Idea Blog

Apply now: Curb Fellow in Media, Art, and Public Policy, 2014-15

Posted by: Heather | Posted on: March 10th, 2014 | 0 Comments

Applications accepted through Friday, March 28.

The Curb Center is pleased to announce a continuing fellowship opportunity for advanced graduate students in the humanities or humanistic social sciences at Vanderbilt University. For the academic year 2014-15, the Curb Center offers a year-long fellowship to support a student who has completed his or her comprehensive examination and is interested in policy issues raised by media or the arts.

Candidates should be engaged in research that promises to illuminate challenges or opportunities that face any cultural field, including (but not limited to) music, publishing, the graphic arts, film, television, theater, literature, the entertainment industry, or digital media.  Policy concerns may involve race, class, gender, social or political concerns, economic issues, legal questions, government regulation, copyright, urban planning and development, public humanities and heritage preservation, indigenous cultures, international trade and diplomacy, distribution and access, artistic careers, nonprofits, new media, medicine and the arts, creativity and well-being, arts entrepreneurs, public support of the arts, arts education, and more.  We are also willing to entertain proposals that would allow a student to do research on an arts and cultural policy issue related to a dissertation nearing completion.

For more information and application instructions, click here.

Using Google Forms in the Classroom (HASTAC Cross-Post)

Posted by: Danielle | Posted on: February 7th, 2014 | 0 Comments

This post originally appeared on on February 7, 2014. The original post and comments can be found here.

Weekly course assignments can be a headache for both instructors and students. Students lament having to print them (let alone do them), and instructors lament opening several hundred emails in the course of a semester. However, there are times when such assignments are pedagogically necessary.

A friend and I both used weekly reading assignment in our history courses last semester as a way to gauge student understanding of material and develop students’ abilities to summarize and interrogate readings. Although my friend teaches high school and I was a TA at a university, our students had a communal complaint about the assignments: “I don’t have the resources to print the assignment,” which was followed up with a “Can I just email it to you instead?”

We wondered what technological adaptations would make this assignment easier for students to turn in and less of a headache for us to grade. We had several goals, including:

  • Not have to individually open multiple assignments or emails (instructor desire)
  • See all assignments on one page (instructor desire)
  • Not have to print/eco-friendly option (student/instructor desire – as a note, all of our students have access to laptops and the internet)
  • Keep a record of student performance and answers
  • Meet U.S. FERPA requirements if spreadsheet is downloaded and grades kept on one secured system (university administration and instructor desire)

Google Drive’s Forms has been explored for use in academia on multiple blogs and other websites,[1] and it seemed to solve most of our problems. We created a brief form that asked the students to answer the same open-ended questions we required in the paper assignment, and set data verification parameters to ensure the students included enough of a response or, in my case where I was trying to teach concision in summarization, to limit my students to only so many characters.

Sample Google FormGoogle Forms allows you to choose from a wide array of question types based on your needs. For instance, my friend used a drop-down menu for the students to select the chapter they were submitting (see Figure 1). You can also select which questions to require or make optional. You’ll want to make sure to ask for the student’s name or email address. A time stamp is automatically recorded via Google, so you can see if a student misses a deadline. All of the responses can be recorded automatically into a spreadsheet (to select this option in Forms, select “Choose Response Designation”).

Because of U.S. FERPA regulations, which consider online systems like Google Drive an insecure format for storing or transmitting grades, we chose to download the form to a secure machine when all responses were submitted. Once downloaded, you can then create a new column in the spreadsheet to type in general comments about the student’s performance on the assignment and a grade.

From here you can create a mail-merge within Microsoft Word to return the assignment to students.[2] (Alternatively, you can use a script within Google Drive to do the same; see A big thanks to Miriam Posner for posting this to Twitter!) You can also combine all submissions from one student into his/her own spreadsheet for use at student meetings or to return to the student as a package of all assignments completed.

