of Instruction:  8 items, alpha = .79


Parental Involvement Project (PIP)
 Parent and Student Questionnaires: Study 3
*Second Iteration with combined subscales
(Microsoft Word Format, Entire Document)

Student Scales


Student Perceptions of Parents' Implicit Behavior: 10 items, alpha = .69

Student Perceptions of Parents' Explicit Behavior: 33 items, alpha = .92

Student Self-Report of Attributes Conducive to Achievement:  13 items, alpha = .82

Student Self-Report of Social Self-Efficacy for Relating to Peers: 4 items, alpha = .62

Student Self-Report of Social Self-Efficacy for Relating to Teachers: 6 items,
alpha = .69


Parent Scales (same as above)

Parent Self-Reported Use of Modeling: 5 items, alpha = .81

Parent Self-Reported Use of Encouragement: 5 items, alpha = .84

Parent Self-Reported Use of Reinforcement:  5 items, alpha = .89

Parent Self-Reported Use of Instruction:  8 items, alpha = .79


Parental Involvement Project (PIP)
 Parent and Student Questionnaires: Study 4
(Microsoft Word Format, Entire Document)

Parent Scales (alphas will be updated when data is collected)

Parent’s Self-Reported Sense of Efficacy for Helping Child Succeed in School: 5 items, alpha = ?

Parent’s Perceptions of General Invitations for Involvement from the School:
6 items, alpha = ?


Parent’s Self - Reported Role Beliefs: 10 items, alpha = ?

Parent Self-Reported Valence: 6 items, alpha = ?

Parent’s Perception of Specific Child Demands/Invitations for Involvement: 5 items, alpha = ?

Parent’s Perception of Specific Teacher/School Demands/Invitations for Involvement: 5 items, alpha = ?

Parent’s Time, Energy and Resources for Involvement Activities: 5 items, alpha = .?

Parent’s Knowledge and Skills for Involvement Activities: 6 items, alpha = ?

Parents Choice of Involvement: 10 items, alpha =  ?

Parent Self-Reported use of Parents’ Modeling: 10 items, alpha = ?

Parent Self-Reported use of Encouragement: 13 items, alpha = ?

Parent Self-Reported use of Reinforcement: 13 items, alpha = ?

Parent Self-Reported Use of Instruction: 15 items, alpha = ?

Student Scales (alphas will be updated when data is collected)

Student Self-Report of: Social Self-Efficacy for Relating to Teachers: 5 items, alpha = ?

Student Self-Report of Active Engagement: 11 items, alpha = ?

Students Perception of Parents’ Explicit Behavior: 40 items, alpha = ?

Student Perceptions of Parents’ Implicit Behavior: 10 items, alpha = ?


The Family-School Partnership Lab is part of the Psychology and Human Development Department, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University.