Random Walks and Graph Construction
Noah Fram, Vanderbilt University
Location: Stevenson 1432
Robust Maltsev Conditions and Abelian Algebras in Varieties, Results Old and New
Ralph McKenzie, Vanderbilt University
Location: Stevenson 1312
having a Taylor term are quasi-affine (almost modules), and his characterization of the weakest
Maltsev condition for a variety that implies all Abelian algebras are affine (modules).
The Mathematics of Gerrymandering
Emily Marshall, Vanderbilt University
Location: Stevenson 1206
The American Heritage Dictionary defines gerrymandering as the act of “dividing a geographic area into voting districts so as to give unfair advantage to one party.” The problem of gerrymandering has led to the development of several mathematical measures of shape compactness, some of which have been used in court cases to argue for or against the legality of congressional redistricting plans. In this talk, we will show how the notion of convexity can be used to detect irregularly shaped districts. We will explore both theoretical and empirical aspects of this convexity-based measure of shape compactness.
On Topologizable and Non-Topologizable Groups
Denis Osin, Vanderbilt University
Location: Stevenson 1310
A group is called topologizable if it admits a non-discrete Hausdorff group topology. In this talk I will discuss some recent results (joint with A. Klyachko and A. Olshanskii) and open questions about topologizable and non-topologizable groups.
Geometric Inequalities in General Relativity
Marcus Khuri, SUNY at Stony Brook
Location: Stevenson 5211
Perhaps the most outstanding open problem in mathematical relativity is the so called Cosmic Censorship conjecture, which roughly asserts that singularities in the evolution of spacetime must always be hidden inside black holes, and moreover that spacetime must eventually settle down to a stationary final state. Based on heurisitc physical arguments, R. Penrose derived a series of geometric inequalities relating total mass, area of the event horizon, electricromagnetic charge, and angular momentum, all of which serve as necessary conditions for the validity of Cosmic Censorship. In this talk, we will detail recent advances in the rigorous mathematical formulation and proofs of some of these inequalities. Tea at 3:30 pm in SC 1425
Noncommutative Metrics for Dynamical Systems
Kamran Reihani, Northern Arizona University
Location: Stevenson 1432
Spectral triple is the fundamental object of the metric aspects of Connes' noncommutative geometry. A spectral metric space is a spectral triple (A, H, D) with additional properties guaranteeing that the Connes metric on the state space of A induces the weak*-topology. It is, in fact, the noncommutative analog of a complete metric space. Let (A,H,D) be a spectral metric space and G be a group of automorphisms of A. In this talk I will consider the problem of whether there is a natural spectral triple for the crossed product algebra C*(G,A) that can characterize the metric properties of the dynamical system (G,A). I will discuss a solution to this problem when a single automorphism of A generates G as an equicontinuous family of quasi-isometries. I will also address the converse problem, namely, when a spectral metric space for the crossed product gives rise to one for A. When the action is not equicontinuous (e.g., when the action is uniformly hyperbolic), following the philosophy of Diffeomorphism-Invariant Geometry of Connes and Moscovici, we suggest replacing the dynamical system (G,A) by a dynamical system (G,B), where G acts isometrically. The algebra B is called the metric bundle associated with (G,A). Some candidates for the metric bundle B will be introduced. This talk is based on a joint work with Jean Bellissard and Matilde Marcolli.
The Ensemble Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics and the Two-Slit Experiment
Glenn Webb, Vanderbilt University
Location: Stevenson 1307
A partial differential equation model is provided for the two-slit experiment of quantum mechanics. The state variable of the equation is the probability density function of particle positions. The equation has a local diffusion term corresponding to stochastic variation of particles, and a nonlocal dispersion term corresponding to oscillation of particles in the transverse direction perpendicular to their forward motion. The model supports the ensemble interpretation of quantum mechanics and gives descriptive agreement with the Schrodinger equation model of the experiment.