Peabody Reflector

Archives for ‘Research News’

Exodus of physicians to America causing ‘brain drain’ in Africa

Posted in: Fall 2013, Fall 2013, Issue, Research News

The past decade has seen a dramatic rise in the number of physicians trained in sub-Saharan Africa emigrating to the United States—40 percent overall when compared to the last decade—resulting in a “brain drain” on nations in the greatest need for affordable and accessible health care. This conclusion was put forth by Akhenaten Tankwanchi, Phd’12, [...]

Group prenatal care leads to improved birth outcomes

Posted in: Fall 2013, Fall 2013, Issue, Research News

Women with access to group prenatal care had improved birth outcomes, including longer gestational periods and higher birth weight, in a study conducted by researchers at the Peabody Research Institute. The most striking finding was that group prenatal care had “statistically and clinically significant beneficial effects on very low birth weight and fetal demise relative [...]

Positive interactions vital to pre-K classrooms

Posted in: Fall 2013, Fall 2013, Issue, Research News

Positive interactions in a pre-kindergarten classroom may be equally or more important to the future academic development of 4-year-olds than learning letters and numbers, according to Dale Farran, senior associate director of the Peabody Research Institute and co-author of a new study. It shows that young children improve self-regulation skills in classrooms where teachers exhibit [...]

Early spatial reasoning predicts later creativity and innovation

Posted in: Fall 2013, Fall 2013, Issue, Research News

Exceptional spatial ability at age 13 predicts creative and scholarly achievements more than 30 years later, according to results from a longitudinal study led by David Lubinski, professor of psychology. The study provides evidence that early spatial ability—the skill required to mentally manipulate 2D and 3D objects—predicts the development of new knowledge, and especially innovation [...]

New evaluation process offers better outcomes for juvenile offenders

Posted in: Fall 2013, Fall 2013, Issue, Research News

Peabody researchers are partnering with juvenile justice systems around the country to evaluate the potential of delinquency intervention programs to reduce recidivism in hopes of improving outcomes for young offenders. Mark Lipsey, research professor in human and organizational development and director of the Peabody Research Institute, is the lead researcher on the Juvenile Justice Reform [...]

NSF grant yields insights on math teaching

Posted in: Fall 2013, Fall 2013, Issue, Research News

A grant of $200,000 from the National Science Foundation will enable Peabody researchers Thomas Smith and Paul Cobb to collaborate with Chinese researchers to identify instructional supports that lead to higher levels of mathematics achievement. Smith, associate professor of public policy education and director of graduate studies in leadership, policy and organizations, and Cobb, professor [...]

$10M grant establishes center for special education

Posted in: Fall 2013, Fall 2013, Research News

The National Center for Special Education Research has awarded $10 million to a team of researchers led by Doug and Lynn Fuchs, the Nicholas Hobbs Professors of Special Education and Human Development, to develop new math and reading strategies aimed at improving student success. The five-year grant, which establishes an Accelerated Academic Achievement Research Center, [...]

Recent Peabody research news releases

Posted in: Research News, Summer 2013

Do popular education reforms demoralize teachers? Three widely implemented practices intended to strengthen teaching actually do more to undermine professionalism and demoralize teachers, according to Richard Milner, associate professor of education. In a policy brief,  Milner pinpoints evaluations of teachers based on annual gains in students’ standardized test scores, fast-track teacher preparation and licensure programs, [...]

Talk to kids about television

Posted in: Research News, Summer 2012

Children learn more from television viewing when parents participate than they would during book reading, new research from Peabody finds. In a first-of-its-kind study, children showed significant gains in vocabulary and comprehension when parents asked them questions about the content, rather than simply parking them in front of the screen. “There is a lot of [...]

Higher ed, federal government ‘intimately connected’

Posted in: Research News, Summer 2012

Where would American higher education be without government support for research and student aid? Not where it is today, says Peabody College researcher Christopher Loss, who examines the history of the crucial relationship between the government and higher education in his new book, Between Citizens and the State: The Politics of American Higher Education in [...]

