Fluorescent labels having near-infrared (NIR) emission wavelengths have the ability to penetrate tissue deeper than other emission wavelengths, providing enormous potential for non-invasive imaging applications. However, advancement of optical imaging (particularly NIR imaging) is hindered by the limitation of narrow Stokes shift of most infrared dyes currently available in the market. Vanderbilt researchers have developed a novel NIR dye (4-Sulfonir) for multichannel imaging that enables in vivo imaging of multiple targets due to its large Stokes shift. 4-Sulfonir with its unique large Stokes shift (~150 nm) and wide excitation spectrum could be used in parallel with other NIR dyes for imaging two molecular events simultaneously in one target.
An apparatus for measuring the temperature and heat flux of materials through the use of an ultrasonic sensor has been developed at Vanderbilt University. The sensor uses acoustic measurement techniques to determine the heat flux and temperature of material surfaces otherwise inaccessible in particular during system operation in order to enhance monitoring capabilities and reduce unsafe or impaired function due to extreme temperatures.
Personalized medicine is at the forefront of medical news and specialized diagnostics that can align patients with the correct treatment are the key to this type of medicine. Jennifer Pietenpol and colleagues have performed extensive research and discovered that triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous disease with at least six subtypes. These subtypes have differing biological behaviors and sensitivities to known therapeutics. Diagnostic assays will help guide personalized and more effective therapy.
A method to assess oxidative stress in vivo includes the steps of measuring an amount of neuroprostanes in a biological sample before the ex vivo development of neuroprostanes in a sample, comparing the measured amount of neuroprostanes with a control and assessing oxidative stress in vivo based on this comparison. There is also provided a marker for oxidated stress by an increase of neuroprostanes in a biological sample compared to a control sample. A diagnostic tool for determining the presence of a neurodegenerative disease provides for determining an increased amount of neuroprostanes in a biological sample compared to that of a control sample.
This invention combines the microfluidic and microelectronic devices and techniques required for the microminiaturization of cell culture and cell measurement systems to allow monitoring the response of populations of 1 to several hundred living cells. The instrument(s) allows for the detection of extracellular, membrane, and intracellular parameters; and the incorporation of closed-loop control techniques to continuously monitor the health of the cell and adjust the environmental and pharmacological parameters that control the cell.
Transcend is a model-based diagnosis system for fault detection and isolation of abrupt faults in complex to very complex engineered systems. It applies models of dynamic system behavior to obtain accurate predictions for measured transients and compares predictions with actual observations to distill the true cause for the faulty behavior. To successfully perform diagnosis, Transcend needs a dynamic model of the system.
Vanderbilt researchers have developed a low-cost, high sensitivity sensor based on a porous silicon (PSi) membrane waveguide. This sensor is designed to be a cost-effective alternative to conventional fiber optic and SPR sensors for both biosensing and chemical sensing applications.
An apparatus comprising one or more piezoelectric mass sensors for use in diagnostic and analytic processes, in particular for immunochemical detection of diagnostically relevant analytes in real time. Each piezoelectric mass sensor comprises a piezoelectric crystal with a receptor surface which has immobilized thereon a lawn of recombinant antibodies comprising single V.sub.H chain or single-chain Fv (scFv) polypeptides specific for a particular antigen. Binding of antigen to the recombinant antibodies results in a change in mass on the receptor surface which is detected as a change in resonant frequency. In a preferred embodiment, the receptor layer is a precious metal such as gold which facilitates self-assembly of the recombinant antibodies into a lawn on the receptor surface via a cysteine residue at the carboxy terminus of the attachment polypeptide.
The present invention provides methods for screening an EphB receptor or an EphB receptor-binding ligand for the ability to promote a selected biological activity when in multimeric form. The invention also provides methods for initiating, promoting, directing, or inhibiting biological activities that involve EphB receptors and/or EphB receptor-binding ligands. The invention further provides compositions that can be used in the foregoing methods.
A cagB gene of H. pylori is provided. This nucleic acid can be the nucleic acid consisting of nucleotides 193 through 1158 in the sequence set forth as SEQ ID NO:1, which is an example of a native coding sequence for CagB. This nucleic acid can also be in a vector suitable for expressing a polypeptide encoded by the nucleic acid. A cagC gene of H. pylori is provided. This nucleic acid can be the isolated nucleic acid consisting of nucleotides 1170 through 3830 in the sequence set forth as SEQ ID NO:3, which is an example of a native coding sequence for CagC. This nucleic acid can also be in a vector suitable for expressing a polypeptide encoded by the nucleic acid. Isolated nucleic acids that specifically hybridize with cagB and cagC are provided. CagB and CagC are associated with peptic ulceration and other clinical syndromes in humans infected with strains of H. pylori that express it.
This technology allows the simultaneous detection of RNA transcript abundance (as an assay of gene expression) and protein abundance (as an assay of protein expression) from biological samples without RNA isolation, labeling or amplification. Existing technologies allow for very efficient determinations of protein abundance from a wide variety of biological samples. These methods are in widespread use and are based on mass spectrometry technologies. There are no available technologies that allow efficient and quantitative assessment of multiple RNA transcripts without a previous isolation followed by labeling and/or amplification. The most efficient technologies currently available make use of DNA microarrays to profile RNA abundance as a measure of gene expression. While very robust and useful, these technologies are very labor intensive and suffer from a number of technological drawbacks. This technology takes advantage of a number of existing methods and techniques and brings them together in a novel manner that greatly expands the state of the art for gene expression.
Bright minds at Vanderbilt University have unveiled a breakthrough technology that could bring sophisticated biomarker diagnostics to the developing world. The point-of-care diagnostic is designed to be used in the field; no specialized equipment, expertise, or white lab coats are required. The diagnostic is based upon the ingenous observation that evaporating liquid droplets leave behind a characteristic ring pattern, which may be familiar to our readers in the form of a coffee-ring stain.
This invention relates generally to a method of identifying an individual having an increased susceptibility to developing Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension (FPPH), as well as to a method for diagnosing an individual suffering from FPPH. The invention also relates to a method of identifying an individual having an increased susceptibility to developing (non-familial) Primary Pulmonary Hypertension (PPH), as well as to a method for diagnosing an individual suffering from PPH.