My friend has been using this system in his high school classroom for a few weeks now with great success. Both he and his students love the ease of submitting and reviewing assignments. You can see a redacted version of what his class created here:

I’m also using Google Forms for self- and peer-assessments this semester. You can see a redacted version of that form here:

If you’ve used Google Forms in your class, were there certain assignments that worked better or worse for yo? If you haven’t used Google Forms, do you think it would be useful for your classroom or research?

[2] The problem still remains of how to return students’ papers with grade and comments. My friend is less concerned because his assignment earns a “completion grade” and the comments, which he can email, are more critical. Currently, I can print mine through a mail merge and hand them back to students, but that is a less-eco-friendly option than I’d prefer. Suggestions on improvement are welcomed!

Danielle Picard is the Curb Center’s HASTAC Scholar for the 2013-2014 school year. You can find her on where she blogs about the use of technology both in and out of the classroom.

Tepper named dean of ASU’s Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts

Posted by: Heather | Posted on: December 27th, 2013 | 0 Comments

After ten years of exceptional research and practice at the Curb Center, Steven Tepper has accepted an appointment as dean of the Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts at Arizona State University. Steven’s opportunity is an extraordinary one, and a testimony to his expertise and stature in the field of arts careers, creative practice, and arts policy.

Sad as we are to see him go, we are also overjoyed for Steven’s success. For a link to ASU’s press release click here, and to read a note from Steven, click here.

Conversations/Conversas with Ashley Larson

Posted by: Heather | Posted on: December 18th, 2013 | 0 Comments

Ashley Larson talks “Conversations/Conversas,” the Vanderbilt Art Dept & University of Sao Paulo collaboration

People often ask me (family members especially), “why are you learning Portuguese?” or “why do you speak Portuguese?” The answer I frequently give is that I have always had a love for the Spanish language and so when I was earning my bachelor’s in Latin American Studies at Cal State Fullerton and they told me that an intermediate level of Portuguese was required, I responded with enthusiasm. Who wouldn’t want to learn a new language and a new culture? Many people think that Brazilians speak Spanish…wrong! The giant of the South American continent speaks Portuguese which is a romance language, like Spanish, but they are not the same. Brazil should not be ignored or grouped with all of the Spanish-speaking nations around the world. Trivia time: Brazil is actually larger than the continental U.S.! It is the B in BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) and has officially arrived as an economic powerhouse. Unfortunately, the country still has one of the highest rates of unequal wealth distribution; the poor are very poor and the rich are über rich. But, let’s talk about culture and ART! Brazilians pride themselves on being creative and artistic. As most of you know, the 2014 World Cup will be in Brazil. but did you know that the Brazilians have invented a different way of playing ‘futebol’ (soccer)? Bet you didn’t! The “Jogo Bonito”, which literally translates to ‘beautiful game’, is a way of playing soccer that combines style, beauty, and cunning. They even play to the beat of Samba music for artistic inspiration and motivation! But their creativity doesn’t end there. AND … it is not contained within Brazilian borders!

