Office: 5707 Science & Engineering Bldg
Phone: (615) 322-2232
Ph.D. University of California, Los Angeles, 1977
M.S. George Washington University, 1973
B.S. Pomona College, 1969
- Igneous Petrology and Tectonics
- Magma chamber processes
MAGMA AT VANDERBILT
Vanderbilt faculty and their students are investigating magmas, magmatic processes, and their products from a wide range of perspectives. In addition to Calvin Miller (see below),
• Guil Gualda uses rock textures, mineral zoning, thermodynamic modeling, and other methods to investigate the nature and behavior of magmas in chambers – including eruption triggering
• David Furbish brings his expertise in fluid physics to bear upon issues of magma dynamics
• John Ayers uses accessory minerals like zircon and monazite as both geochronometers and environmental monitors to decipher the record of high-T fluids and melts in Earth's crust
Magma interactions preserved;
MOTIVATION & INTERESTS
As a 5-year-old, I peered down into the volcano Haleakala in Hawaii and concluded ethusiastically that this was what I wanted to spend my life looking at and thinking about. "This" broadened a bit, but I've spent the rest of my life peering curiously, at many scales, at the Earth's surface and the materials we find there, commonly at the products of magmatism. Until recently, however, this peering was pretty much restricted to rocks that formed in the mid- to deep crust and to deep-seated processes that they reflected.
Mount St Helens Dome
But it was the view from a volcano that drew me in at age 5, and to an extent I've been completing the circle in the last decade. Working with students and colleagues on shallow, magnificently exposed intrusions that clearly vented to the surface, we became fascinated with the record of transport of magmas and magmatic products into, within, and out of chambers. This in turn led to exciting exchange of ideas with people who have focused on the volcanic end of magmatic systems, especially those who are interested in the ways in which eruption processes and products reflect what goes in underlying chambers and even deeper. The 2001 Penrose Conference on longevity and dynamics of rhyolitic magma systems, at Long Valley caldera, in particular was an eye-opener. That conference was followed by many subsequent opportunities brainstorming, both formal and informal.
An inspiring year of leave in 2005-2006 came close to completing the circle. I had the opportunity to visit volcanoes and spend time with volcanologists in Alaska, New Zealand, Ecuador, Antarctica, and Iceland. It has become evident to me that integrating plutonic with volcanic perspectives on how magmatic systems work is an exciting frontier with opportunities waiting to be tapped in both research and teaching. This year launched continuing studies in Iceland, at Mount St Helens, and of supereruptions.
A continuing interest of mine, first developed many years ago, has has been especially useful in tying together volcanism and plutonism: the behavior of accessory minerals in magmas, including their influence on magma evolution and their use as versatile geochronometers and environmental monitors. Colleagues (John Ayers, Guil Gualda) and students at Vanderbilt share this passion, as do many collaborators and former students elsewhere.
I teach courses that deal with Earth materials, petrology, igneous geochemistry, geochronology, magmatic processes in general, and now on volcanism. I’m currently (2010-2012) teaching:
EES 107: VOLCANOES: Earth & Human Impacts (aimed at non-majors or as elective for some majors)
EES 226: Igneous & Metamorphic Petrology (undergraduate majors; some graduate students)
EES 285: Volcanic Processes (for graduate students and upper-level undergrad majors)
EES 335: Magmatic Processes & Construction of Earth’s Crust (primarily grad students, open to advanced undergrads)
My students and I aim at the following problems:
• magma chambers: what are they? what are the materials like that reside in them?; how are materials transported into, within, and out of them? how : nature, longevity, and dynamics of materials within them
• volcano-pluton connections: what is the relationship between the processes and products at volcanoes and at plutons?
• how do these processes determine when and whether a chamber erupts? How are eruptions reflected in the plutonic products of a magma chamber?
...using the following general strategies and methodologies:
• field work in spectacularly exposed plutonic sections, and in modern and ancient volcanoes and volcanic deposits. Currently, we are working in southern Nevada and adjacent Arizona and California, where tilting has revealed 10-15 km cross-sections through plutons and their erupted products, and where the products of a huge supereruption (Peach Spring Tuff) and its caldera are well exposed; at Mount St. Helens, where our data indicate that modern eruptions are sampling a half-million year old system; and in Iceland, where zircon from historic eruptions is unraveling fascinating aspects of the plumbing systems of these volcanoes and the way in which silicic magmas form and are stored.
Cathodoluminescence image of zircon from a Mount
St Helens dacite – center represents low-T growth
at 260 ka; rim low T growth at 70 ka; zones in
between grew at higher T at 150 ka.