Appalachia focus of new Peabody research

Posted in: Research News, Summer 2012

Researchers from Peabody are collaborators in the Regional Educational Laboratory Appalachia as part of a $28 million, five-year grant from the Institute for Education Sciences. REL Appalachia conducts empirical research in Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia and brings evidence-based information to policymakers and educators to improve education practice. In partnership with the Center for [...]

Enhanced training to help soldiers’ mental health

Posted in: Research News, Summer 2012

As the United States officially ends its war in Iraq and thousands of service members return home, researchers at Peabody are working with the Department of Defense to ensure mental health concerns from deployments are not overlooked. Funded by the U.S. Army Medical Research and Acquisition Activity, faculty and staff from Peabody and the School [...]

Educational trajectories of ELL students

Posted in: Research News, Summer 2012

Public school students who successfully complete English as a Second Language or bilingual education programs within three years appear to fare better in meeting basic math and reading proficiency standards than their peers who remain enrolled in language acquisition courses for five years or more. A new report from Peabody and the Migration Policy Institute [...]

Pasi Sahlberg: What the world can learn from Finland

Posted in: Research News, Summer 2012

Charter schools, rigorous standards, merit pay and tougher curriculum – these are the ingredients of American school reform. But Finland, the top-ranked country in the world in math, science and reading, has none of these elements. In fact, their approach to reform is exactly the opposite of the approach in the United States. Pasi Sahlberg [...]

Novel words and reading interventions

Posted in: Research News, Summer 2012

Researchers at Peabody are studying how people learn new words in hopes of determining optimal interventions for children who struggle with reading. A new educational neuroscience study offers clues on reading and plasticity in the brain that could lay the foundation for more targeted investigations of what types of training may work for particular readers. [...]

Teacher compensation ‘incredibly inefficient’

Posted in: Issue, Research News, Winter 2012

Teacher salaries are largely set by schedules which are neither performance-related nor market-driven and have significant consequences on school staffing and workforce quality, new research from the National Center on Performance Incentives finds. “We know the way in which we currently compensate K-12 public school teachers is incredibly inefficient,” said Matthew Springer, director of the [...]

Not so different after all

Posted in: Issue, Research News, Winter 2012

New research from the National Center on School Choice reveals little difference among school leaders across public, private and choice schools. Although much research exists regarding the impact of school leaders on school improvement, little is known about whether principals in choice schools exhibit more of the leadership practices associated with school improvement and increased [...]

New partner for national center

Posted in: Issue, Research News, Winter 2012

Fort Worth Independent School District is the latest partner in a national center at Peabody that aims to identify programs, practices, processes and policies that make some high schools more effective at reaching low-performing students. Fort Worth Independent School District, or FWISD, officially joined the National Center on Scaling Up Effective Schools at Peabody in [...]

In-state tuition and undocumented immigrants

Posted in: Issue, Research News, Winter 2012

New research from Peabody finds ideology and partisanship do not play a significant role in whether a state considers extending in-state college tuition to undocumented immigrants in a study now published in an American Journal of Education article. Over the last decade 12 states have passed bills expanding in-state tuition. Another 10 states gave such [...]

Early motor training and social development

Posted in: Issue, Research News, Winter 2012

  In a new study published in the journal Developmental Science, researchers from Peabody and the Kennedy Krieger Institute found that early motor experiences can shape infants’ preferences for objects and faces. The study findings demonstrate that providing infants with “sticky mittens” to manipulate toys increases their subsequent interest in faces, suggesting advanced social development. [...]

Analysis of mortality among infants with Down syndrome

Posted in: Issue, Research News, Winter 2012

An analysis of the amount, timing and causes of infant mortality among newborns with Down syndrome is the focus of new research by Vanderbilt Kennedy Center investigators Robert Hodapp and Richard Urbano and recent Peabody graduate and Kennedy Center trainee Samantha Goldman. The findings, reported in the Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, conclude that infants [...]

The first group of graduates from Vanderbilt’s Next Steps program

Posted in: Issue, Research News, Winter 2012