…and that leads me to the second most-asked question I receive, “what exactly do you do for Conversations/Conversas?” Well… first, I have to explain what the initiative is: a collaborative project between Vanderbilt and the University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil that was started in 2010 with support of an Exploratory and Development Grant from the Vanderbilt International Office. Project participants include Vanderbilt professors Vesna Pavlovic (Art), Mel Ziegler (Art), Beth Conklin (Anthropology), David Wood (Philosophy), and USP professors Ana Maria Tavares (Art), Mario Ramiro (Art), and Martin Grossmann (Institute of Advanced Studies, USP). They reflect on the legacy of modernist architecture, the imagination of the city, over-population, the use of natural resources under conditions of accelerating growth, and the problem of sustainability. What does this all mean? The eight members actively participate in exchange between the two countries to collaborate on projects and engage students with their research and artworks. It is one-of-a-kind! This initiative helps bridge the artistic and intellectual gap between these countries. Just think of how cool it is that a student in Nashville, TN has the privilege of working with leading artists from a city more than 4,800 miles away, like the recent “Boom Box Bikes” sound urban intervention project with Mario Ramiro and Mark Hosford. And vice versa, how neat is it that an USP student can attend a photography workshop with Vesna Pavlovic or discuss Brazilian underground comics with Mark Hosford? This project is the birth of collaboration and often leads to exhibitions and projects for audiences outside of the university. In this respect, Conversations/Conversas reaches out to all São Paulo and Nashville residents. Any Nashville resident can visit member Ana Maria Tavares’ exhibit “Deviating Utopias” and experience what Nashville Scene’s Laura Hutson says makes “you feel like you’re walking across an immense chasm, Temple of Doom-style, only to be met with a kaleidoscope of steel structures as they crumble down on screens that fill all four gallery walls.” I find her description very accurate! It causes a sense of instability and intrigue at the same time. I admit that I did want to lie on the floor and watch the images on the wall move around me, but I’m not sure that the other FRIST visitors would have appreciated it. The Nashville community also engaged with Vanderbilt students in “Boom Box Bikes”, constructing bikes and participating in urban sound intervention rides. Nashvillians surely were surprised to hear several Brazilian birds chirping in unison as the bikes, complete with stereos and unique sound tracks, cruised through Vanderbilt and throughout the city! In São Paulo, Vesna Pavlovic presented her work, “Iconography of Spectacle”, at the Archivo Vivo (Alive Archive) exhibition at the Paço das Artes. Her photographic project focuses on former Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito’s career and travels around the world from 1945 to 1979. Although I have not had the opportunity to visit her São Paulo installation, I know that the images are visually appealing and invoke another time and place, one that neither Brazilians nor Americans experienced first-hand. So, other than appreciating member exhibitions and interventions, what do I do at the Curb Center? Well, I help coordinate member visits and facilitate conversation between the eight members. I document the activities and am currently TRYING to get a website up and running so that the world knows what a great project we have! Oh, and I get to write articles and blogs, like this!

We hope you all take advantage of our member exhibitions! And please watch for future Conversations/Conversas events and for our website unveiling.

Ashley Larson is an M.A. Student at Vanderbilt’s Center for Latin American Studies, and the “Conversas/Conversations” Project Coordinator

What is a Victorianist doing at the Curb Center? Or, Everything Old Is New Again

Posted by: Heather | Posted on: September 24th, 2013 | 0 Comments[

[Guest post by Elizabeth S. Meadows, @MorbidVictorian, new Faculty Director of Curb Creative Campus & Curb Scholars Program]

Early this summer, Sotheby’s, the famed auction house that brokered the sale of such iconic works as Vincent van Gogh’s Irises and Edvard Munch’s The Scream, announced that a version of Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s Proserpine will be sold at auction in November.  Proserpine is, according to one assessment, “one of the most internationally recognisable images of the nineteenth century,” and the estimated price of this variant done in colored chalk is $1.8-2.7 million. You’ve seen this image before; Rossetti’s “Proserpine” has appeared on postcards and posters as well as in textbooks, works of literary criticism and art history, genealogies of artistic movements, biographies, and—of course—museums, and even more importantly perhaps, their gift shops.  Nonetheless, my first reaction was simply shock—“You mean you can buy that?!”  Perhaps naively, I had thought that Art-with-a-capital-A can’t be bought, sold, or owned.


Wikimedia Commons

Even before the age of mechanical reproduction brought us easy access to images of unique works of art, Proserpine existed in multiple forms.  There are chalk and ink and pencil drafts, and the Rossetti Archive composition history reports that Rossetti began eight separate copies of this painting.  In a letter to his brother early in the process of producing these multiple renderings, Rossetti wrote: “The Proserpine I am selling him is a second one I have begun.  The first did not quite please me, but will sell as a separate thing by cutting out the head which is done.  The second is very well started, and I fully expect to finish it soon and beg the tin” (qtd in  This piece of art, which represents a turning point in British aesthetic history, as well as a statement about the nature of art, is and has always been first and foremost FOR SALE. Rossetti’s plans to “beg the tin” for his work links art to business, a connection that the Curb Center for Art, Enterprise, and Public Policy explores in its title and mission.