(see Claiborne et al, Geology, Nov 2010)
• accessory minerals, especially zircon and now sphene: imaging of zoning and elemental analysis of zones, U-Pb and U-series dating (by USGS/Stanford SHRIMP) - documenting dramatic fluctuations in chamber conditions, long-term storage and mixing of materials.
• analog experiments to evaluate magma dynamics (transport and mechanical interactions of liquids and crystals) - masterminded by David Furbish
• all supported by "classical" petrography and elemental and isotopic petrochemistry.
...and collaborations are absolutely critical! (all students interact and learn from researchers from other institutions, in other labs and field areas)
• at Vanderbilt, students and I work closely with David Furbish, Guil Gualda, and John Ayers
• we also collaborate closely with Jonathan Miller (San Jose State University), a field-based petrologist and geochemist; geochemist/geochronologist Joe Wooden of the USGS/Stanford SHRIMP lab; Jim Faulds of the University of Nevada-Reno (structure-tectonics-field geology, volcanic sequences); Mike Clynne, volcanologist-petrologist, USGS-Menlo Park; Charles Ferguson, field volcanologist, Arizona Geological Survey
• and less formally with a host of students and senior personnel at other institutions
Danny Flanagan and Evan Kelly examining Searchlight pluton, NV.
Mingled rhyolite, dacite, and andesite,
lava flow, Highland Range, NV
My students have studied a wide range of problems in igneous and metamorphic petrology, mineralogy, and tectonics. Currently, most address the sort of issues listed above. Their work is almost invariably field-based and employs a variety of analytical techniques and experiments at Vanderbilt and other labs to address well-focused problems. The aim is both to produce fundamental research and to gain an understanding of research methods and problem-solving in general. Many of my 45 MS students have continued on for PhD's and into academia; others have pursued careers in environmental science, secondary education, law, and other fields. Undergrads who have worked on research projects with me have gone into similarly diverse fields. Since 2006, after EES/Environmental Science established its PhD program, we have developed a thriving cadre of doctoral students – now numbering six – who address problems in high-T geochemistry and magmatic processes. These students collaborate enthusiastically and aim at careers in higher education.
Lily Claiborne (PhD) uses zircon to track the evolution of the Mt. St. Helens magmatic system (the first zircon work to be carried out at that volcano, and the first study anywhere to combine detailed elemental analysis of zircon with high-precision U-series geochronology). She has demonstrated that many of the zircons in erupting magmas had been stored beneath the volcano for more than 100,000 years prior to eruption (see Claiborne at al, Geology, 2010, below). She is also investigating magma processes by which plutons are constructed and melt segregation within plutonic environments. For her MS at Vanderbilt, she studied the origin of very felsic granites (equivalent of high-silica rhyolites) in the Spirit Mountain batholith in Nevada and demonstrated that compositions of zoned zircon there recorded complex histories that indicate multi-stage recharging and mixing of magmas during construction of the batholith (Claiborne et al, Min Mag, 2006, CMP, 2010). Lily is also very actively engaged in teaching and research about science education, and she has developed an innovative exercise for teaching principles of radiometric dating that she presented at AGU and is preparing for publication.
Danny Flanagan (PhD; co-advised with John Ayers) completed his MS in 2009, focusing on one particularly productive stage (Swift Creek) in the eruption history of Mount St. Helens, and demonstrated that zircon growth was concentrated during discrete, relatively brief episodes. He also found that this brief stage sampled zircon from all of the ‘main events’ of MSH history. For his PhD, Danny is investigating sphene, both through solubility experiments with John Ayers and through studies of the mineral’s history in a volcanic-plutonic system in Nevada.
Tamara Carley (PhD; co-advised with Guil Gualda) completed her two-part MS at VU during summer 2010. In the first part, she investigated the evolution of the silicic magmas that have erupted in Iceland in historic times via zircon U-Th geochronology and elemental studies. Her work revealed that zircons here grew in environments that differed appreciably from those in arcs and continent interiors, and that, although they do reflect long pre-eruption storage as observed elsewhere, they do indicate up to tens of thousands of year lifetimes for Icelandic silicic magma. Tamara also used a new version of MELTS tuned for silicic magmas to model evolution of the giant system that led to supereruption of the Peach Spring Tuff, Arizona. Her work suggests that closed-system evolution of the system may have led to conditions that destabilized the Peach Spring chamber. Her PhD work is likely to lead to more expansive studies of silicic magmatism in Iceland as well as to other studies of the behavior of magma systems.
Abraham Padilla (MS; co-advised with Guil Gualda). Abe is studying the volcanic an hypabyssal record of what he interprets as the ‘death throes of a silicic system:” rhyolite porphyries mingled with andesite that marked the end of a period of rhyolite eruption in southern Nevada, thought to have been erupted from a magma chamber that formed a nearby granitic pluton. He has also initiated a study of the zircon record of conditions within magma that constructed a pluton in Iceland.
