Classics/American and Southern Studies 222
THE CLASSICAL TRADITION IN AMERICA
The Influence of Greece and Rome on American Public Architecture
Professor Susan F. Wiltshire
This section of the course addresses the influence of Greece and Rome on American public architecture.
The images that follow are organized into six sections:
1. Overview of Washington D.C. with the Lincoln Memorial in the foreground, followed by the Washington Memorial and the Capitol.
2. The Washington Memorial.
3. The Capitol.
4. The Jefferson Memorial.
5. The Lincoln Memorial.
6. Construction of the Lincoln Memorial.
7. Statue of Washington as seated Zeus.
8. This low-relief of Apollo guiding his chariot adorns the pedestal of the statue of Washington.
9. Statue of Lincoln.
10. Statue of the Contemplation of Justice in front of the Supreme Court Building.
11. Here on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier stands three allegorical figures Victory, Peace and the American Soldier.
12. This high relief panel on the Municipal Center Building of the District of Columbia makes use of Classical allegorical figures Maia, Mercury Aesculapius, and Vesta.
13. The statues of War and Peace stands in the niches of the U.S. Capitol.
14. The Acacia Griffens, the mythological figures guarding the gold stored in Scythia, stand in front of the Mutual Life Insurance Building.
15. This relief of a Roman Guard stands in front of the National Archives.
16. This low-relief sculpture on the pedestal carrying the statue of John Marshall depicts Victory leading America to the altar (on the opposite side, not shown, the panel depicts Minerva dictating the Constitution to America, who writes upon a scroll).
17. This Department of Justice is adorned with a pair of pediments entitled Ars Boni and Ars Aequi, "the Good of the State" and "the Rights of Man".
18. The Fountain of Columbus in front of Union Station.
19. The Fountain depicts Columbus at the helm of a Greek Trireme.
TOP OF CITY PLAN AND MONUMENTS
BACK TO TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
20. The Fountain of Neptune in front of the Library of Congress.
21. The Fountain of Neptune.
22. Two figures of Minerva adorn the piers leading to the Great Hall. The Minerva of Peace holds a scroll and a globe. The Minerva of War carries a falchion (short sword) and the torch of learning.
23. A close up view of the Minerva of War atop the piers.
24. The mosaic of Athena.
25. Barrel Vaulting.
26. Bronze Door on the Library of Congress.
27. The allegorical figure of Commerce holds two products associated with communication and trade, the steamboat and a railroad steam engine.
28. Corinthian column capital.
29. A description of the various parts of a Corinthian capital.
30. Ionic capital.
31. This painting entitled Literature depicts Apollo on this occasion as the god of letters. He sits upon the steps of an old Greek Temple surrounded by figures representing aspects of literature.
32. Apollo is a frequent choice for murals because of his association with art and music. Here, however, he stands in his chariot in a mural depicting the four elements.
33. Calliope, the muse of epic poetry.
34. Hercules appears in this mural in women's clothing, frustrated with spindle to the amusement of Omphale. This scene captures a curiously unheroic moment in a myth depicting one of Hercules' varying adventures.
35. This mural depicts Prometheus urging his brother Epimethus not to take Pandora as his wife.
36. This figure of a woman in classical dress holds the lyre sits as a part of a series of panels representing the various genres of literature. Lyric Poetry, Tragedy, Comedy, History, Love Poetry, Tradition, Fancy, and Romance.
37. The goddess Euphrosyne, a daughter of Zeus and one of the three Graces in Greek mythology.
38. This Greek Vase and Statue of Nike are incorporated into a mural entitled Art.
TOP OF LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
BACK TO TABLE OF CONTENTS
MORE IMAGES OF WASHINGTON D.C.