Wikimedia Commons

But since Rossetti’s time public perceptions of art and its role in society have shifted, driving a wedge between enterprise and art.  On the one hand, beauty and the arts are perceived as above and beyond market value, so art that defines part of a nation’s cultural heritage is beyond price and should not be sequestered from public view in a private collection.  This perception of art has a history interestingly entwined with that of the Aesthetic Movement, a movement that is partially Rossetti’s cultural legacy.  On the other hand, art is perceived as irrelevant or antagonistic to market values; from this perspective, the arts are not economically productive, and therefore education in the arts is impractical and lacks real-world applications.  (See Steven Tepper’s response to Kyle Thetford’s “Does Art Help the Economy,” posted July 17, for more on this view.)

Here at the Curb Center part of our work is to insist that creativity, artistic endeavor, and entrepreneurship exist in a positive feedback loop, rather than in opposition.  This core belief is the link to my field of Victorian studies—in the Victorian period, artists, industrialists, inventors, scientists, and writers all participated in a lively creative economy. Rossetti’s leadership of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood transformed the visual arts in Britain, but Rossetti’s innovations as an entrepreneur of his own art have been just as important as the aesthetic movements he influenced.  The intertwining of arts, sciences, innovation, and enterprise is now, as it was in the nineteenth century, a driving force of social transformation.


“Frantic & exciting”: Clayton reflects on week one of his Coursera LOTR MOOC

Posted by: Heather | Posted on: September 17th, 2013 | 0 Comments

Curb director’s Coursera course launched September 9th

Professor Jay Clayton got 40,000 new students this week, and for a moment, the thirty-year writer and lecturer is at a loss for words.

“It’s been … dizzying!” he finally laughs.

Fifteen minutes after “Online Games: Literature, New Media, and Narrative” launched last Monday afternoon, more than 1000 people had watched a video, and the tech team had discovered (and corrected) two errors we had made in setting up the site. “It’s frantic and exciting at the same time,” Clayton says. “It’s an intense experience of media saturation, of all these multiple channels coming at us at once. “ He pauses then begins to laugh. “And it’s close to overwhelming!”

Of the 40,000 registered, around 5000 are also interacting on Facebook, another group is on Twitter, and then there’s the actual course’s forums—one on J.R.R. Tolkien, the author; another on the game Lord of the Rings Online; another on games in general; and still another for each week’s material—already hold over almost 3000 posts.  Additionally, there’s conversation on the Coursera channel inside the online game, where only people in this course come to chat. “Hang on, I promised I’d say something to them,” Clayton says as he turns back to his laptop where, as Vainamoinen (named for the Finnish minstrel who inspired Tolkien’s Gandalf), Clayton pops in to say hello.

With 40,000 learners logging in from all over the world, I’m struggling to understand how any real communication happens at all when Clayton reveals one of the characteristics of a successful Coursera professor. “We’ve got a great team,” he explains. Two Ph.D. students, Don Rodrigues (English) and Blaine Smith (teaching & learning), along with undergraduate Caleb Richard (computer science), assist Clayton both in the course and via social media. “We’re really partners,” Clayton explains.  “I let them do the work largely autonomously, and each has a kind of area that he or she takes care of.” It’s a good thing. With thousands of people accessing the course and talking with one another 24-hours a day, opportunity for glitches seems high. Is that a concern? “You want to jump right on top of any kind of error in the course right away,” Clayton confirms. “If there’s an error in the site and people are confused and bewildered, then it takes a lot of explaining on social media to say, ‘We fixed the problem, I know you saw it but it’s different now!’”yton has at least eighteen characters at the moment—one on each of the course’s English language servers around the world; (the course has additional servers in German, French, Spanish, and Russian, so one wonders when Clayton will reveal characters for them). In addition to interacting with students via Facebook, Twitter (@Cheeryble2), and the course’s forums, Clayton “visits” each server’s channel in character to engage with students.