Evan Kelly (Senior Honors thesis; co-advised with Guil Gualda) is working on a project on a large lava flow that marked an early stage of the silicic sequence in Nevada that terminated with the rocks that Abe is studying. This lava is distinctive in that it reveals mingling between three distinct magmas (rhyolite, dacite, and andesite). Evan’s work suggests that the magmas encountered each other within the underlying chamber and mingled more intimately within the conduit and during eruption.
Iceland: Tamara Carley and Abe Padilla, collecting pumice at Askja caldera (Left);
Students with related interests:
Susanne McDowell (PhD) entered the program fall 2010 with a research background in geochronology and igneous petrology but with interests that span much of the Earth sciences. She has not settled on dissertation research or an advisor yet, but her work is likely to be interdisciplinary and at least in part involve facets of mineralogy-petrology-geochronology.
Ayla Pamukcu (PhD) completed her MS summer 2010 under Guil’s direction, using a variety of methods to document extreme compositional and thermal zoning in the giant Peach Spring Tuff magma chamber. She has also done important work on the supereruption at Long Valley caldera that yielded the Bishop Tuff, and on volcanic and plutonic rocks in southern Nevada. Ayla is beginning her PhD research fall 2010.
Colin Brooks (MS) has just begun his MS. He plans to pursue volcanologic research, and is interested in integrating observations from volcanic rocks and their constituent minerals with thermodynamic modeling of magmatic processes (with Guil?).
Tim Peters (PhD) is working on ultra-high pressure processes with John Ayers. He is emphasizing the zircon record of these processes, carrying out both field-based studies of zircon from UHP rock samples collected in China and experimental studies to quantify elemental partitioning between zircon and fluids at these extreme conditions. Based on this work he is refining understanding of the role of fluid in UHP processes.
Left - Peach Spring superuption outflow, Black Mountains, AZ;
Right - in Silver Creek caldera (source of Peach Spring Tuff),
Tamara Carley with Charles Ferguson (AZ Geol Survey - discoverer of the caldera)
RECENT HONORS AND AWARDS
2005 Daly Lecturer, AGU (annual Volcanology, Geochemistry, Petrology lecture): Transport, deposition, storage, and remobilization of felsic magmas and their products in the upper crust)
2006 Award for Excellence in Graduate Teaching in the College of Arts & Science, Vanderbilt University
2007, on volcano-pluton connections, International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Perugia, Italy: The Miocene volcano-plutonic suite of the northern Colorado River Corridor, Nevada-Arizona, USA
2008: on high-silica rhyolite, Goldschmidt Conference, Vancouver, BC, Canada: Highly-evolved silicic magmas: volcanic vs. plutonic conundrums
2009: on sphene in silicic magmas: AGU, Spring meeting, Toronto, Canada: Sphene (Titanite) as Both Monitor and Driver of Evolution of Felsic Magma: Miocene Volcanic Plutonic and Rocks of the Colorado River Region, NV-AZ, USA
CURRENT GRANT SUPPORT
(PI) NSF-EAR- 0635922, Volcanic-plutonic evolution evaluated using zircon growth histories at Mt. St. Helens volcano, 2007-2010
(PI; Guil Gualda & John Ayers, co-PIs) NSF-EAR-0911726 , "Supereruptions," magma chambers, & plutonic residue: Insights from Peach Spring Tuff, significance of sphene (collaborative with Jonathan Miller, San Jose State Univ.), 2009-2012
Recent volumes edited:
DeSilva, S., Bachmann, O., Miller, C.F., Yoshida, T., and Knesel, K., eds., 2007, Large Silicic Magma Systems, Special Issue of Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 167, nos. 1-4, 335 pp.
Wark, D.A., and Miller, C.F., eds., 2008, Supervolcanoes, Special Issue of Elements, v. 4, no. 1, 49 p.
Journal articles, 2005-Present
(NOTE: * denotes student research at VU):
Miller, C.F., Miller, J.S., and Faulds, J.E., 2005, Miocene volcano-plutonic systems, southern Nevada: A window into upper crustal magmatic processes: in Stevens, C., and Cooper, C., eds., Western Great Basin Geology: Fieldtrip guidebook and volume, GSA Cordilleran Section (Pacific Section SEPM, pub.), v. 99, p. 37-66.
