A phase-contrast X-Ray computed tomography scanner, a monochromatic diffraction computed tomography scanner, a rotatable monochromatic diffraction computed tomography scanner, and a combination phase-contrast and monochromatic computed tomographic scanner are provided. In addition, a method of identifying an unknown sample is provided.
Currently practical (as opposed to didactic) training is performed by trainees practicing on live patients and then learning disease processes from mentors. The training is serendipitous by necessity. This technology would potentially shorten, standardize, and broaden the training for technicians as well as radiologists and surgeons.
A method for simplifying the process of designing a platform for minimally invasive surgery. The platform is designed to attach to a set of bone-implanted anchors attached to the patient. This method makes the fitting of the platform to the anchors simpler and easier.
This is a high resolution imaging device that can detect the fundamental functional units of cortical organization. Currently, with existing technology, we are able to monitor the activity of these units in the awake, head-fixed animal using large standard sized cameras mounted on heavy camera arms. However, we need a capability to conduct such monitoring in the awake and freely moving animal so that we can relate specific patterns of cortical activity to natural behaviors.
The present system developed by Vanderbilt researchers provides a combination of a base laser pump connected to a laser surgical probe via a connection assembly. The surgical probe has a disposable tip wherein the Er:YAG lasing occurs. This system is useful in laser surgeries involving high precision and appropriate power levels. In particular, intraocular surgeries could benefit from the use of such a system.
An intervertebral disc prosthesis that comprises a deformable flexure with an axial cavity, the axial cavity extending along the axis of the flexure, and a slit defined in the perimeter surface of the flexure to provide flexibility to the disc member, the slit having a slit thickness.
A method for determining an orientation of a base to which a fiducial marker is detachably mounted. The method includes the steps of determining the axis of symmetry for the fiducial marker and choosing the determined axis of symmetry of the fiducial marker as the axis of symmetry of the base.
Compounds and methods related to NIR molecular imaging, in-vitro and in-vivo functional imaging, therapy/efficacy monitoring, and cancer and metastatic activity imaging. Compounds and methods demonstrated pertain to the field of peripheral benzodiazepine receptor imaging, metabolic imaging, cellular respiration imaging, cellular proliferation imaging as targeted agents that incorporate signaling agents.
The present invention provides a method of making particles useful in drug delivery, comprising the steps of: contacting polyanionic polymers with cations in a stirred reactor so that polyanions and the cations react to form particles.
Vanderbilt researchers have a novel optical injector that combines the injection apparatus with an endoscope, thereby allowing the surgeon to have a free hand for manipulation of tissues around the injection site without having to use an operating microscope.
Gene Expression Model Selector (GEMS) is a system that constructs, in a supervised fashion, diagnostic and outcome prediction models from array gene expression data. Examples of such models are: (a) models that detect cancer, (b) models that determine the correct subtype of cancer or (c) models that predict survival after treatment. Models that support such complex decision making are widely recognized as having the potential to revolutionize medicine in the years to come. In addition to the decision support models, GEMS can be used to select a small number of genes that are as good or better than the full gene set for diagnosis and/or outcome prediction. These biomarkers (genes) are also useful for discovery purposes (e.g., they suggest plausible causes and treatments of various types of cancer). Finally, GEMS provides estimates of the models' performance (e.g., accuracy) in future applications (i.e., when applied on patients not used to build the models but who come from the same patient population as the ones used to build the models), and allows users to run the models for individual patients.
This technology provides for a proteomic approach to grading gliomas, and for predicting patient survival. In addition to employing global protein expression patterns, such as by mass spectrometry, particular target proteins whose expression is altered in various gliomas can be used to predict the stage/classification of a glioma, as well as to indicate whether a given patient will be a short- or long-term survivor.