Those hiccups are rare, though. The technical experts responsible for the Coursera platform advise the Vanderbilt team on maximizing its use. And while they’re available for technical consults, “They have nothing to do with the content,” Clayton explains. Instead, “They’ve given professors complete freedom to develop their own course in accordance with their own pedagogical standards.” And while the system has very carefully thought-through grading standards that professors can use to evaluate students, Clayton thinks the real goal is simply to learn for the sake of learning.

“You know what’s the most exciting thing?” Clayton asks. I prepare myself to witness a character from San Paolo team up with one from Los Angeles to take down some bad guy, but I’m wrong. Clayton clicks to the forum page inside the course, and I see dozens of individual threads created not by Clayton or his team, but by the online learners themselves. “I posted a discussion question for the week,” he tells me—an optional one, not for credit or a grade—“and there’re 82 posts in this! And many of these posts are entire essays written by grownups, adults, deeply engaging with the subject matter of the course, discussing it, bringing out ramifications that were not covered in the videos. And these are very theoretical issues.”

“I’m not talking about ‘How do you kill an orc in combat?’” he continues. “I’m talking about the definition of remediation. The different roles between progression and emergence in the structure of a narrative. People are engaging with ideas and learning is occurring. There is a hunger out there to think about and discuss the kinds of questions the course raises.”

He’s right. I scroll the page and see active, learner-initiated discussion posts with titles like “Gender Politics of Cavafy’s Ithica & Comfort-Seeking Hobbits” and “Does World of Warcraft flip the way remediation occurs?” Seventy percent of Clayton’s online students already hold a BA degrees or higher, but all of them have brought their A-games.

“They are doing this because they want to keep learning,” Clayton emphasizes. This sort of online course has created the kind of low-risk, high-reward experience where adult learners can test, explore, and expand. In addition to assigned readings (including not only Tolkien but also Spenser, Keats, Tennyson, and Browning), students watch videos of Clayton delivering image-rich mini-lectures on course concepts and view actual discussions among Clayton and Vanderbilt University students—most of whom had never done anything with gaming before taking the class themselves, a fact that thrills Clayton. “So many people taking the course [online] are inexperienced gamers—it’s not just for veteran gamers although many of them are—but many, many people are taking the course who had never played a game before,” he explains.

Clayton scoops up his laptop and two texts, LOTR and Bolter & Grusin’s Remediation: Understanding New Media.  His team is waiting for him down the hall. “There’s plenty of work to be done on week two,” he laughs, “and the fact is, I gotta go!”


Tepper: technology doesn’t fundamentally change what people want from life/work/social encounters/culture; it changes how we go about achieving these human goals and desires

Posted by: Heather | Posted on: September 5th, 2013 | 0 Comments

Last month’s NYTimes cover story, “High Culture Goes Hands On,” argues that the renaissance of the “quest for experience,” revived by web 2.0 technologies, has museums scrambling to provide “the kinds of participatory experiences available almost everywhere else,” and this has author Judith H. Dobrzynski concerned: “Some of these initiatives are necessary, even good. But in the process of adapting, our cultural treasuries are multitasking too much, becoming more alike, and shedding the very characteristics that made them so special — especially art museums.”