*Berquist, P.J., *Fisher, C.M., Miller, C.F., Wooden, J.L., Fullagar, P.D., and Loewy, S.L., 2005, Geochemistry and U-Pb zircon geochronology of Blue Ridge basement, western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee: Implications for tectonic assembly: in Hatcher, R.D., Jr., and Merschat, A.J. (eds.), Carolina Geological Society, Annual Field Trip Guidebook, p. 33-44.
McClellan, E.A., Steltenpohl, M., *Thomas, C., and Miller, C., 2005. Timing of arc magmatism and terrane emplacement along the southern Laurentian margin: Evidence from the Talladega belt, southernmost Appalachians. In: Steltenpohl, M.G., ed. Geological Society of America SE Section Field Trip Guidebook, p. 19-47.
Ayers, J.C., Loflin, M., Miller, C.F., Barton, M.D., and Coath, C., 2006, In-situ oxygen isotope analysis of monazite as a monitor of fluid infiltration during contact metamorphism: Birch Creek pluton aureole, White Mountains, eastern California: Geology 34: 653-656.
*Claiborne, L.E., Miller, C.F., *Walker, B.A., Wooden, J.L., Mazdab, F.K., and Bea, F., 2006, Tracking magmatic processes through Zr/Hf ratios in rocks and Hf and Ti zoning in zircons: An example from the Spirit Mountain batholith, Nevada: Mineralogical Magazine 70: 517-543.
McClellan, E.A., Steltenpohl, M.G., *Thomas, C.W., and Miller, C.F., 2007, Isotopic age constraints and metamorphic history of the Talladega belt: New evidence for timing of arc magmatism and terrane emplacement along the southern Laurentian margin: Journal of Geology 115: 541-561.
*Walker, B.A. Jr., Miller, C.F., * Claiborne, L.E., Wooden, J.L., and Miller, J.S., 2007, Geology and geochronology of the Spirit Mountain batholith, southern Nevada: implications for timescales and physical processes of batholith construction: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 167: 239-262.
Bachmann, O., Miller, C.F., and de Silva, S.L., 2007, The volcanic-plutonic connection as a stage for understanding crustal magmatism: Jour. Volcanology and Geothermal Res. 167: 1-23.
Miller, J.S., Matzel, J.E.P., Miller, C.F., Burgess, S.D., Miller, R.B., 2007, Zircon growth and recycling during the assembly of large, composite arc plutons: Jour. Volcanology and Geothermal Res. 167: 282-299.
Calzia, J.P., Ludington, Miller, C.F., and Rämö, O.T, 2007, Miocene magmatism and coeval crustal extension in the Colorado River and Death Valley extensional terrains (IGCP-510): in Raynolds, R.G., ed., Roaming the Rocky Mountains and Environs: Geological Field Trips: Geological Society of America Field Guide 10, p. 111-138.
Miller, C.F., and Wark, D.A., 2008, Supervolcanoes and their explosive supereruptions: Elements 4: 11-16.
*Lang, N.P., *Walker, B.J., *Claiborne, L.E., Miller, C.F., Hazlett, R.W., and Heizler, M.T., 2008, The Spirit Mountain batholith and Secret Pass Canyon volcanic center: A cross-sectional view of the magmatic architecture of the uppermost crust of an extensional terrain, Colorado River, Nevada-Arizona: in Duebendorfer, E.M., and Smith, E.I., eds., Field Guide to Plutons, Volcanoes, Faults, Reefs, Dinosaurs, and Possible Glaciation in Selected Areas of Arizona, California, and Nevada: Geological Society of America Field Guide 11, p. 187-214.
*Fisher, C.M., Loewy, S.L., Miler, C.F., *Berquist, P.J., Van Schmus, W.R., Hatcher, R.D., Wooden, J.L., and Fullagar, P.D., 2010, Whole rock Pb and Sm-Nd isotopic constraints on the growth of the southeastern Laurentia during Grenvillian Orogenesis: Geological Society of America Bulletin 122: 1646-1659.
*Claiborne, L.L., Miller, C.F., *Flanagan, D.M., Clynne, M.A., and Wooden, J.L., 2010, Zircon reveals protracted magma storage and recycling beneath Mount St. Helens: Geology (in press).
Miller, C.F., Furbish, D.A., *Walker, B.A. Jr., *Claiborne, L.L., *Koteas, G.C., *Bleick, H.A., Miller, J.S., in press, Growth of plutons by incremental emplacement of sheets in crystal-rich host: Evidence from Miocene intrusions of the Colorado River region, Nevada, USA: Tectonophysics.
*Claiborne, L.L., Miller, C.F., Wooden, J.L., and Mazdab, F.K., 2010, Trace element composition of igneous zircon: A thermal and compositional record of accumulation and evolution of a large silicic batholith, Spirit Mountain, Nevada: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology (in press).
