Scientists at Vanderbilt have developed an entirely plasmid-based system to better utilize reoviruses as a research tool. The system allows for generating a reovirus entirely from cloned cDNAs comprising three steps involving fairly well-known techniques.
Vanderbilt researchers have identified compounds that selectively differentiate stem cells into cardiomyocytes by perturbing key pathways. Medicinal chemistry is currently underway to develop lead compounds that maybe used for the treatment of damaged cardiac muscle.
A method of altering specificity of cyclooxygenase-inhibiting compounds that have a COOH moiety by changing the various COOH containing compounds, such as indomethacin, into ester derivatives or into secondary amide derivatives.
The c-Myc oncogene is bound by p19Arf, which inhibits c-Myc's ability to transform cells while augmenting apoptosis. This provides the basis for screening assays that examine the ability of various candidate substances to promote p19Arf interactions, or to substitute therefor.
The presently disclosed subject matter provides derivatives of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that are characterized by substantially reduced cyclooxygenase inhibiting activity, yet retain the ability to interact with and modulate the activities of other polypeptides such as the class of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPARs) and gamma-secretase. Also provided are methods of using the derivatives to treat pathological disorders.
Scientists at Vanderbilt have developed a novel therapy for gliobastoma multiform that results in minimal recurrence of the tumor. The therapy combines two inhibitors that effectively compromise tumor cell growth and survival. The therapy can be followed by radiation, a common treatment for cancer cells.
This technology describes a novel methodology wherein human-induced pluripotent stem cells can be differentiated into neural precuror cells using DMH1 (a dorsomorphin analog). Neural progenitor cells can then be further differentiated into tyrosine hydroxylase expressing neurons.