So of course, we asked Steven Tepper to respond:

Very thought provoking piece.  I think Judith tends to lean toward the elitist definition of art in most of her writing, but she raises some excellent points about balance.   As a sociologists who has studied technology’s impact on society, my general conclusion is that technology doesn’t fundamentally change what people want or desire from life/work/social encounters/culture; instead, it changes how we go about achieving these human goals and desires.   So, people have always wanted both sublime, reflective experiences and deeply, social and interactive experiences. They have always wanted experiences that they can share with others.    Technology has changed where, when and how we can achieve these goals.   This is one of the challenges facing any institution—commercial or non-profit.  We build structures and organizations to deliver these experiences in one way, and then technology (especially today), provides people with a host of alternatives and we are slow to adapt.   The real challenge, it seems to me, is to be smart about “modalities” rather than content.  How do people want to experience moments of sublime reflection or intense and passionate, multi-sensory “experience?”  Museums and other organizations need to be open to new modalities — but not change their mission or necessarily their content.   People can still have a deep and reflective experience reading a book on a Kindle, in spite of what all the book lovers said about the demise of reading.   If you are in the business of promoting “reading,” then you should be agnostic about how people get the book or what form the “reading” comes in.   So, fundamentally, what business are museums in and what modalities exist today to help them better succeed in that business?  That is the big question.

Getting Unplugged by Harvey Burrell

Posted by: Claire | Posted on: August 14th, 2013 | 0 Comments

“If you aren’t being challenged, you die”

-Soren, Noma Restaurant Farmer


In light of the Media Immersion workshop I am co-teaching this week, I thought now would be a good opportunity to think about how to introduce people to design thinking practices for the first time. Learning about design thinking is a bit like getting unplugged from The Matrix; the experience is completely foreign, yet still entirely too real. These freshmen will have to use parts of their brains that have atrophied after years of neglect. I want to help them get their feet wet without hurting them, so I can’t have them pulling their creative muscles.  However, I know they are very bright, and since we all have the capacity to be creative, I will need to give them some space.

What will be most difficult is overcoming the judgmental environment that pervades freshmen orientation. It is hard to think of a place more critical and less open to new things that exist outside of the norm than freshmen orientation. Friendships are made and broken on nothing more than a whim. It is like a mass of eager humanity breaking against the hardened brick walls of this prestigious campus. The pure number of people one has to meet requires shorthand notation to help expedite the process. But for those of us at the Curb Center, it is the opposite of what we need. Creativity can only thrive in an environment free of negativity. We need more “yes and” or “plus 1ing,” as we creative types like to call it.  Our goal is to help push these kids towards discovering the new and obscure. I hope to push them and lead them to some experience that breaks them from the safe and routine.

I have reduced my teaching strategies down to a few bullet points that I, for the most part, understand and hope make some sense to the rest of you…


A few of my thoughts:

-       Regular name games are lame. We can do something better.

-       We should do something that we can all fail at, because at least we are failing together. Let’s see if we can break some synaptic connections.

-       Propose a big problem. But keep it relevant and/or local.

-       Ask them to “think wrong” about it. For example, what is the opposite of how you would typically solve this problem? Get wrong. Get weird. Come up with solutions that should make me feel stupid just from having heard them.

-       Ideally, these kids will walk out of here wanting to keep thinking wrong, not just saying yes, but asking why and demanding to know how they can squeeze the university for everything it is worth.


NB – Why name games suck:

-       Because knowing your name doesn’t make us friends, but knowing you have a brain might make me want to listen and listening is where it all starts.


Tangible practices:

My two favorite games:

Thinking Wrong – Pick a problem. Sit in groups of two with sharpies and a pile of post-it notes, spending ten minutes coming up with the wrongest, worst, stupidest ideas you possibly can. Then share with the group.

Crazy Eights – Now, you have five minutes to draw eight possible solutions. Yes, that means 40 seconds per drawing. Better move fast. Now proceed and be bold!