Meeting presentations by Miller’s student advisees, 2008-2010:
*Claiborne, LL, Clynne, MA., Pallister, JS, Miller, CF, Wooden, JL, Mazdab, FK, Lowenstern, JB, 2007, Investigating the evolution of the Mount St. Helens plumbing system using SHRIMP-RG U-Pb, U-series, and trace element analysis of zircon, International Union of Geodesy & Geophysics XXIV General Assembly Abstracts, Perugia, Italy.
*Claiborne, LL, Miller, CF, Wooden, JL, Clynne, MA, Pallister, JS, 2007, evolution of Mount St. Helens sub-volcanic magmatic system revealed by zircon: evidence from SHRIMP-RG analysis of trace elements and U-Th disequilibria, Geol. Soc. America, abst. with prog. 39 .
*Claiborne, LL, Miller, CF, Clynne, MA., Wooden, JL, Pallister, JS, Mazdab, FK, 2007, Zircon from Mount St. Helens reveals residence times of tens to hundreds of thousands of years at low magmatic temperatures prior to eruption, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, EOS .
*Bromley, SA, Miller, CF., *Claiborne, LL, Wooden, JL, Mazdab, FK, 2007, Record of hybridization preserved in zircon, Aztec Wash pluton, Nevada, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, EOS .
*Banik, TJ, Miller, CF, Hoskuldsson, A, Furbish, DJ, 2007, Mechanical interactions in South Iceland Pleistocene basalt-hyaloclastite sequences, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, EOS .
*Banik, TJ, Miller, CF, Furbish, DJ, 2008, Mechanisms of mafic disaggregation in a crystal-rich granitic mush at Aztec Wash pluton, NV: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 40, No. 1, p. 61.
*Bromley, SA, *Bleick, HA, Ericksen, SM, Miller, CF, Miller, JS, *Claiborne, LL, Wooden, JL, Mazdab, FK, 2008, In situ mechanical and diffusive in Aztec Wash pluton, NV: Evidence from zircon Ti thermometry and elemental zoning: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 40, No. 1, p. 62
*Banik, TJ, Hoskuldsson, A, Furbish, DJ, Miller, CF, Bacon, CR, and Wallace, PJ, 2008, Magma-ice-sediment interactions and the origin of lava-hyaloclastite sequences in South Iceland Pleistocene basalt-hyaloclastite sequences: abstracts, IAVCEI 2008, General Assembly, Reykjavik, Iceland.
*Claiborne, LL, Miller, CF, Clynne, MA, Wooden, JL, Mazdab, FK, 2008, Zircon from Mount St. Helens: Implications for magma storage: Goldschmidt abstract: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 72, Issue 12, p. A166.
*Claiborne, LL, Miller, CF, Clynne, MA, Wooden, JL, Mazdab, FK, Pallister, J, 2008, Temporal, thermal, and compositional evolution of the Mount St. Helens magma system revealed by zircon: abstracts, IAVCEI 2008, General Assembly, Reykjavik, Iceland.
*Walker, BA, Lang, NP, *Claiborne, LL, Miller, CF, Hazlett, RW, 2008, The Spirit Mountain batholith and Secret Pass volcanic center: Perspectives on silicic magmatism from the mid to upper crust: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 40, No. 1, p. 74.
*Claiborne, LL, Miller, CF, 2008, Exploring Radioactive Decay through Hydrostatic Principles: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement, abstract ED31A-0605
*Colombini, L.L., Gualda, G.A.R., Miller, C.F., Miller, J.S., Wooden, J.L. Mazdab, F. Faulds, J.E., 2008, Mid-Miocene rhyolite sequence, Highland Range, NV: Record magma evolution and eruption from the Searchlight pluton magma chamber: Eos Trans. AGU 89(53),, Fall Meeting Supplement, abstract V21C-2125.
*Flanagan, D.M., *Claiborne, L.L., Miller, C.F., Clynne, M.A., Wooden, J.L., 2009, Construction and Evolution of the Mount St. Helens Magmatic System During the Swift Creek Eruptive Stage (16–9 ka) Revealed by Zircon: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Spring Meeting.
*Claiborne, L.L, Miller, C.F., Clynne, M.A., Wooden, J.L., and *Flanagan, D.M. 2009, Plutonic behavior of a Cascade arc volcano: the zircon record of the Mount St. Helens magmatic system: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 41, p. 190.
*Carley, T.L., Miller, C .F., Ferguson, C.A.., Gualda, G.A.R., Pamukcu, A.S.1, Wooden, J.L.3, Miller, J.S., Gaudio, S.J., and Varga, R.J., 2009, Supereruption of peach spring tuff: new insights from caldera-fill and outflow pumice and accessory minerals: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 41, p. 141.
*Pamuckcu, A.S., Gualda, G.A.R., Miller, C.F., Ferguson, C.A., & *Carley, T.L., 2009, Evolution of the Peach Spring Tuff (Southwest USA) magma body revealed by textures and compositions of accessory minerals: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting.
*Claiborne, L.L., Miller, C.F., *Flanagan, D.M., Wooden, J.L., and Clynne, M.A., 2009, Geochronology of zircon surfaces enhances the record of magma storage and recycling beneath Mount St. Helens: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting.
*Carley, T.L., Miller, C.F., Wooden, J.L., Barth, A.P., 2009, Using Zircon to Reconstruct the Magmatic History of Icelandic Rhyolite: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting.
*Colombini, L.L., C.F. Miller, G.A.R.G. Gualda, J.L. Wooden, J.S. Miller, 2009, Geochemistry and petrogenetic significance of sphene: evidence from the Miocene Highland Range volcanic sequence, southern Nevada: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting.
*Flanagan, D.M., *Claiborne, L.L., Miller, C.F., Clynne, M.A., and Wooden, J.L., 2009, Zircon from Swift Creek Stage Eruptions Records the Assembly and Evolution of an Intrusive Magmatic Complex Beneath Mount St. Helens: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting.
*Kelly, E., Miller, C.F., Gualda, G.A.R.G, *Colombini, L.L., *Padilla, A.DeJ., and Cribb, J.W., 2010, Multi-component magma mingling revealed in a rhyolite-dacite-andesite coulee, southern Highland Range (southern Nevada): Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, in press.
*Padilla, A.J., Miller, C.F., Gualda, G.A.R., *Colombini, L.L., *Kelly, E.A., and Cribb, J.W., 2010, Death throes of a silicic system: final re-activation of granitic crystal mush and transition to andesitic volcanism, Highland Range, southern Nevada: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, in press.
*Flanagan, D.M., Lowenstern, J.B., *Carley, T.L., Miller, C.F. and Wooden, J.L., 2010, Zircon from the Alid volcanic center, Eritrea: implications for magmatic evolution: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, in press.
*Carley, T.L., Gualda, G.A.R., Ghiorso, M.S., and Miller, C.F., 2010, Modeling the destabilization of large-volume silicic magmatic systems using “rhyolite-MELTS” and the Peach Spring Tuff: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting.
*Claiborne, L.L., Wooden, J. L., Miller, C. F., Gualda, G.A.R., Clynne, M.A., Flanagan, D.M., 2010, Putting zircon surface geochronology and geochemistry in textural context using 3D Xray tomography: Probing the magmatic history of Mount St. Helens: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting.
Other Selected Papers, 1980-2004:
Miller, C.F., and L.J. Bradfish, 1980, An inner Cordilleran belt of muscovite-bearing plutons: Geology, v. 8, p. 412-416.
Miller, C.F., and E.F. Stoddard, 1981, The role of manganese in the paragenesis of magmatic garnet: an example from the Old Woman-Piute Range, California: Jour. Geol., v. 89, p. 233-246.
Miller, C.F., E.F. Stoddard, L.J. Bradfish and W.A. Dollase, 1981, Composition of plutonic muscovite: genetic implications: Canad. Mineralogist, v. 19, p. 25-34.
Miller, C.F., and D.W. Mittlefehldt, 1982, Depletion of light rare-earth elements in felsic magmas: Geology, v. 10, p. 129-133.
Mittlefehldt, D.W., and C.F. Miller, 1983, Geochemistry of Sweetwater Wash pluton, California: implications for 'anomalous' trace element behavior during differentiation of felsic magmas: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, v. 47, p. 109-124.
Miller, C.F., and D.W. Mittlefehldt, 1984, Extreme fractionation in felsic magma chambers: a product of liquid-state diffusion or fractional crystallization?: Earth Plan. Sci. Letters, v. 68, p. 151-158.
Miller, C.F., 1985, Are strongly peraluminous magmas derived from mature sedimentary (pelitic) sources?: Jour. Geology, v. 93, p. 673-689.
Miller, C.F., E.B. Watson, and T.M. Harrison, 1988, Perspectives on the source, segregation, and transport of granitoid magmas: Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, v. 79, p. 135-156.
Miller, C.F. and M.D. Barton, 1990, Phanerozoic plutonism in the Cordilleran interior, western USA: in Kay, S.M., and C.W. Rapela (eds.), Plutonism from Antarctica to Alaska, Geol. Soc. America Special Paper 241, p. 213-231.