One-on-One: Steven J. Tepper talks Creativity Camp at the University of Hartford

Posted by: Heather | Posted on: August 5th, 2013 | 0 Comments

One-on-One: Steven J. Tepper talks Creativity Camp at the University of Hartford

A couple of weeks ago, Dr. Steven J. Tepper guided colleagues at the University of Hartford (Connecticut) through a week of creative experimentation. As happy as we were to see him back in the office, we were even more curious about how others are practicing creativity on their campuses. Here’s part of our conversation.

Curb Center: Steven, before the week was over, Dr. Sharon Vasques, Provost of the University of Hartford, was writing about interactions in her blog. You were on campus as part of the school’s Distinguished Teaching Humanist program, and you were working with Professor T. Stores of the Department of English, who happens to be their Distinguished Teaching Humanist at the moment. So what did you two cook up?

Steven J. Tepper: The invite was to come to the University of Hartford and work with 22 faculty from a variety of disciplines to explore different approaches to creativity and to think about how to integrate creativity more directly into their own classes and throughout the Hartford campus.  Over the course of the 4 days, we took a variety of creativity tests and then discussed their usefulness for assessment; we talked about the cognitive, psychological, social, economic and anthropological approaches to creativity; we participated in “speed dating” where each participant pitched a course and got rapid-fire feedback from 5 different partners over the course of an hour; and we did several hand-on creativity exercises and discussed their relevance for our own research and ways such exercises might be deployed in the classroom.

Curb Center: Is it true that you incorporated improv into your design? Where did you get such an idea? How did that go over? (Did it send anyone sneaking out the back of the room?)

Steven J. Tepper: As you know, the Curb Center has been a big proponent of improv as a technique for developing our creative muscle.  We have invited Second City Improv multiple times to participate in our annual creativity boot camp and we have used improv with our Curb Scholars.  At Hartford, we used improv both to loosen up the conversation and create an atmosphere of fun and spontaneity, where all ideas are welcome.  But improv teaches very important capacities as well that might be useful in the classroom – dealing with ambiguity; deep listening; the notion of teamwork and building on other’s ideas; and a willingness to talk about anything, to make random associations, until a “scene” or a storyline emerges that might actually lead to a productive idea or solution.

No one left the room, so I count that as a success.  There were moments where people felt deeply uncomfortable – but there was great trust in the room and we worked through moments of feeling uncomfortable and typically ended most exercises in fits of laughter.

Curb Center: What did you notice most about the questions and/or the ideas participants were bringing to the conversation? What are faculty curious about? Concerned about?

Steven J. Tepper: The faculty were very passionate and committed to creativity in their own work and teaching.   I think there were several concerns expressed over the course of the workshop. The first was that there is no consensus on what we mean by “creativity.” Several in the group focused on the idea of “non-routine” problem solving; but other argued that creativity does not necessarily have to be problem focused.  Creative work can be exploratory, playful and problem-seeking, rather than focused on solutions.   There was also considerable discussion about whether there was a difference between creative and critical thinking.

Faculty were also concerned that many students are so grade focused that they are risk-averse and would rather have very clear assignments than assignments that might be more ambiguous and require more creativity.

Others were concerned that the creative energy sparked during the workshop would be hard to sustain once the pushes and pulls of daily university life started up again in the fall.  They wondered about how universities can create structures that foster creativity and collaboration on a regular basis, rather than it being some extraordinary activity that faculty engage in above and beyond their normal duties.

Curb Center: Dr. Vasques noted how she is interested “in particular” by your “articulation of creativity as being made up of teachable competencies that can be applied across the curriculum.”   Where are we with identifying those competencies and finding ways to encourage them in our students? In each other?

Steven J. Tepper: I think we have a good sense of what would be included in core creative competencies.  An initial list includes:

  • Improvisation
  • Analogical and metaphorical thinking and remote associations
  • Idea generation
  • Conditional thinking and counter-factuals
  • Expressive agility
  • Radical revision and critical feedback
  • Creative collaboration and nexus work
  • Flexibility and tolerance for ambiguity
  • Empathic reasoning
  • Epistemic curiosity
  • Problem Finding
  • Pattern recognition and deep observation
  • Abstraction
  • Risk taking and learning from failure
  • Ability to consider the ethical, social and policy consequences of  innovation

In terms of assessment, I think we still have a ways to go. There are some good creativity tests that measure whether students have mastered some of the capacities, like idea generation, but few existing instruments truly capture the complex set of skills and processes involved in creative work.