*Miller, J.S., and C.F. Miller, 1991, Tertiary extension-related volcanism, Old Woman Mountains area, eastern Mojave Desert, California: Jour. Geophys. Res., v. 96, p. 13629-13643.
*Carl, B.S., C.F. Miller, and D.A. Foster, 1991, Western Old Woman Mountains shear zone: evidence for late ductile extension in the Cordilleran orogenic belt: Geology, v. 19, p. 893-896.
Rapp, R.P., E.B. Watson, and C.F. Miller, 1991, Partial melting of amphibolite/eclogite and the origin of Archean trondhjemites and tonalites: Precambrian Res., v. 51, p. 1-25.
Miller, C.F., *J.M. Hanchar, V.C. Bennett, T.M. Harrison, D.A. Wark, and *D.A. Foster, 1992, Source region of a batholith: evidence from lower crustal xenoliths and inherited accessory minerals: Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh: Earth Sciences (Hutton Symposium volume), v. 53, p. 49-62.
*Foster, D.A., C.F. Miller, T.M. Harrison, and T.D. Hoisch, 1992, 40Ar/39Ar thermochronology and thermobarometry of metamorphism, plutonism, and tectonic denudation in the Old Woman Mountains area, California: Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 104, p. 176-191.
*Hanchar, J.M., and C.F. Miller, 1993, Zircon zonation patterns and interpretation of crustal histories , Chemical Geology, v. 110, p. 1-13.
*Kingsbury, J.A., C.F. Miller, J.L. Wooden, and T.M. Harrison, 1993, Utility of monazite in geochronology: examples from the Old Woman-Piute Mountains, southeastern California: Chemical Geology, v. 110, p. 147-167.
Karlstrom, K.E., C.F. Miller, J.A. Kingsbury, and J.L. Wooden, 1993, Pluton emplacement along an active ductile thrust zone, Piute Mountains, California: interaction between deformational and solidification processes: Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., v. 105, p. 213-230.
*Gleason, J.D., Miller, C.F., Wooden, J.L., and Bennett, V.C., 1994, Petrogenesis of the highly potassic 1.42 Ga Barrel Spring pluton, southeastern California, with implications for mid-Proterozoic magma genesis in the southwestern USA: Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., v. 118, p. 182-197.
*Hanchar, J.M., Miller, C.F., Wooden, J.L., Bennett, V.C., and Staude, J.-M., 1994, Evidence from xenoliths for a dynamic lower crust, eastern Mojave Desert, California: Jour. Petrol., v. 35, p. 1377-1415.
Hook, S.J., Karlstrom, K.E., Miller, C.F., and McCaffrey, K.J.W., 1994, Mapping the Piute Mountains, CA, with thermal infrared multispectral scanners (TIMS). J. Geophys. Res., v. 99, p. 15,605-15,622.
Miller, C.F., and J.L. Wooden, 1994, Anatexis, hybridization, and the modification of ancient crust: Mesozoic plutonism in the Old Woman Mountains area, California: Lithos, v. 32, p. 111-133.
*Falkner, C.M., Miller, C.F., Wooden, J.L., and Heizler, M.T., 1995, Petrogenesis and tectonic significance of the calc-alkaline, bimodal Aztec Wash pluton, Eldorado Mountains, Colorado River extensional corridor: Jour. Geophys. Res., v. 100, p. 10,453-10,476.
*Gerber, M.E., Miller, C.F., and Wooden, J.L., 1995, Plutonism at the eastern edge of the Cordilleran Jurassic magmatic belt, Mojave Desert, California: Chapter 17 in Miller D.M., and Busby, K., eds., Jurassic magmatism and tectonism in the Cordillera, Geol. Soc. Amer. Special Paper 299, p. 351-374.
*Patrick, D.W., and C.F. Miller, 1997, Processes in a composite, recharging magma chamber: evidence from magmatic structures in the Aztec Wash pluton, Nevada: Proc. 30th Int’l. Geol. Congr. (Research Volume), p. 121-135.
Miller, C.F., R.D. Hatcher, Jr. T.M. Harrison, C. Coath, and E.B. *Gorisch, 1998, Cryptic crustal events elucidated through zone imaging and ion microprobe studies of zircon, southern Appalachian Blue Ridge, North Carolina-Georgia: Geology, v. 26, p. 419-422.
Miller, J.S., Heizler, M.T., and Miller, C.F., 1998, Timing of magmatism, basin formation, and tilting at the west edge of the Colorado River extensional corridor: results from single crystal 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of Tertiary rocks in the Old Woman Mountains area, southeastern California: Journal of Geology, v. 106, p. 195-209.