Curb Center: In these workshops, what are you hoping for for the participants? For the campuses you are visiting?

Steven J. Tepper: I think my hope is that participants leave with very specific skills and ideas that they can take back to the classroom. I would also hope that my visit generates some sparks and some enthusiasm among a core group of faculty, as well as the administration, for doing something big around creativity – to consider an initiative that would draw on their unique creative assets to animate the campus and re-think how they connect with students and collaborate across the campus.

Curb Center: I know preparing for and participating in these workshops takes enormous effort, but they also bring significant benefit for both you and the participants. What do these workshops bring to your own research & reflection?

Steven J. Tepper: I am always energized by the opportunity to work with colleagues across the country. Many of the faculty at Hartford were already skilled teachers and had experience teaching creativity to their students.  I came back with several new ideas for my own classes.   I also realize how lucky we are at Vanderbilt that Mike Curb had the vision to endow a Creative Campus program and that everyday we wake up and have resources and university-wide support to implement the types of ideas and programs that w

ere discussed throughout my four day visit at Hartford.

Curb Center: What’s next on the horizon for you and this topic?

Steven J. Tepper: There is so much more work to be done.  I have just written a case statement for the Association of Performing Arts Presenters that argues for the importance of integrating the arts across campus as a key foundation for any creative campus initiative. Once the case statement is published next month, we will visit with higher education associations in Washington, DC, and work with universities across the country to begin conversations around creativity, arts integration, and higher education.

Curb Center: Thanks, we’ll catch up with you again soon!

Click herefor Steven’s CV, and check back for more One-on-One’s with Curb Center faculty, staff, scholars, and fellows!

What Exactly Is It That You Do? by Curb Scholar Harvey Burrell

Posted by: Claire | Posted on: August 2nd, 2013 | 0 Comments

I have spent the summer dodging the question: “What exactly is it that you do?” There is no simple answer. The technical answer is that I work for a design consulting firm, whatever that means, by the name of Future Partners. Future is known for helping companies jump the ingenuity gap aka companies that need help solving tricky problems. Turns out the path to ingenious solutions is rather circuitous. While working with Future I have shot lots of guns, swam in blood lake, drank beer with a member of the White House staff, ate gas station pork chops, and somewhere in the mayhem, I designed a social venture that helps the citizens of Hale County by selling cool bikes. The brand Catfish Bikes was inspired by a love of all things stunt and daring and the once thriving catfish farming industry of rural Alabama. I have worked with two other interns on everything from designing the bike to building the website and launching the brand. We also shot a series of odd videos to help promote the bikes.

Turns out launching a social enterprise is a total mess, but we bush whacked our way through it. The idea hatched during the two-week intensive blitz process in Greensboro, AL. I then traveled to Half Moon Bay, CA to continue working with my two other interns at the Future headquarters. In addition to the development of the Catfish Bikes and the Hot Potato Hack (more to follow on this later), we have also been working on a myriad of Corporate Social Responsibility projects for Microsoft and Genentech, but I don’t want to put you to sleep, so I’ll skip that stuff.

And since I like to sum things up, here are a few of my take away thoughts from the last six weeks:

-       think wrong

-       move fast

-       break sh*t when you can (ideally not yourself)

-       know what dent you want to make in the universe

-       popcorn and bud light is a suitable idea generation tool

-       Last but not least, remember that this is supposed to be fun. The hardest thing to create is fun. When you find that first spark of fun, protect it above all else. If what you are creating isn’t fun, then it doesn’t matter how nice your logo looks. Make it f*ing fun!