McCaffrey, K.J.W., Miller, C.F., Karlstrom, K.E., and Simpson, C., 1999, Synmagmatic deformation patterns in the Old Woman Mountains, SE California: Journal of Structural Geology, v. 21, p. 335-349.
*Robinson, D.M., and C.F. Miller, 1999, Record of magma chamber processes preserved in accessory mineral assemblages: American Mineralogist 84: 1346-1353.
*Townsend, K.T., C.F. Miller, J.L. *D'Andrea, J.C. Ayers, T.M. Harrison, and C.D. Coath, 2000, Low temperature replacement of monazite in the Ireteba granite, southern Nevada: Geochronological implications: Chemical Geology 172: 95-112.
Miller, C.F., R.D. Hatcher, J.C. Ayers, C.D. Coath, and T.M. Harrison, 2000, Age and zircon inheritance of eastern Blue Ridge plutons, southwestern North Carolina and northeastern Georgia with implications for magma history and evolution of the southern Appalachian orogen: American Journal of Science 300: 142-172.
*Bachl, C.A., C.F. Miller, J.S. Miller, and J.E. Faulds, 2001, Construction of a pluton: Evidence from an exposed cross-section of the Searchlight pluton, Eldorado Mountains, Nevada: Geological Society of America Bulletin 113: 1213-1228.
Miller, C.F., and J.S. Miller, 2002, Contrasting stratified plutons exposed in tilt blocks, Eldorado Mountains, Colorado River rift, Nevada, USA: Lithos, v. 61, p. 209-224.
*Kapp, J.L , C.F. Miller, and J.S. Miller, 2002, Ireteba pluton, Eldorado Mountains, Nevada: Late, deep-source, peraluminous magmatism in the Cordilleran Interior: Journal of Geology, v. 110, p. 649-669.
*Meschter McDowell, S., C.F. Miller, P.D. Fullagar, *B.R. Bream, and *R.W. Mapes, 2002, The Persimmon Creek Gneiss, Eastern Blue Ridge, North Carolina-Georgia: Evidence for the missing Taconic arc?: Southeastern Geology, v. 41, p. 103-117.
*C.W. Carrigan, C.F. Miller, P.D. Fullagar, R.D. Hatcher, Jr., B.R. *Bream, and C.D. Coath, 2003, Ion microprobe age and geochemistry of southern Appalachian basement, with implications for Proterozoic and Paleozoic reconstructions: Precambrian Research, v. 120, p. 1-36.
Miller, C.F., S.M. *McDowell, and R.W.*Mapes, 2003, Hot and cold granites?: Implications of zircon saturation temperatures and preservation of inheritance: Geology, v. 31, p. 529-532.
*Ownby, S.E., Miller, C.F., *Berquist, P.J., *Carrigan, C.W., and Fullagar, P.D., 2004, Geochemistry and U-Pb geochronology of a portion of the Mars Hill Terrane, North Carolina-Tennessee: constraints on origin, history, and tectonic assembly: in Tollo, R.P., Corriveau, L., McLelland, J., and Bartholomew, M.J., (eds.), Proterozoic Evolution of the Grenville Orogen in North America: Geological Society of America Memoir 197, p. 609-632.
*Bream, B.R., Hatcher, R.D., Jr., Miller, C.F., and Fullagar, P.D., 2004, Detrital zircon ages and Nd isotopic data from the southern Appalachian crystalline core, GA-SC-NC-TN: New provenance constraints for Laurentian margin paragneisses: in Tollo, R.P., Corriveau, L., McLelland, J., and Bartholomew, M.J., (eds.), Proterozoic Evolution of the Grenville Orogen in North America: Geological Society of America Memoir 197, p. 459-476.
Bryant, D.L., Ayers, J.C., Gao, S., Miller, C.F., and Zhang, H., 2004, Geochemical, age, and isotopic constraints on the location of the Sino-Korean/Yangtze Suture and evolution of the northern Dabie Complex, east central China: Geological Society of America Bulletin: Geological Society of America Bulletin 116: 698-717.
Moecher, D.P., Samson, S., and Miller, C.F., 2004, Precise time and conditions of peak Taconian granulite facies metamorphism in the southern Appalachian orogen, U.S.A., with implications for zircon behavior during melting: Jour. Geology 112: 289-304.
*Harper, B.E., Miller, C.F., *Koteas, G.C., *Cates, N.L., Wiebe, R.A., Lazzareschi, D.S., and Cribb, J.W., 2004, Granites, dynamic magma chamber processes, and pluton construction: Aztec Wash pluton, Eldorado Mountains, Nevada, USA: Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 95, 277-296 (Hutton Symposium volume).(also published in 2005, Geological Society of America, Special Paper 389, 277-295).